Newfoundland an Labrador/ˈnjuːfʊnlændændˈlæbrədɔːr/, local pronunciation/nuːfənˈlæn/ is the eastmaist province o Canadae. Situatit in the kintra's Atlantic region, it incorporates the island o Newfoundland an mainland Labrador (locatit Northwast o the island) wi a combined aurie o 405,212 square kilometres (156,500 sq mi). As o 2011, the province's population is 514,536. Approximately 94 percent o the province's population resides on the Island of Newfoundland (includin its associatit smawer islands), o which ower hauf live on the Avalon Peninsulae. The province is Canadae's maist linguistically homogenous, an 97.6% o residents reportit Inglis as their mither tongue in the 2006 census, housomeivver this is the unique local dialect, Newfoundland Inglis. Historically, Newfoundland wis hame tae unique varieties o French, an Erse an aw, as well as the Beothuk leid, aw nou extinct. In Labrador, local dialects o Innu-aimun an Inuktitut are spoken an aw.