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Banner o Canadae
Airms o Canadae
Banner Airms
Naitional motto: A Mari Usque Ad Mare (Laitin)
From Sea to Sea (Inglis)
Frae Sea tae Sea
Locaition o Canadae
Location o Canadae
Offeecial leid Inglis, French
Caipital Ottawa
Lairgest ceety Toronto

Heid o State -
Prime Meenister -

Pairliamentary democracy an Federal Constitutional Monarchy

Queen Elizabeth II

Stephen Harper

Area 9,984,670 km²
(3,854,085 sq mi)
Population 2006 census: 31,612,897 fowk
2008 estimate: 33,181,500 fowk
Foondin July 1, 1867
Siller Canadian dollar ($) (CAD)
Time zone UTC-3.5 to UTC-8
(Simmer: UTC-2.5 to UTC-7)
Naitional anthem O Canada
Naitional flouer
Patron saunt
Internet TLD .ca
Cawin code +1

Canadae is a kintra in North Americae, ane of the northrenmaist in the warld, an the mucklest kintra gaun bi area efter Roushie. It mairches the Unitit States an its watters eiks northart intil the Arctic Ocean tae the Nor' Powl.

Canadae is a federation o ten provinces an three territories. It wis first shapit bi the Breetish North America Act o 1867 an cried the "Dominion o Canadae". It is a pairlamentary representative democracy an is a constitutional monarchy wi Queen Elizabeth II as heid o state.

Canada's offeicial leids is Inglis an French. The French is spak feckly in Quebec (or Québec in French). Its offeicial estimate o indwallers for 2013 is 35,158,300 [1]

Provinces an territories[eedit | eedit soorce]

A geopolitical map o Canadae, exhibitin its ten provinces an three territories

Canadae is a federation composed o ten provinces an three territories;


Provinces hae more autonomy than territories. Each hae its ain provincial o territorial symbols.

The provinces are responsible for maist o Canadae's social programs (sic as health care, eddication, an welfar an thegether collect mair revenue than the federal govrenment, an almaist unique structuir amang federations in the Yird. Uisin its spendin powers, the federal govrenment can stert national policies in provincial airts, sic as the Canada Health Act; the provinces can opt oot o these but rarelie dae sae in practice. Equalisation payments are made bi the federal govrenment tae ensure that reasonablie uniform standards o services and taxation are kept atween the richer and puirer provinces.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Canada's total population estimates, 2013". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 17 November 2013.