Xinjiang

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Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
新疆维吾尔自治区
Autonomous region
Name transcription(s)
 • Cheenese 新疆维吾尔自治区 (Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ěr Zìzhìqū)
 • Abbreviation 新 (pinyin: Xīn)
Uyghur transcription(s)
 • شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى‎ Shinjang Uyghur Aptonom Rayoni
Map shawin the location o Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
Map shawin the location o Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
Named for 新 xīn – new
疆 jiāng – frontier
"new frontier"
Caipital Ürümqi
Lairgest ceety Ürümqi
Divisions 14 prefecturs, 99 coonties, 1005 tounships
Govrenment
 • Secretar Zhang Chunxian (张春贤)
 • Govrenor Nur Bekri (نۇر بەكرى or 努尔•白克力)
Aurie
 • Total 1,660,001 km2 (640,930 sq mi)
Aurie rank 1st
Population (2010)
 • Tot 21,813,334
 • Rank 25t
 • Density 13/km2 (34/sq mi)
 • Density rank 29t
Demographics
 • Ethnic composeetion Uyghur – 45%
Han – 41%
Kazakh – 7%
Hui – 5%
Kyrgyz – 0.9%
Mongols – 0.8%
Dongxiang – 0.3%
Pamiris – 0.2%
Xibe – 0.2%
 • Leids an dialects Mainly Mandarin an Uyghur, an aw Mongolie an ither 41 languages
ISO 3166 code CN-65
GDP (2010) CNY 541.2 billion
US$ 80.04 billion (25t)
 • per capita CNY 25,034
US$ 3,698 (19t)
HDI (2008) 0.774 (medium) (21st)
Wabsteid http://www.xinjiang.gov.cn (Various languages)

Xinjiang (Uyghur: شىنجاڭ‎, ULY: Shinjang; Mandarin pronunciation: [ɕíntɕjɑ́ŋ]; Cheenese: 新疆; pinyin: Xīnjiāng; Wade–Giles: Hsin1-chiang1; Postal map spelling: Sinkiang) is an autonomous region (Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region[2]) o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae. It is the lairgest Cheenese admeenistrative diveesion an spans ower 1.6 million km2. Xinjiang borders Roushie, Mongolie, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan an Indie, haes abundant ile reserves an is Cheenae's lairgest natural gas-producin region.

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  1. Does not include any territory disputed with India or Pakistan
  2. Xinjang Uyĝur Aptonom Rayoni in SASM/GNC romanization

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