Croatie

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Coordinates: 45°10′N 15°30′E / 45.167°N 15.500°E / 45.167; 15.500

Republic o Croatie
Republika Hrvatska  (Croatie)
Banner o Croatia
Banner
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat o airms
Anthem: "Lijepa naša domovino"
"Our Beautiful Homeland"
Location o  Croatie  (dark green) – on the European continent  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Croatie  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Caipital
and largest city
Zagreb
45°48′N 16°0′E / 45.800°N 16.000°E / 45.800; 16.000
Offeecial leids Croatie
Ethnic groups (2011[1])
Demonym
  • Croatie
Govrenment Unitar pairlamentar constitutional republic
• Preses
Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović
Andrej Plenković
Gordan Jandroković
Miroslav Šeparović
Legislatur Sabor
Establishment
• Duchy
7t century
• Kinrick
925
1102
• Jyned Habsburg Monarchy
1 Januar 1527
• Secession frae
Austria-Hungary
29 October 1918
4 December 1918
25 Juin 1991
1 Julie 2013
Aurie
• Total
56,594 km2 (21,851 sq mi) (126t)
• Water (%)
1.09
Population
• 2016 estimate
4,190,700[2]
• 2011 census
4,284,889[3] (128t)
• Density
75.8/km2 (196.3/sq mi) (126t)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$100.006 billion[4]
• Per capita
$24,053[4]
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Tot
$51.945 billion[4]
• Per capita
$12,405[4]
Gini (2017) positive decrease 29.7[5]
law
HDI (2015) Increase 0.827[6]
verra heich · 45t
Currency Kuna (HRK)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Drivin side right
Cawin code +385
Internet TLD .hra
  1. The .eu domain is an aa uised, as in ither European Union member states.

Croatia (Croatie: Hrvatska [xř̩ʋaːtskaː]), offeecially the Republic o Croatie (Croatie: Republika Hrvatska, About this sound listen )[lower-alpha 1], is a kintra at the mairch o Central an Sootheast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea. Its caipital Zagreb forms ane o the kintra's primar subdiveesions, alang wi twenty coonties. Croatie haes an aurie o 56,594 square kilometres (21,851 square miles) an a population o 4.28 million, maist o whom are Roman Catholics.

The Croats arrived in the aurie in the 6t century. Thay organised the state intae twa duchies bi the 9t century. Tomislav becam the first keeng bi 925, elevatin Croatie tae the status o a kinrick. The Kinrick o Croatie retained its sovereignty for nearly twa centuries, reachin its peak in the rule o Keengs Petar Krešimir IV an Dmitar Zvonimir. Croatie entered a personal union wi Hungary in 1102. In 1527, faced wi Ottoman conquest, the Croatie Pairlament electit Ferdinand I o the Hoose o Habsburg tae the Croatie throne. In the early 19th century, pairts o the kintra war split intae the French Illyrian Provinces while Austrick-Hungary occupied its Bosnie an Herzegovinae side–a dispute settled bi the 1878 Treaty o Berlin. In 1918, efter Warld War I, Croatie wis included in the unrecognised State o Slovenes, Croats an Serbs that secedit frae Austrick-Hungary an merged intae the Kinrick o Yugoslavie. Follaeing the Axis invasion o Yugoslavie, maist o the Croatie territory wis incorporatit intae the Nazi-backed client-state that led tae the development o a resistance muivement an creaution o the Federal State o Croatie that efter the war acome a foondin member an a federal constituent o the Socialist Federal Republic o Yugoslavie. On 25 Juin 1991, Croatie declared unthirldom, that cam halely intae effect on 8 October o the same year. The Croatie War o Unthirldom wis focht successfully for fower years follaein the declaration.

Croatie is a republic govrened unner a pairlamentar seestem an a developit kintra wi a verra heich staundart o leevin. Croatie is a member o the European Union (EU), Unitit Naitions (UN), the Cooncil o Europe, NATO, the Warld Tred Organisation (WTO), an a foondin member o the Union for the Mediterranean. As an active pairteecipant in the UN peacekeepin forces, Croatie haes contreibutit truips tae the NATO-led mission in Afghanistan an teuk a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Cooncil for the 2008–2009 term. Syne 2000, the Croatie govrenment haes constantly investit in infrastructur, especially transport routes an facilities alang the Pan-European corridors.

Croatie's economy is dominatit bi service an industrial sectors an agricultur. Tourism is a signeeficant soorce o revenue, wi Croatie rankit amang tap 20 maist popular tourist destinations in the warld. The state controls a pairt o the economy, wi substantial govrenment expenditur. The European Union is Croatie's maist important treddin pairtner. Croatie provides a social siccarity, universal heal care seestem, an a tuition-free primar an seicontar eddication, while supportin cultur throu numerous public institutions an corporate investments in media an publishin.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. IPA transcription o "Republika Hrvatska": [ˈrepǔblika ˈxř̩ʋaːtskaː]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census". Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  2. "EU population up to slightly over 510 million at 1 January 2016". Eurostat. 8 July 2016. Retrieved 8 July 2016. 
  3. "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census". Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2017 – Croatia". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 25 April 2017. 
  5. "First Results". Retrieved 21 July 2017. 
  6. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2017.