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Coordinates: 39°17′N 76°37′W / 39.283°N 76.617°W / 39.283; -76.617


Baltimore (/ˈbɔːltˌmɔːr/, locally: [ˈbɔɫ.mɔɻ]) is the lairgest independent ceety in the Unitit States an the lairgest ceety an cultural centre o the US state o Maryland. The ceety is locatit in central Maryland alang the tidal portion o the Patapsco River,[1] an airm o the Chesapeake Bay. Baltimore is whiles referred tae as Baltimore Ceety in order tae distinguish it frae surroondin Baltimore Coonty. Foondit in 1729, Baltimore is the lairgest U.S. seaport in the Mid-Atlantic an is situatit closer tae major Midwastren mercats than ony ither major seaport on the East Coast. Baltimore's Inner Harbor wis ance the seicont leadin port o entry for immigrants tae the Unitit States an a major manufacturin centre. The harbour is nou hame tae Harborplace, a shoppin, entertainment, an tourist centre, an the National Aquarium in Baltimore. Accordin tae Forbes, the ceety o Baltimore wis ratit 3rd best place tae shop in 2010.[2] Efter a decline in manufacturin, Baltimore shiftit tae a service-orientit economy. Johns Hopkins University an Johns Hopkins Hospital are nou the ceety's lairgest employers.

At 620,961 in 2010,[3] Baltimore's population haes been decreasin considerably syne the 1970s. The Baltimore Metropolitan Aurie haes approximately 2.7 million residents; the 21st lairgest in the kintra. Baltimore is an aa the lairgest ceety in the surroondin associatit combined statistical aurie o approximately 8.4 million residents.[4]

The ceety is named efter Lord Baltimore, a member o the Erse Hoose o Lords an the foondin proprietor o the Maryland Colony. Baltimore hissel teuk his title frae a place in Bornacoola parish, Coonty Leitrim an Coonty Longford, Ireland.[5] Baltimore is an anglicised form o the Erse Baile an Tí Mhóir, meanin "Toun o the Big Hoose",[6] no tae be ramfeeselt wi Baltimore, Coonty Cork, the Erse name o which is Dún na Séad.[7]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety o Baltimore includes the follaein sister ceeties belaw:[8][9]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "no title". Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Archived frae the original on 25 Februar 2009. Retrieved 9 Februar 2009. Cite uises generic title (help) Map shows the demarcation point atween tidal an non-tidal portions o the Patapsco River.
  2. "The City Of Baltimore Awaits You". Baltimore City Info. Archived frae the original on 3 Juin 2011. Retrieved 8 Januar 2011. Archived 2011-05-25 at the Wayback Machine
  3. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
  4. "Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009" (CSV). 2009 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Mairch 2010. Retrieved 31 Mairch 2010.
  5. As a goodwill gesture, and based on this historic link, a statue of Lady Baltimore was sent back to Ireland in 1974 and erected there some years later. See Jensen, Brennen (28 Juin 2000). "Ms. Mobtown". Baltimore City Paper. Retrieved 24 Januar 2009.
  6. "Placenames". n-ireland.co.uk. Archived frae the original on 30 Apryle 2007. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2007.
  7. "Placenames Database of Ireland". Retrieved 4 Apryle 2009.
  8. "Sister Cities". Visit Baltimore. Archived frae the original on 11 October 2011. Retrieved 30 Mairch 2011.
  9. "Sister City Committee". Baltimore-Luxor-Alexandria Sister City Committee. Retrieved 30 Mairch 2011.