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Taiwan Province, Fowkrepublic o Cheenae

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Taiwan Province,
Fowkrepublic o Cheenae (claimit)

Name transcription(s)
 • Cheenese台湾省 (Táiwān shěng)
 • Abbreviation (pinyin: Tái)
 •  Min Nan Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-oân-séng
Hakka Romanization: Thòi-vàn-sén
Map shawin the location o Taiwan Province, Fowkrepublic o Cheenae (claimit)
Map shawin the location o Taiwan Province,
Fowkrepublic o Cheenae (claimit)
Named forSee Taiwan
(an lairgest ceety)
Divisions2 prefecturs, 21 coonties, — tounships
 • SecretarSee Representation
 • GovrenorSee Representation
 • Total35581 km2 (13,738 sq mi)
Area rankn/a
 • Total23,140,000[1]
 • Rankn/a
 • Density rankn/a
 • Ethnic composeetionHan - 98%
Gaoshan (Taiwanese aborigines) - 2%
ISO 3166 codeCN-71
GDP (2009)CNY
US$735.997 billion (4)
 • per capitaCNY
US$16,391 (1)
HDI (n/a)n/a (n/a) ()

"Taiwan Province" (simplifeed Cheenese: 台湾省; traditeeonal Cheenese: 臺灣省 or 台灣省; pinyin: Táiwān shěng) is a term an poleetical designation uised bi the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae (PRC) for Taiwan an associated islets[citation needit] tae portray Taiwan as its awn province an pairt o its naitional territory.

In contrast wi the Taiwan Province o the Republic o Cheenae, which excludes several direct-controlled municipalities on the island o Taiwan, the aurie claimit bi the PRC as its Taiwan Province includes the entire island o Taiwan an its surroondin islets, includin the Penghu islands, unner admeenistration o the Republic o Cheenae (ROC). Tharefore, the PRC haes nae actual control o the territory an "Taiwan Province, PRC" anerlie exists unner PRC's offeecial govrenment admeenistrative structur. It is aften referred tae as "Taiwan, Cheenae" bi PRC media for short but as a means tae portray Taiwan as being unner its sovereignty an aw. In practice, syne nae actual Taiwan Province govrenment exists in PRC, the Taiwan Affairs Office o the State Cooncil taks its place.

The claimit Taiwan Province o the PRC does no include aw the landmasses unner ROC's admeenistration. These islands, namely, Kinmen, the Matsu Islands an Wuciou, as well the Pratas Islands, an Itu Aba, are claimit bi the PRC as pairt o its Fujian, Guangdong, an Hainan provinces, respectively.

The poleetical status o Taiwan is complex an the area haes niver been controlled by the PRC. Taiwan haes been controlled bi the ROC syne 1945. The PRC considers itsel as the successor state an the sole legitimate authority o Cheenae against the ROC upon its foondin in 1949, an regards Taiwan as a pairt o an "indivisible Cheenae".

Representation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Although PRC does no control Taiwan, it still elects thirteen "delegates" tae the Naitional Fowkcongress tae represent Taiwan Province. These delegates hae been o Hokkien an Holo ancestry whose ancestors wur in Taiwan at some point, an are electit bi a constituency comprisin fowk wi Taiwanese ancestry, no bi present residents o Taiwan. As the aulder memmers retire or dee, newer memmers tend tae be born in mainland Cheenae.

There is nae govrenor o the province syne the province doesna actually exist. Instead, the Taiwan Affairs Office o the State Cooncil handles issues dealin wi Taiwan, such as handlin o visas an travel documents for Cheenese citizens who wish tae travel tae Taiwan.

See also[eedit | eedit soorce]

Further readin[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Bush, R. & O'Hanlon, M. (2007). A War Like No Other: The Truth About China's Challenge to America. Wiley. ISBN 0-471-98677-1
  • Bush, R. (2006). Untying the Knot: Making Peace in the Taiwan Strait. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 0-8157-1290-1
  • Carpenter, T. (2006). America's Coming War with China: A Collision Course over Taiwan. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1-4039-6841-1
  • Cole, B. (2006). Taiwan's Security: History and Prospects. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-36581-3
  • Copper, J. (2006). Playing with Fire: The Looming War with China over Taiwan. Praeger Security International General Interest. ISBN 0-275-98888-0
  • Federation of American Scientists et al. (2006). Chinese Nuclear Forces and U.S. Nuclear War Planning
  • Gill, B. (2007). Rising Star: China's New Security Diplomacy. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 0-8157-3146-9
  • Shirk, S. (2007). China: Fragile Superpower: How China's Internal Politics Could Derail Its Peaceful Rise. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-530609-0
  • Tsang, S. (2006). If China Attacks Taiwan: Military Strategy, Politics and Economics. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-40785-0
  • Tucker, N.B. (2005). Dangerous Strait: the U.S.-Taiwan-China Crisis. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-13564-5

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 中華民國統計資訊網(專業人士) (Note that the figur for Taiwan Province (includin Taipei an Kaohsiung municipalities) is obtained bi subtractin the Taiwanese naitional population bi the Fujian, ROC provincial population.)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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