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Banner o Turkmenistan
Emblem o Turkmenistan
Banner Emblem
Naitional motto:
Offeecial leid Turkmen
Caipital Ashgabat
Lairgest ceety caipital

Heid o State -

Presidential republic Single-party state

Preses Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov

Area 488,100 km2
188,456 sq mi
Population 5,110,000
Foondin Frae the Soviet Union
27 October 1991
recognised 25 December 1991
Siller Manat
Time zone UTC+5
Naitional anthem Independent, Neutral, Turkmenistan State Anthem
Naitional flouer
Patron saunt
Internet TLD .tm
Cawin code 993

The Turkmenistan (Turkmen:Türkmenistan), an aa kent as Turkmenia (Roushie:Туркмения) is ane o the Turkic states in Central Asie. Till 1991, it wis a constituent republic o the Soviet Union, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkmen SSR). Turkmenistan is ane o the sax independent Turkic states. It is bordered bi Afghanistan tae the sootheast, Iran tae the sooth an soothwast, Uzbekistan tae the east an northeast, Kazakhstan tae the north an northwast an the Caspian Sea tae the wast.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Provinces o Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan is dividit intae five provinces or welayatlar (singular welayat) an ane caipital ceety destrict. The provinces are subdividit intae destricts (etraplar, sing. etrap), which mey be either coonties or ceeties. Accordin tae the Constitution o Turkmenistan (Airticle 16 in the 2008 Constitution, Airticle 47 in the 1992 Constitution), some ceeties mey hae the status o welaýat (province) or etrap (destrict).