Prince Edward Island

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Prince Edward Island
Île-du-Prince-Édouard (in French)
Banner o Prince Edward Island
Motto(s): Laitin: Parva sub ingenti
(The sma protectit bi the great)
Map o Canadae wi Prince Edward Island heichlichtit
Map o Canadae wi Prince Edward Island heichlichtit
Confederation 1 Julie 1873 (8t)
Capital Charlottetown
Lairgest ceety Charlottetown
Lairgest metro Charlottetown
 • Lieutenant Govrenor Frank Lewis
 • Premier Wade MacLauchlan (Liberal)
Legislatur Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island
Federal representation (in Canadian Pairlament)
Hoose seats 4 o 338 (1.2%)
Senate seats 4 o 105 (3.8%)
 • Total 5,660 km2 (2,190 sq mi)
 • Laund 5,660 km2 (2,190 sq mi)
 • Watter 0 km2 (0 sq mi)  0%
Aurie rank Rankit 13t
  0.1% o Canadae
Population (2011)
 • Tot 140,204 [2]
 • Rank Rankit 10t
 • Density 24.77/km2 (64.2/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Prince Edward Islander, Islander
Offeecial leids Inglis (de facto)
 • Rank 10t
 • Tot (2009) C$4.75 billion[3]
 • Per capita C$31,278 (13t)
Time zone UTC-4
Postal abbr. PE
Postal code prefix C
ISO 3166 code CA-PE
Flouer Pink Lady's Slipper
Tree Red Oak
Bird Blue Jay
Rankins include aw provinces an territories

Prince Edward Island (PEI or P.E.I.; French: Île-du-Prince-Édouard, pronounced [il dy pʁɛ̃s edwaːʁ], Micmac: Epekwitk, Scots Gaelic: Eilean_Eòin) is a Canadian province consistin o an island o the same name, as well as ither islands. The maritime province is the smawest in the naition in baith land aurie an population. The island haes a few ither names: "Garden o the Guwf" referrin tae the pastoral scenery an lush agricultural lands throughoot the province; an "Birthplace o Confederation", referrin tae the Charlottetown Conference in 1864, although PEI did no join the confederation till 1873, when it became the seivent Canadian province.

Accordin tae the 2011 census, the province o Prince Edward Island haes 140,204 residents. It is locatit approximately 200 km north o Halifax, Nova Scotia an 600 km east o Quebec Ceety. It consists of the main island plus 231 minor islands.[4] Altogether, the entire province has a land area of 5,685.73 km2 (2,195.27 sq mi).[2]

The main island is 5,620 km2 (2,170 sq mi) in size,[4] an is the 104t-lairgest island in the warld, an Canadae's 23rd-lairgest island.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The island wis namit for Prince Edward, Duke o Kent an Strathearn (1767–1820), the fowert son o Keeng George III an the faither o Queen Victoria.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. February 1, 2005. Retrieved August 5, 2012. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2012. 
  3. "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory". November 4, 2010. Retrieved February 23, 2011. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Natural Resources Canada (August 2009). "The Atlas of Canada - Sea Islands". Retrieved August 5, 2012.