Ukrainian leid

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українська мова
ukrajinśka mova
Pronunciation [ukrɑˈjinʲsʲkɑ ˈmɔwɑ]
Native tae Ukraine
Ethnicity Ukrainians
Native speakers
35 million (2000)[1]
Speakers: aroond 40 million (estimatit)[2]
Early form
Cyrillic (Ukrainian alphabet)
Ukrainian Braille
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in


Recognised minority
leid in
Regulatit bi National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine: Institute for the Ukrainian Language, Ukrainian language-information fund, Potebnya Institute of Language Studies
Leid codes
ISO 639-1 uk
ISO 639-2 ukr
ISO 639-3 ukr
Glottolog ukra1253  Ukrainian[7]
Linguasphere 53-AAA-ed < 53-AAA-e
(varieties: 53-AAA-eda to 53-AAA-edq)
Ukrainian in the world.svg
Ukrainian-speakin warld
Ukrainians en.svg
Ukrainian leid an Ukrainians wi their neebours in the early 20t century.
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Ukrainian (Ukrainian: украї́нська мо́ва ukrayins'ka mova, [ukrɑˈjınʲsʲkɑ ˈmɔwɑ]) is a leid o the East Slavic subgroup o the Slavic leids. It is the offeecial state leid o Ukraine. Written Ukrainian uises a variant o the Cyrillic alphabet.

The Ukrainian leid traces its oreegins tae the Auld East Slavic o the early medieval state o Kievan Rus'. In its earlier stages it wis kent as Ruthenian. Ukrainian is a lineal descendant o the colloquial leid used in Kievan Rus (10t–13t century).[8] Despite active discouragement the Ukrainian leid haes continued tae exist an be uised bi Ukrainians. It haes aaways maintained a sufficient base amang the Ukrainian fowk in its fowklore sangs, itinerant muisickers, an prominent authors.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Ukrainisch". Forschungsverbund Ost- und Südosteuropa. Retrieved 3 December 2018. 
  2. "Ukrainian". About World Languages. 18 February 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2019. 
  3. The status o Crimea an of the ceety o Sevastopol is syne March 2014 unner dispute atween Roushie an Ukraine; Ukraine an the majority o the internaitional commonty conseeder Crimea tae be an autonomous region o Ukraine an Sevastopol tae be ane o Ukraine's ceeties wi special status, whauras Roushie conseeders Crimea tae be a federal subject o Roushie an Sevastopol tae be ane o Roushie's three federal ceeties.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 "List of declarations made with respect to treaty No. 148 (Status as of: 21/9/2011)". Council of Europe. Retrieved 2012-05-22. 
  5. "National Minorities Policy of the Government of the Czech Republic". Retrieved 2012-05-22. 
  6. "Implementation of the Charter in Hungary". Database for the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. Public Foundation for European Comparative Minority Research. Archived frae the oreeginal on 27 February 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  7. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Ukrainian". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  8. Ukrainian language, Encyclopædia Britannica