Xinjiang

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Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region

新疆维吾尔自治区
Name transcription(s)
 • Cheenese新疆维吾尔自治区 (Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ěr Zìzhìqū)
 • Abbreviation新 (pinyin: Xīn)
Uyghur transcription(s)
 • شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى‎Shinjang Uyghur Aptonom Rayoni
Map shawin the location o Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
Map shawin the location o Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
Named for新 xīn – new
疆 jiāng – frontier
"new frontier"
CaipitalÜrümqi
Lairgest ceetyÜrümqi
Divisions14 prefecturs, 99 coonties, 1005 tounships
Govrenment
 • SecretarZhang Chunxian (张春贤)
 • GovrenorNur Bekri (نۇر بەكرى or 努尔•白克力)
Area
 • Total1660001 km2 (640,930 sq mi)
Area rank1st
Population
 (2010)
 • Total21,813,334
 • Rank25t
 • Density13/km2 (34/sq mi)
 • Density rank29t
Demographics
 • Ethnic composeetionUyghur – 45%
Han – 41%
Kazakh – 7%
Hui – 5%
Kyrgyz – 0.9%
Mongols – 0.8%
Dongxiang – 0.3%
Pamiris – 0.2%
Xibe – 0.2%
 • Leids an dialectsMainly Mandarin an Uyghur, an aw Mongolie an ither 41 languages
ISO 3166 codeCN-65
GDP (2010)CNY 541.2 billion
US$ 80.04 billion (25t)
 • per capitaCNY 25,034
US$ 3,698 (19t)
HDI (2008)0.774 (medium) (21st)
Websitehttp://www.xinjiang.gov.cn (Various languages)

Xinjiang (Uyghur: شىنجاڭ‎, ULY: Shinjang; Mandarin pronunciation: [ɕíntɕjɑ́ŋ]; Cheenese: 新疆; pinyin: Xīnjiāng; Wade–Giles: Hsin1-chiang1; Postal map spelling: Sinkiang) is an autonomous region (Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region[2]) o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae. It is the lairgest Cheenese admeenistrative diveesion an spans ower 1.6 million km2. Xinjiang borders Roushie, Mongolie, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan an Indie, haes abundant ile reserves an is Cheenae's lairgest natural gas-producin region.

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Footnotes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Does not include any territory disputed with India or Pakistan
  2. Xinjang Uyĝur Aptonom Rayoni in SASM/GNC romanization

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