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Kharkiv (Харків)
Kharkov (Харьков)
Banner o Kharkiv (Харків) Kharkov (Харьков)
Coat of airms o Kharkiv (Харків) Kharkov (Харьков)
Coat airms
Official logo of Kharkiv (Харків) Kharkov (Харьков)
The First Capital[1]
Kharkiv (Харків) Kharkov (Харьков) is located in Ukraine
Kharkiv (Харків) Kharkov (Харьков)
Kharkiv (Харків)
Kharkov (Харьков)
Map o Ukraine with Kharkiv highlighted
Coordinates: 50°0′16.11″N 36°13′53.21″E / 50.0044750°N 36.2314472°E / 50.0044750; 36.2314472Coordinates: 50°0′16.11″N 36°13′53.21″E / 50.0044750°N 36.2314472°E / 50.0044750; 36.2314472
Kintra Ukraine
OblastKharkiv Oblast
RaionKharkiv Raion
 • MayorIhor Terekhov
 • City350 km2 (140 sq mi)
152 m (499 ft)
 (1 October 2012)
 • City1,442,910[2]
 • Density4500/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Licence plateХА, 21 (auld)
Sister ceetiesBelgorod, Bologna, Cincinnati, Kaunas, Lille, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Nuremberg, Poznań, Saunt Petersburg, Tianjin, Jinan, Kutaisi, Varna, Rishon LeZion, Brno, Daugavpils

Kharkiv (Ukrainian: Харків, pronounced [ˈxɑrkiw];[4]) or Kharkov (Roushie: Харьков) is the seicont lairgest ceety in Ukraine.

Foondit in 1654, Kharkiv became the first ceety in Ukraine whaur the Soviet pouer wis proclaimed an Soviet government wis formed. Nou it is the admeenistrative centre o the Kharkiv oblast (province), as well as the admeenistrative centre o the surroondin Kharkivskyi Raion (destrict) athin the oblast. The ceety is locatit in the northeast o the kintra. As o 2006, its population is 1,461,300.[5]

Kharkiv is a major cultural, scienteefic, educational, transport an industrial centre o Ukraine, wi 60 scienteefic Institutes, 30 establishments o heicer eddication, 6 museums, 7 theatres an 80 libraries. Its industry specializes maistly in machinery. Thare are hunders o industrial companies in the ceety. Amang them are warld famous giants lik the Morozov Design Bureau an the Malyshev Tank Factory, leaders in tank production syne the 1930s; Khartron (aerospace an nuclear electronics); an the Turboatom turbines producer.

Thare is an unnergrund rapid-transit seestem (metro) wi aboot 38.1 km (24 mi) o track an 29 stations. A well-kent laundmerk o Kharkiv is the Freedom Square (Maidan Svobody umwhile kent as Dzerzhinsky Square), which is currently the saxt lairgest ceety square in Europe, an the 12t lairgest square in the warld.

Internaitional relations

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Twin touns - Sister ceeties

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Kharkiv is currently twinned wi:[6]


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  1. Первая столица[deid airtin]. АТН, 19 декабря 2002 г. (in Roushie)
  2. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 1 December 2012. Retrieved 7 Apryle 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. Харьков. Great Soviet Encyclopedia.
  4. Kharkiv on Encyclopædia Britannica
  5. "Results / General results of the census / Number of cities". 2001 Ukrainian Census. Archived frae the original on 9 Januar 2006. Retrieved 28 August 2006.
  6. "Sister cities of Kharkiv" (in Russian). Retrieved 4 Mey 2007.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  7. "Brno - Partnerská města" (in Czech). © 2006-2009 City of Brno. Archived frae the original on 23 Mey 2011. Retrieved 17 Julie 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  8. "Lile Facts & Figures". Mairie-Lille.fr. Archived frae the original on 10 Februar 2009. Retrieved 17 December 2007.
  9. "Poznań Official Website - Twin Towns". (in Polish) © 1998-2008 Urząd Miasta Poznania. Retrieved 29 November 2008.