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Coordinates: 46°N 25°E / 46°N 25°E / 46; 25


România  (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.)
Banner o Roumainie
Coat o airms o Roumainie
Coat o airms
AnthemDeșteaptă-te, române!
'"Awaken thee, Roumainie!"

Location o  Roumainie  (daurk green) – on the European continent  (green & daurk grey) – in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Roumainie  (daurk green)

– on the European continent  (green & daurk grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

44°25′N 26°06′E / 44.417°N 26.100°E / 44.417; 26.100
Lairgest ceetycapital
Offeecial leidsRoumains[1]
Recognised minority
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential
• Preses
Klaus Iohannis
Florin Cîțu
Chaumer o Deputes
168 BC
275 – 10t century
• First Roumainien polities
10t century – 1330
• First union unner Michael the Brave
24 Januar 1859
9 Mey 1877 / 1878b
14 Mairch 1881
1 December 1918d
• Total
238,397 km2 (92,046 sq mi) (83rd)
• Water (%)
• 2015 estimate
19,511,000 Decrease[4] (59t)
• 2011 census
20,121,641[3] (58t)
• Density
84.4/km2 (218.6/sq mi) (117th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$470.312 billion[5] (42nd)
• Per capita
$23,957 (61st)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$197.004 billion[5] (49t)
• Per capita
$10,097 (67t)
Gini (2013)Steady 34[6]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.802[7]
verra heich · 50t
CurrencyRoumainien leu (RON)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
Date (AD)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+40
ISO 3166 codeRO
Internet TLD.roe
  1. The dooble election o Alexandru Ioan Cuza in Moldavie an Wallachie (respectively, 5 an 24 Januar 1859).
  2. Unthirldom proclaimed on 9 Mey 1877, internaitionally recognised in 1878.
  3. The union o Roumainie wi Bessarabie, Bukovina an Transylvanie in 1918.
  4. Monarchy wis abolished on 30 December 1947 upon the proclamation o the Fowkrepublic an wis cheenged wi the new constitution upon its adoption on 21 August 1965 as the Socialist Republic. The Communist regime fell on 22 December 1989, the new democratic govrenment wis installed on 20 Mey 1990 an the new post-communist constitution wis adoptit on 21 November 1991. Roumainie jyned the European Union on 1 Januar 2007.
  5. An aa .eu, shared wi ither European Union member states.

Roumainie (Romanie: România [romɨˈni.a] ( listen)) is a sovereign state locatit in Sootheastren Europe. It mairches the Black Sea, Bulgarie, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbie, an Moldovae. It haes an aurie o 238,397 square kilometre (92,046 sq mi) an a temperate-continental climate. Wi awmaist 20 million indwallers, the kintra is the seivent maist populous member state o the European Union. Its caipital an lairgest ceety, Bucharest, is the saxt-lairgest ceety in the EU, wi 1,883,425 indwallers as o 2011.[8]

The River Danube, Europe's seicont-langest river, rises in Germany an flowes in a general sootheast direction for 2,857 km (1,775 mi), coorsin throu ten kintras afore emptyin intae Roumainie's Danube Delta. The Carpathian Moontains, that cross Roumainie frae the north tae the soothwast, include Moldoveanu, at 2,544 m (8,346 ft).[9]

Modren Roumainie wis formed in 1859 throu a personal union o the Danubian Principalities o Moldavie an Wallachie. The new state, offeecially named Roumainie syne 1866, gained unthirldom frae the Ottoman Empire in 1877. At the end o Warld War I, Transylvanie, Bukovina an Bessarabie unitit wi the sovereign Kinrick o Roumainie. In Warld War II, Roumainie wis an ally o Nazi Germany against the Soviet Union, fechtin side bi side wi the Wehrmacht till 1944, whan it jyned the Allied pouers an faced occupation bi the Reid Airmy forces. Roumainie lost several territories, o that Northren Transylvanie wis regained efter the war. Follaein the war, Roumainie becam a socialist republic an member o the Warsaw Pact. Efter the 1989 Revolution, Roumainie begoud a transeetion taewart democracy an a caipitalist mercat economy.

Roumainie is a developin kintra an ane o the puirest in the European Union, rankin 50t in the Human Development Index,[10][11] awtho as o 2017 its economy is growin at an estimatit annual rate o 5%, tied wi Maltae for the heichest in the EU.[12] Follaein rapid economic growthe in the early 2000s, Roumainie haes an economy predominantly based on services, an is a producer an net exporter o machines an electric energy, featurin companies lik Automobile Dacia an OMV Petrom. It haes been a member o NATO syne 2004, an pairt o the European Union syne 2007. A strang majority o the population identifee themsels as Eastren Orthodox Christians an are native speakers o Roumains, a Romance leid. The cultural history o Roumainie is eften referred tae whan dealin wi influential airtists, muisickers, inventors, an sportsfowk.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Constitution of Romania". Retrieved 2 October 2013.
  2. "Reservations and Declarations for Treaty No.148 – European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages". Council of Europe. Council of Europe. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  3. a b "Romanian 2011 census (final results)" (PDF) (in Roumains). INSSE. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
  4. "United Nations world population prospects".(PDF) 2015 Revision
  5. a b "Romania". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 21 Apryle 2017.
  6. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. Retrieved 8 Februar 2015.
  7. "2016 Human Development Report Romania" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 22 Mairch 2017.
  8. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. "Romania Geography". Archived frae the original on 28 Mairch 2015. Retrieved 4 Apryle 2015. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  10. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 25 Apryle 2017. Retrieved 24 Apryle 2017. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2017. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ""Country Comparison : GDP - Real Growth Rate", CIA World Factbook, accessed 26 July 2017". Archived frae the original on 1 Julie 2017. Retrieved 26 Julie 2017. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)