Donetsk

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Donets'k (Донецьк)
Donetsk (Доне́цк)
Banner o Donets'k (Донецьк)Donetsk (Доне́цк)
Banner
Coat o airms o Donets'k (Донецьк)Donetsk (Доне́цк)
Coat o airms
Map o Ukraine wi Donetsk heichlichtit.
Map o Ukraine wi Donetsk heichlichtit.
Map o Donetsk's ceety center
Map o Donetsk's ceety center
Coordinates: 48°00′10″N 37°48′19″E / 48.00278°N 37.80528°E / 48.00278; 37.80528Coordinates: 48°00′10″N 37°48′19″E / 48.00278°N 37.80528°E / 48.00278; 37.80528
Kintra  Ukraine
Oblast  Donetsk Oblast
Raion Flag of Donetsk.svg Donetsk Municipality
Foondit 18691
Ceety richts 1917
Raions
Govrenment
 • Mayor Oleksandr Lukianchenko
Aurie
 • Ceety 358 km2 (138 sq mi)
Elevation 169 m (554 ft)
Population (1 Julie 2011)
 • Ceety 975,959
 • Density 2,700/km2 (7,100/sq mi)
 • Metro 2,009,700
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 83000 — 83497
Aurie code(s) +380 622, 623
Licence plate АН
Sister ceeties Bochum, Charleroi, Kutaisi, Pittsburgh, Sheffield, Taranto, Moscow, Vilnius
1 Donetsk wis foondit in 1869 as Yuzovka.
²The population o the metropolitan aurie is as o 2004.

Donetsk (Ukrainian: Донецьк Ukrainian pronunciation: [doˈnɛt͡sʲk], translit. Donets’k; Roushie: Доне́цк, translit. Donetsk; umwhile names: Yuzovka, Staline, Stalino, see an aa: Ceeties' alternative names), is a lairge ceety in eastren Ukraine on the Kalmius river. Admeenistratively, it is a centre o Donetsk Oblast, while historically, it is the unoffeecial caipital an lairgest ceety o the economic an cultural Donets Basin (Donbass) region.

The ceety wis foondit in 1869 bi a Welsh businessman, John Hughes, who constructit a steel plant an several coal mines in the region; the toun wis thus named Yuzovka (Юзовка) in recognition o his role in its foondin ("Yuz" bein a Roushie or Ukrainian approximation o Hughes). Durin Soviet times, the ceety's steel industry wis expandit.

In 1924 at the plenum Yuzovsky executive committee haed decidit tae rename the toun Yuzovka in Stalin. In 1924 the ceety became kent as Stalin (Сталiн). In 1929-1931 the toun wis renamed in Stalino (Сталино). In 1932 the ceety became the centre o Donetsk region. In 1961, durin the De-Stalinisation the ceety wis again renamed tae its modren name Donetsk[1] efter the Seversky Donets river.[2] In addition, some soorces state that the ceety wis briefly cawed Trotsk—efter Leon Trotsky—for a few months in 1923. The day, the ceety still remains an important industrial centre for coal an steel in Ukraine.

The ceety is currently hame tae twa major professional fitbaa teams in Ukraine: Shakhtar Donetsk an Metalurh Donetsk, baith o which currently play in the Ukrainian Premier League. Important attractions o the ceety include the Cathedral Transfiguration o Jesus, the Donetsk Naitional University, an ithers.

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Donetsk participates in internaitional toun twinnin schemes tae foster guid internaitional relations. Pairtners include:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. http://alldonetsk.info/en/history-city-donetsk The history of the city of Donetsk
  2. Из истории города [From the history of the city]. Official site of the Head of Donetsk City (in Roushie). 31 August 2004. Archived frae the original on 27 Januar 2007. Retrieved 7 Mey 2007.