Tajikistan

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Republic o Tajikistan
Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон
Jumhurii Tojikiston
Banner o Tajikistan
Emblem o Tajikistan
Banner Emblem
Naitional motto:
LocationTajikistan.svg
Offeecial leid Tajik
Caipital Dushanbe
Lairgest ceety caipital
Govrenment

Heid o State -
Prime Meenister -

Unitary semi-presidential republic

Preses Emomalii Rahmon


Oqil Oqilov

Area 143,100 km2
55,251 sq mi
Population 7,349,145
Foondin 1 September 1991
Siller Somoni
Time zone UTC+5
Naitional anthem Surudi Milli
Naitional flouer
Patron saunt
Internet TLD .tj
Cawin code 992

Tajikistan (pronounced /təˈdʒɪkɨstæn/ or /təˈdʒiːkɨstæn/; Тоҷикистон [ˈtɔd​ʒikɪsˈtɔn]), offeecially the Republic o Tajikistan (Tajik: Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон, Jumhurii Tojikiston; Roushie: Республика Таджикистан‎, Respublika Tadzhikistan; Persian: جمهوری تاجیکستان Jomhuri-ye Tajikestan), is a mountainous landlocked kintra in Central Asie. Afghanistan borders it tae the sooth, Uzbekistan tae the west, Kyrgyzstan tae the north, an Fowkrepublic o Cheenae tae the east. Tajikistan an aa lies adjacent tae Pakistan an the Gilgit-Baltistan region, separatit bi the narrow Wakhan Corridor.

Maist o Tajikistan's population belangs tae the Persian-speakin Tajik ethnic group, who share leid, cultur an history wi Afghanistan an Iran. Ance part o the Samanid Empire, Tajikistan became a constituent republic o the Soviet Union in the 20t century, kent as the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic (Tajik SSR). Mountains cover ower 90% o this Central Asian republic.

Efter independence, Tajikistan suffered frae a devastatin civil war which lastit frae 1992 tae 1997. Since the end o the war, newly establisht politeecal stability an foreign aid hae allawed the kintra's economy tae grow. Trade in commodities such as cotton an aluminium haes contributit greatly tae this steady improvement.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Provinces o Tajikistan

Tajikistan consists o 4 admeenistrative diveesions. These are the provinces (viloyat) o Sughd an Khatlon, the autonomous province o Gorno-Badakhshan (abbreviated as GBAO), an the Region o Republican Subordination (RRP – Raiony Respublikanskogo Podchineniya in transliteration frae Roushie or NTJ – Ноҳияҳои тобеи ҷумҳурӣ in Tajik; umwhile kent as Karotegin Province). Each region is dividit intae several destricts (Tajik: Ноҳия, nohiya or raion), which in turn are subdividit intae jamoats (veelage-level sel-govrenin units) an then veelages (qyshloqs). As o 2006, there wur 58 destricts an 367 jamoats in Tajikistan.[1]

Diveesion ISO 3166-2 Caipital Aurie (km²) Pop (2008)
Sughd TJ-SU Khujand 25,400 2,132,100
Region o Republican Subordination TJ-RR Dushanbe 28,600 1,606,900
Khatlon TJ-KT Qurghonteppa  24,800 2,579,300
Gorno-Badakhshan TJ-BG Khorugh 64,200 218,000

Source: Population an aurie frae State Statistical Committee o Tajikistan.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Population of the Republic of Tajikistan as of 1 January 2008, State Statistical Committee, Dushanbe, 2008 (Roushie)