Slovakie

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Coordinates: 48°40′N 19°30′E / 48.667°N 19.500°E / 48.667; 19.500

Slovak Republic
Slovenská republika  (Slovak)
Banner o Slovakiee
Banner
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat o airms
Anthem: "Nad Tatrou sa blýska"
"Lightning Over the Tatras"
Location o  Slovakie  (dark green) – on the European continent  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Slovakie  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Caipital
and largest city
Bratislava
48°09′N 17°07′E / 48.150°N 17.117°E / 48.150; 17.117
Offeecial leids Slovak
Ethnic groups (2011[1])
Demonym Slovak
Govrenment Unitar pairlamentar republic
• Preses
Andrej Kiska
Robert Fico
Legislatur Naitional Cooncil
Unthirldom
• 
28 October 1918
23 November 1938
• First Slovak Republic (client state o Nazi Germany)
14 Mairch 1939
1 Januar 1969
• Slovak Republic (chynge o name within Czechoslovak Federation)
1 Mairch 1990
1 Januar 1993a
1 May 2004
Aurie
• Total
49,035 km2 (18,933 sq mi) (127t)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2016 estimate
5,435,343 Increase[2] (116t)
• 2011 census
5,397,036
• Density
111/km2 (287.5/sq mi) (88t)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$179.527 billion[3]
• Per capita
$34,743[3] (39t)
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Tot
$89.134 billion[3]
• Per capita
$19,128[3] (40t)
Gini (2014) 26.1[4]
law · 8t
HDI (2015) Increase 0.845[5]
verra heich · 40t
Currency Euro ()b (EURb)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Drivin side richt
Cawin code +421c
Patron saunt Saunts Cyril an Methodius
Oor Leddy o Sorraes
Internet TLD .sk an .eu
  1. Czechoslovakie split intae the Czech Republic an Slovakie; see Velvet Divorce.
  2. Slovak koruna afore 2009.
  3. Shared code 42 wi Czech Republic till 1997.

Slovakie (Slovak: Slovensko [ˈslɔʋɛnskɔ] ( listen)), offeecially the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Slovenská republika, About this sound listen ),[6] is a laundlocked kintra in Central Europe.[7][8] It is mairchit bi Poland tae the north, Ukraine tae the east, the Czech Republic tae the wast, Hungary tae the sooth, an Austrick tae the soothwast. Slovakie's territory spans aboot 49,000 square kilometres (19,000 sq mi) an is maistly mountainous. The population is ower 5.4 million an consists maistly o Slovaks. The caipital an lairgest ceety is Bratislava, seicont lairgest ceety is Košice. The offeecial leid is Slovak.

The Slavs arrived in the territory o present-day Slovakie in the 5t an 6t centuries. In the 7t century, they played a signeeficant role in the creation o Samo's Empire an in the 9t century established the Principality o Nitra. In the 10t century, the territory wis integratit intae the Kinrick o Hungary.[9] Efter Warld War I an the dissolution o the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Slovaks an Czechs established Czechoslovakie (1918–1939). A separate (First) Slovak Republic (1939–1945) exeestit in Warld War II as a client state o Nazi Germany. In 1945, Czechoslovakie wis re-established an unner Communist rule becam a Soviet satellite. In 1989, the Velvet Revolution endit Communist rule in Czechoslovakie. Slovakie becam an independent state on 1 Januar 1993 efter the peacefu dissolution o Czechoslovakie, whiles kent as the Velvet Divorce.

Slovakie is a heich-income advanced economy[10][11] wi a verra heich Human Development Index,[12][13] a verra heich staundart o leevin an performs favourably in measurements o ceevil leeberties, press freedom, internet freedom, democratic govrenance an peacefuness. The kintra mainteens a combination o mercat economy wi a comprehensive social siccarity seestem. Ceetizens o Slovakie are providit wi universal heal care, free eddication an ane o the langest paid maternity leave in the OECD.[14] The kintra jynt the European Union in 2004 an the Eurozone on 1 Januar 2009.[15] Slovakie is an aw a member o the Schengen Aurie, NATO, the Unitit Naitions, the OECD, the WTO, CERN, the OSCE, the Cooncil o Europe an the Visegrád Group. Awtho regional income inequality is heich, 90% o ceetizens awn thair hames. In 2018, Slovak ceetizens haed visa-free or visa-on-arrival access tae 167 kintras an territories, rankingthe Slovak passport 12t in the warld.[16] Slovakie is the warld’s lairgest per-capita car producer wi a tot o 1,040,000 caurs manufacturt in the kintra in 2016 alane[17] an the 7t lairgest caur producer in the European Union. The caur industrie represents 43% o Slovakie's industrial ootput, an a quarter o its exports.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Tab. 10 Obyvateľstvo SR podľa národnosti – sčítanie 2011, 2001, 1991" (PDF). Portal.statistics.sk. Retrieved 21 February 2016. 
  2. https://slovak.statistics.sk/PortalTraffic/fileServlet?Dokument=205edf7a-6910-41a4-a5cd-1486b9582afa
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Slovakia". International Monetary Fund. 
  4. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  5. "2016 Human Development Report". 21 March 2017. Retrieved 25 March 2017. 
  6. IPA: [ˈslɔʋɛnskaː ˈrɛpublika]
  7. "Austrian Foreign Ministry". Archived frae the oreeginal on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  8. "UNHCR regional classification". UNHCR. Archived frae the oreeginal on 26 August 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  9. Dixon-Kennedy, Mike (1998). Encyclopedia of Russian & Slavic myth and legend. ABC-CLIO. p. 375. ISBN 978-1-57607-130-4. Retrieved 23 April 2009. 
  10. "Country and Lending Groups". worldbank.org. 
  11. "Advanced economies". IMF. 14 September 2006. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  12. Country and Lending Groups |Data. Data.worldbank.org. Retrieved on 11 August 2014.
  13. United Nations Development Programme: Human Development Report, 2014. undp.org.
  14. "Which countries are most generous to new parents?". economist.com. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  15. "Kyiv Post. Independence. Community. Trust – World – Slovakia 16th country to adopt euro". Kyivpost.com. Archived frae the oreeginal on 9 February 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
  16. "Global Ranking – Visa Restriction Index 2018" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 21 April 2018. 
  17. "Produkcia vozidiel aj v roku 2016 prekročila miliónovou hodnotu". Retrieved 10 March 2017.