Soviet Union

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Union o Soviet Socialist Republics
Ither names
Союз Советских Социалистических Республик
Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik




Banner State Emblem
Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь!
(Translit.: Proletarii vsekh stran, soyedinyaytes'!)
Scots: Wirkers o the warld, unite!
"The Internationale" (1922–1994)
"Naitional Anthem o the Soviet Union"
The Soviet Union efter Warld War II
Caipital Moscow
Leids Russian, mony ithers
Releegion State atheism[2] (see text)
Government Marxist–Leninist single-pairty state
General Secretary
 -  1922–1952 Joseph Stalin (first)
 -  1991 Vladimir Ivashko (last)
Heid o State
 -  1922–1938 Mikhail Kalinin (first)
 -  1988–1991 Mikhail Gorbachev (last)
Heid o Govrenment
 -  1922–1924 Vladimir Lenin (first)
 -  1991 Ivan Silayev (last)
Legislatur Supreme Soviet
 -  Upper hoose Soviet o the Union
 -  Lawer hoose Soviet o Naitionalities
Historical era Interwar stoond (en) / World War II / Cauld War
 -  Treaty o Creation 30 Dizember 1922
 -  Union dissolvit 26 Dizember 1991[1]
 -  1991 22,402,200 km² (8,649,538 sq mi)
 -  1991 est. 293,047,571 
     Density 13.1 /km²  (33.9 /sq mi)
Siller Soviet ruble (руб) (SUR)
Internet TLD .su2
Cawin code +7
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Roushie Soviet Federal Socialist Republic
Transcaucasie Socialist Federal Socialist Republic
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic
Byeloroushie Soviet Socialist Republic
1On 21 December 1991, eleiven o the umwhile socialist republics declared in Alma-Ata (wi the 12t republic – Georgie – attendin as a observer) that wi the formation o the Commonwalth o Unthirlt States the Union o Soviet Socialist Republics ceases tae exist.

2Assigned on 19 September 1990, existin onwairds.
3The govrenments o Estonie, Latvie, an Lithuanie view thaimsels as continuous an unrelatit tae the respective Soviet republics.
Roushie views the Estonie, Latvie, an Lithuanie SSRs as legal constituent republics o the USSR an predecessors o the modren Baltic states.
The Govrenment o the Unitit States an a nummer o ither kintras didna recognise the annexation o Estonie, Latvie, an Lithuanie tae the USSR as a legal inclusion.

The Soviet Union (whiles spelt in Scots "Sovyet Union"), formally the Union o Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (Roushie: Союз Советских Социалистических Республик, СССР; Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik) wis a Marxist-Leninist kintra[3][4][5][6] in Eurasie. It wis shapit in 1922, efter the Roushie Revolution o 1917; its first leader wis Vladimir Lenin. It wis a confederation o 15 consteetuent republics, the biggest o thaim bein Roushie. The Union, alang wi the rule o the Communist Pairty, fell apairt in 1991, efter a series o reforms stairtit by Mikhail Gorbachev.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Declaration № 142-Н (Roushie) o the Soviet o the Republics o the Supreme Soviet o the Soviet Union, formally establishin the dissolution o the Soviet Union as a state an subject o internaitional law.
  2. 73 Years of State Atheism in the Soviet Union, ended amid collapse in 1990
  3. Historical Dictionary of Socialism. James C. Docherty, Peter Lamb. Page 85. "The Soviet Union was a one-party Marxist-Leninist state.".
  4. Ideology, Interests, and Identity. Stephen H. Hanson. Page 14. "the USSR was officially a Marxist-Leninist state"
  5. The Fine Line between the Enforcement of Human Rights Agreements and the Violation of National Sovereignty: The Case of Soviet Dissidents. Jennifer Noe Pahre. Page 336. "... the Soviet Union, as a Marxist-Leninist state ...". Page 348. "The Soviet Union is a Marxist–Leninist state."
  6. Leninist National Policy: Solution to the "National Question"?. Walker Connor. Page 31. "... four Marxist-Leninist states (the Soviet Union, China, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia)..."