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Kharkiv (Харків)
Kharkov (Харьков)
Freedom Square
Freedom Square
Banner o Kharkiv (Харків) Kharkov (Харьков)
Coat o airms o Kharkiv (Харків) Kharkov (Харьков)
Coat o airms
Offeecial logo o Kharkiv (Харків) Kharkov (Харьков)
Nickname(s): The First Capital[1]
Map o Ukraine with Kharkiv highlighted
Map o Ukraine with Kharkiv highlighted
Coordinates: 50°0′16.11″N 36°13′53.21″E / 50.0044750°N 36.2314472°E / 50.0044750; 36.2314472Coordinates: 50°0′16.11″N 36°13′53.21″E / 50.0044750°N 36.2314472°E / 50.0044750; 36.2314472
Kintra  Ukraine
Oblast Kharkiv Oblast
Municipality Kharkiv Ceety Municipality
Foondit 1655-56[3]
 • Mayor Hennadiy Kernes[4]
 • City 350 km2 (140 sq mi)
Elevation 152 m (499 ft)
Population (1 October 2012)
 • Ceety 1,442,910[2]
 • Density 4,500/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,732,400
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Simmer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 61001—61499
Licence plate ХА, 21 (auld)
Sister ceeties Belgorod, Bologna, Cincinnati, Kaunas, Lille, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Nuremberg, Poznań, Saunt Petersburg, Tianjin, Jinan, Kutaisi, Varna, Rishon LeZion, Brno, Daugavpils

Kharkiv (Ukrainian: Харків, pronounced [ˈxɑrkiw];[5]) or Kharkov (Roushie: Харьков) is the seicont lairgest ceety in Ukraine.

Foondit in 1654, Kharkiv became the first ceety in Ukraine whaur the Soviet pouer wis proclaimed an Soviet government wis formed. Nou it is the admeenistrative centre o the Kharkiv oblast (province), as well as the admeenistrative centre o the surroondin Kharkivskyi Raion (destrict) athin the oblast. The ceety is locatit in the northeast o the kintra. As o 2006, its population is 1,461,300.[6]

Kharkiv is a major cultural, scienteefic, educational, transport an industrial centre o Ukraine, wi 60 scienteefic Institutes, 30 establishments o heicer eddication, 6 museums, 7 theatres an 80 libraries. Its industry specializes maistly in machinery. Thare are hunders o industrial companies in the ceety. Amang them are warld famous giants lik the Morozov Design Bureau an the Malyshev Tank Factory, leaders in tank production syne the 1930s; Khartron (aerospace an nuclear electronics); an the Turboatom turbines producer.

Thare is an unnergrund rapid-transit seestem (metro) wi aboot 38.1 km (24 mi) o track an 29 stations. A well-kent laundmerk o Kharkiv is the Freedom Square (Maidan Svobody umwhile kent as Dzerzhinsky Square), which is currently the saxt lairgest ceety square in Europe, an the 12t lairgest square in the warld.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns - Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kharkiv is currently twinned wi:[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Первая столица. АТН, 19 декабря 2002 г. (in Roushie)
  2. [1][deid airtin]
  3. Харьков. Great Soviet Encyclopedia. 
  4. Kharkiv mayor declares over Hr 6 million income for 2011, Kyiv Post (10 April 2012)
    FC Metalist President Kurchenko to invest in Kharkiv’s preparations for EuroBasket 2015, Interfax-Ukraine (8 April 2013)
  5. Kharkiv on Encyclopædia Britannica
  6. "Results / General results of the census / Number of cities". 2001 Ukrainian Census. Retrieved August 28, 2006. 
  7. "Sister cities of Kharkiv" (in Russian). Retrieved May 4, 2007. 
  8. "Brno - Partnerská města" (in Czech). © 2006-2009 City of Brno. Retrieved 2009-07-17.  Freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  9. "Lile Facts & Figures". Retrieved 2007-12-17. [deid airtin]
  10. "Poznań Official Website - Twin Towns". Flag of Poland.svg (in Polish) © 1998-2008 Urząd Miasta Poznania. Retrieved 2008-11-29.