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Αλεξάνδρεια (Greek)
الإسكندرية (Arabic)
Banner o Alexandria
Pearl o the Mediterranean
Alexandria is located in Egypt
Location in Egyp
Coordinates: 31°12′N 29°55′E / 31.200°N 29.917°E / 31.200; 29.917Coordinates: 31°12′N 29°55′E / 31.200°N 29.917°E / 31.200; 29.917
Kintra Egyp
Foondit332 BC
 • Govrenorvacant
 • Total2679 km2 (1,034 sq mi)
 • Total4,110,015
 CAPMS 2006 Census
Time zoneUTC+2 (EST)
Area code(s)++3
WebsiteOffeecial wabsteid

Alexandria (Arabic: الإسكندرية al-Iskandariyya; Coptic: Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ Rakotə; Greek: Αλεξάνδρεια; Ancient Greek: Ἀλεξάνδρεια ἡ κατ' Αἴγυπτον; Egyptian Arabic: اسكندريه [eskendeˈrejːæ]), wi a population o 4.1 million, is the seicond-lairgest ceety in Egyp, an is the kintra's lairgest seaport, servin approximately 80% o Egyp's imports an exports. Alexandria is an' a' an important tourist resort. Alexandria extends aboot 32 km (20 mi) alang the coast o the Mediterranean Sea in north-central Egyp. It is hame tae the Bibliotheca Alexandrina (the new Library o Alexandria). It is an important industrial centre acause o its natural gas an ile pipelines frae Suez.

In auncient times, Alexandria wis ane o the maist famous ceeties in the warld. It wis foondit aroond a sma pharaonic toun c. 331 BC bi Alexander the Great. It remained Egyp's caipital for nearly a thoosan years, till the Muslim conquest o Egyp in AD 641, when a new caipital wis foondit at Fustat (Fustat wis later absorbed intae Cairo). Alexandria wis kent acause o its Lichthouse o Alexandria (Pharos), ane o the Seiven Wonders o the Ancient Warld; its library (the lairgest leebrar in the ancient warld); an the Catacombs o Kom el Shoqafa, ane o the Seiven Wonders o the Middle Ages. Ongoin maritime archaeology in the harbor o Alexandria, which began in 1994, is revealin details o Alexandria baith afore the arrival o Alexander, when a ceety named Rhacotis existit thare, an durin the Ptolemaic dynasty.

Frae the late 19t century, Alexandria became a major centre o the internaitional shippin industry an ane o the maist important tradin centers in the warld, baith acause it profitit frae the easy owerland connection atween the Mediterranean Sea an the Red Sea, an the lucrative tred in Egyptian cotton.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Alexandria is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Bratislava City - Twin Towns". Bratislava-City.sk. Retrieved 26 October 2008.
  2. "Sister Cities Home Page". Archived frae the original on 11 October 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2010. eThekwini Online: The Official Site of the City of Durban
  3. "Baltimore City Mayor's Office of International and Immigrant Affairs - Sister Cities Program". Archived frae the original on 7 August 2008. Retrieved 18 Julie 2009.