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Coordinates: 52°N 20°E / 52°N 20°E / 52; 20

Republic o Poland

Rzeczpospolita Polska  (Pols)
Mazurek Dąbrowskiego
Poland Is Nae Yet Lost
Location o  Poland  (dark green) – on the European continent  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Poland  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Location o Poland
and largest city
52°13′N 21°02′E / 52.217°N 21.033°E / 52.217; 21.033
Offeecial leidsPols[1]
Minority leidsKashubian, German, Belaroushie, Ukrainian, Roushie, Rusyn, Czech, Slovak, Yiddish
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential republic
• Preses
Andrzej Duda
Donald Tusk
LegislaturNaitional Assembly
14 Apryle 966
18 Apryle 1025
1 Julie 1569
24 October 1795
22 Julie 1807
9 Juin 1815
11 November 1918
1 September 1939
8 Apryle 1945
13 September 1989
1 Mey 2004
• Total
312,679 km2 (120,726 sq mi)[a] (69th)
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
38,634,007[3] (34t)
• Density
123/km2 (318.6/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$1.114 trillion[4] (21st)
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$482.920 billion[4] (23rd)
• Per capita
Gini (2014)positive decrease 32.08[5]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.855[6]
verra heich · 36t
CurrencyPols złoty (PLN)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+48
ISO 3166 codePL
Internet TLD.pl
  1. ^a The aurie o Poland, as gien bi the Central Statistical Office, is 312,679 km2 (120,726 sq mi), o that 311,888 km2 (120,421 sq mi) is laund an 791 km2 (305 sq mi) is internal watter surface aurie.[7]
  2. ^b The adoption o Christianity in Poland is seen bi mony Poles, regairdless o thair releegious affiliation or lack thareo, as ane o the maist signeeficant events in thair kintra's history, as it wis uised tae unifee the tribes in the region.[8]
Territorial organization

The Republic o Poland (Pols: Rzeczpospolita Polska), for ordinar kent juist as Poland (Polska), is a kintra in central/aestren Europe. It mairches ontae the Baltic Sea tae the north, alang wi the Kaliningrad Oblast o Roushie. Lithuanie mairches tae the nor-aest, Beloroushae tae the aest, Ukraine tae the sooth-aest, Slovakie an Czechie tae the sooth, an Germany tae the wast.

The haill area o Poland is 312,679 km², makkin it the 69t lairgest kintra i the warld and 7t in Europe. Poland's population is mair nor 38.5 million, concentratit mainly around the ceities.

The first Pols state wis stertit i 966, in a territory similar tae the present area o Poland. Poland becam a kinrick i 1025, an i 1569 it cementit a lang associe wi the Grand Duchy o Lithuania by unitin ti form the Polish-Lithuanian Commonweal. The Commonweal collapsed i 1795. Poland regained its independence i 1918 eftir the Furst Warld War bit tint it aince mair i the Saicont Warld War, bein occupied bi Nazi Germany an the Soviet Union, an emergin eftir as a communist kintra in the Eastern Block under the control o the Soviet Union. I 1989, communist rule wis owerthrawn an Poland becam whit is informally kent as the "Third Polish Republic". Poland is the 33rd maist populous kintra in the warld. Poland is a unitary state made up o saxteen voivodeships (Polish: województwo). Poland is a memmer o the European Union, NATO, and OECD anaw.

Ceeties o Poland

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  1. Constitution o the Republic ofPoland, Airticle 27.
  2. "Wyniki Narodowego Spisu Powszechnego Ludności i Mieszkań 2011" [Results of the National Census of Population and Housing 2011] (PDF). Central Statistical Office (in Polls). Mairch 2012. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 16 Januar 2013. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  3. Central Stateestical Office data http://countrymeters.info/en/Poland
  4. a b "5. Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 8 Mey 2017.
  5. "GINI Index for Poland". 17 October 2016. Retrieved 25 Apryle 2017. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  7. "Concise Statistical Yearbook of Poland, 2008" (PDF). Central Statistical Office (Poland). 28 Julie 2008. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 28 October 2008. Retrieved 12 August 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  8. Disruptive Religion: The Force of Faith in Social-movement Activism. Books.google.com. Retrieved 9 September 2013.