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Municipality o Tianjin • 天津市
Clockwise frae top:Jinwan Square, Tianjin Financial Center an Hai River, Xikai Church, Panorama o dountoun Tianjin, Tianjin Railroad Station, Tianjin Eye Park
Clockwise frae top:Jinwan Square, Tianjin Financial Center an Hai River, Xikai Church, Panorama o dountoun Tianjin, Tianjin Railroad Station, Tianjin Eye Park
Location o Tianjin Municipality athin Cheenae
Location o Tianjin Municipality athin Cheenae
Coordinates: 39°08′N 117°11′E / 39.133°N 117.183°E / 39.133; 117.183Coordinates: 39°08′N 117°11′E / 39.133°N 117.183°E / 39.133; 117.183
KintraFowkrepublic o Cheenae
Settledca. 340 BC
 - Coonty-level
 - Tounship-

13 destricts, 3 coonties
240 touns an veelages
 • TeepMunicipality
 • CPC Ctte SecretaryLi Hongzhong, Chen Min'er
 • MayorHuang Xingguo, Liao Guoxun, Zhang Gong
 • Municipality11760 km2 (4,540 sq mi)
 • Urban
174.9 km2 (67.5 sq mi)
 • Metro
5606.9 km2 (2,164.8 sq mi)
 (2012 census)
 • Municipality14,131,500
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+8 (Cheenae Staundart time)
Postal code
300000 – 301900
Area code(s)22
 - TotalCNY 1119.0 billion
(USD 177.6 billion) (20t)
 - Per caipitaCNY 84,337
(USD 13,058) (1st)
HDI (2008)0.875 (3rd) – high
Licence plate prefixes津A, B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M
津E (taxis)
Ceety flouerCheenese rose
Website(in Cheenese) www.tj.gov.cn
(in Inglis) www.tj.gov.cn/english
Hanyu PinyinTiānjīn
Aboot this soond[Listen] 
Leeteral meaninsky ferry

Aboot this soondTianjin  (Cheenese: 天津; pinyin: Tiānjīn; Wade–Giles: T'ien-chin; [tʰi̯ɛn˥˥ t͡ɕin˥˥]; Postal cairt spellin: Tientsin) is a metropolis in North Cheenae an ane o the five naitional central ceeties. It is govrened as a direct-controlled municipality, ane o fower sic designations, an is sicweys unner direct admeenistration o the central govrenment, an borders Hebei an Beijing, boondit tae the east bi the Bohai Guwf portion o the Yellae Sea. In terms o urban population, it is the saxt lairgest ceety o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae, an its urban land aurie ranks 5t in the naition, ae efter Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, an Shenzhen.

Tianjin's urban aurie is locatit alang the Hai He River, which connects tae the Yellow an Yangtze Rivers via the Grand Canal in Tianjin. Its ports, some distance away, are locatit on the Bohai Gulf in the Paceefic Ocean. Tianjin wis ance hame tae foreign concessions in the late Qing Dynasty an early Kuomintang (KMT) era. The municipality incorporates the coastal region o Tanggu, hame tae the Binhai New Auroe an the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Aurie (TEDA).

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tianjin is dividit intae 16 coonty-level diveesions, includin 13 destricts an three coonties.

In addeetion, the Tianjin Economic an Technological Development Aurie (TEDA) is no a formal level o admeenistration, but nivertheless enjoys richts seemilar tae a regular destrict.

Airport Industrial Pairk, Dongli Destrict

Thir destricts an coonties are further subdividit, as o December 31, 2004, intae 240 tounship-level diveesions, includin 120 touns, 18 tounships, 2 ethnic tounships an 100 subdestricts.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tianjin is twinned wi:

Ceety Kintra Sister ceety syne:
Japan Kobe Japan 24 Juin 1973
United States Philadelphia Unitit States 10 Februar 1980
United States Fitchburg, Massachusetts Unitit States 1980
United States Mobile Unitit States
United States Greenville, Sooth Carolina Unitit States
Israel Rishon LeZion Israel
Australie Melbourne Australie 5 Mey 1980
Japan Yokkaichi, Mie Japan 28 October 1980
Bosnie an Herzegovinae Sarajevo Bosnie an Herzegovinae 28 Mey 1981
Fraunce Nord-Pas-de-Calais Fraunce 10 October 1984
Italy Lombardy (Milan) Italy 9 Mey 1985
Netherlands Groningen Netherlands 12 September 1985
Japan Chiba Japan 7 Mey 1986
Georgie (kintra) Kutaisi Georgie 1987
Bulgarie Plovdiv Province Bulgarie 15 October 1989
Turkey İzmir Turkey 23 September 1991
Ivory Coast Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire 26 September 1992
Mongolie Ulan Bator Mongolie 27 September 1992
Ukraine Kharkiv Ukraine 14 Juin 1993
Swaden Jönköping Swaden 23 September 1993
Sooth Korea Incheon Sooth Korea 7 December 1993
Germany Saarland Germany 28 September 1994
Poland Łódź Poland 1 October 1994
Brazil Rio de Janeiro (state) Brazil 18 Aprile 1995
United States Dallas Unitit States 1995
United States Orange Coonty Unitit States 1 August 1997
Brazil Amazonas Brazil 20 October 1997
Vietnam Hai Phong Vietnam 8 Januar 1999
Finland Turku Finland 17 August 2000
United States Clarence, New York Unitit States 10 November 2001
Greece Thessaloniki Greece 4 Mairch 2002
North Korea Namp'o North Korea 11 August 2002
United States Hawaii Unitit States 1 November 2002
Indonesie East Java Indonesie 27 October 2003
United States Chicago Unitit States 2008
Cambodie Phnom Penh Cambodie 17 November 2008
North Korea Pyongyang North Korea 12 Mey 2009
Sooth Korea Busan Sooth Korea 2009
Sooth Korea Seoul Sooth Korea 2009
New Zealand Wellington New Zealand 22 Julie 2011