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Republic o Uzbekistan

Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi
Ўзбекистон Республикаси
Oʻzbekiston Jumhuriyati
Ўзбекистон Жумҳурияти
Location o Uzbekistan
and largest city
41°16′N 69°13′E / 41.267°N 69.217°E / 41.267; 69.217
Offeecial leidsUzbek
Recognised regional leidsKarakalpak
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitary presidential republic
• Preses
Shavkat Mirziyoyev
Abdulla Aripov
LegislaturSupreme Assembly
Legislative Chamber
Unthirldom frae the Soviet Union
• Formation
• Uzbek SSR
27 October 1924
• Declared
1 September 1991
• Recognized
8 December 1991
• Completit
25 December 1991
• Total
448,978 km2 (173,351 sq mi) (56t)
• Water (%)
• 2013 estimate
30,183,400[2][3] (41st)
• Density
61.4/km2 (159.0/sq mi) (136t)
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
• Total
$123.577 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
• Tot
$61.720 billion[4]
• Per capita
Gini (2003)negative increase 36.8
medium · 95t
HDI (2013)Increase 0.654[5]
medium · 114nt
CurrencyUzbekistan som (O'zbekiston so'mi) (UZS)
Time zoneUTC+5 (UZT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+5 (nae observed)
Drivin sidericht
Cawin code+998
ISO 3166 codeUZ
  1. Offeecial Uzbek statistics.[citation needit]
  2. As the Emirate o Bukhara, Kokand Khanate, an Khwarezm.

Uzbekistan, offeecially the Republic o Uzbekistan (Uzbek:O‘zbekiston Respublikasi or Ўзбекистон Республикаси) is ane o the sax independent Turkic states. It is a doubly landlocked kintra in Central Asie, Umwhilie pairt o the Soviet Union. It shares borders wi Kazakhstan tae the wast an tae the north, Kyrgyzstan an Tajikistan tae the east, an Afghanistan an Turkmenistan tae the sooth.

Ance pairt o the Persie Samanid an later Timurid empires, the region wis conquered in the early 16t century bi Uzbek nomads, who spoke an Eastren Turkic leid. Maist o Uzbekistan’s population the day belang tae the Uzbek ethnic group an speak the Uzbek leid, ane o the faimily o Turkic leids.

Uzbekistan wis incorporatit intae the Roushie Empire in the 19t century an in 1924 became a constituent republic o the Soviet Union, kent as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (Uzbek SSR). It haes been an independent republic syne December 1991.

Uzbekistan's economy relies mainly on commodity production, includin cotton, gold, uranium, potassium, an natural gas. Despite the declared objective o transition tae a market economy, Uzbekistan continues tae maintain rigid economic controls, which aften repel foreign investors. The policy o gradual, strictly controlled transition haes nivertheless produced beneficial results in the form o economic recovery efter 1995. Uzbekistan's domestic policies on human richts an individual freedoms are aften criticised bi internaitional organisations. In Uzbekistan aboot 45% o the population live on less nor US$1.25 per day.

Provinces an district[eedit | eedit soorce]

Uzbekistan is dividit intae twal provinces (viloyatlar, singular viloyat, compund noun viloyati e.g., Toshkent viloyati, Samarqand viloyati, etc.), ane autonomous republic (respublika, compund noun respublikasi e.g. Qaraqalpaqstan Avtonom Respublikasi, Karakalpakistan Autonomous Republic, etc.), an ane independent ceety (shahar. compund noun shahri, e.g., Toshkent shahri).

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "CIA – The World Factbook". Archived frae the original on 9 Julie 2016. Retrieved 28 Januar 2011.
  2. "Official population 5 September 2013" (in Russian). 5 September 2013. Archived frae the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  3. "Численность населения Узбекистана превысила 30 млн. человек" (in Russian). 5 September 2013. Archived frae the original on 18 September 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2013.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  4. a b c Uzbekistan reports. International Monetary Fund
  5. "Human Development Report 2013" (PDF). United Nations. 2013. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 21 November 2010. Retrieved 16 Apryle 2014.