The Axis advance haltit in 1942 when Japan lost the creetical Battle o Midway, near Hawaii, an Germany wis defeatit in North Africae an then, decisively, at Stalingrad in the Soviet Union. In 1943, wi a series o German defeats on the Eastren Front, the Allied invasion o Italy whilk brocht aboot Italian surrender, an Allied victories in the Paceefic, the Axis lost the initiative an undertook strategic retreat on aw fronts. In 1944, the Wastren Allies invaded German-occupied Fraunce, whilst the Soviet Union regained aw o its territorial losses an invadit Germany an its allies. During 1944 an 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asie in SoothCentral Cheenae an Burma, whilst the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy an capturt key Wastren Paceefic islands.
Warld Weir II altered the poleetical alignment an social structur o the warld. The Unitit Naitions (UN) wis established tae foster internaitional co-operation an prevent future conflicts. The victorious great powers—the Unitit States, the Soviet Union, Cheenae, the Unitit Kinrick, an Fraunce—became the permanent members o the Unitit Naotions Security Cooncil. The Soviet Union an the Unitit States emerged as rival superpouers, settin the stage for the Cauld Weir, whilk lastit for the next 46 years. Meanwhile, the influence o European great pouers waned, whilst the decolonisation o Asie an Africae began. Maist kintras whose industries haed been damaged moved towards economic recovery. Poleetical integration, especially in Europe, emerged as an effort tae end pre-weir enmities an tae create a common identity.
↑23 August 1939, the USSR an Germany sign non-aggression pact, secretly dividin Eastren Europe intae spheres o influence. USSR armistice wi Japan 16 September 1939; invades Poland 17 September 1939; attacks Finland 30 September 1939; forcibly incorporates Baltic States Juin 1940; takes eastren Romanie 4 Julie 1940. 22 Juin 1941, USSR is invaded bi European Axis; USSR aligns wi kintras fichtin Axis.
↑Herman Van Rompuy, President of the European Council; José Manuel Durão Barroso, President of the European Commission (10 December 2012). "From War to Peace: A European Tale". Nobel Lecture by the European Union. Retrieved 4 Januar 2014.
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