|Fowkcommissar o Foreign Affairs o the RSFSR|
8 November 1917 – 13 Mairch 1918
|Precedit bi||Mikhail Tereshchenko|
|Succeeded by||Georgy Chicherin|
|Fowkcommissar o Militar an Naval Affairs o the Soviet Union|
29 August 1919 – 15 Januar 1925
|Precedit bi||Lev Kamenev|
|Succeeded by||Mikhail Frunze|
|Preses o the Petrograd Soviet|
8 October 1917 – 8 November 1917
|Born||Lev (Leiba) Davidovich Bronshtein
7 November 1879
near Yelizavetgrad, Kherson Governorate, Roushie Empire
|Poleetical pairty||RSDLP, SDPS, Communist Pairty o the Soviet Union, Left Opposition, IV International|
Leon Trotsky (Roushie: Лев Дави́дович Тро́цкий (help·info), Ukrainian: Лев Дави́дович Тро́цкий (Lev Davidovich Trotsky, an aa transliteratit Lyev, Trotski, Trotskij, Trockij an Trotzky); 7 November [O.S. 26 October] 1879 – 21 August 1940), born Lev Davidovich Bronstein (Roushie: Лев Дави́дович Бронштéйн), wis a Roushie Marxist revolutionary an theorist, Soviet politeecian, an the foonder an first leader o the Red Airmy.
Trotsky wis ane o the leaders o the Roushie October Revolution, seicont ae tae Vladimir Lenin. Durin the early days o the Soviet Union, he servit first as Fowkcommissar for Foreign Affairs an later as the foonder an commander o the Red Airmy an Fowkcommissar o War, he wis a major figure in the Bolshevik victory in the Roushie Civil War. He wis amang the first memmers o the Politburo an aw.
Efter leadin a failed struggle o the Left Opposition against the policies an rise o Joseph Stalin in the 1920s an the increasin role o bureaucracy in the Soviet Union, Trotsky wis successively remuivit frae pouer, expelled frae the Communist Pairty, deportit frae the Soviet Union an assassinatit on Stalin's orders. An early advocate o Red Airmy intervention against European fascism, Trotsky opposed Stalin's peace greements wi Adolf Hitler in the 1930s an aw.
As the heid o the Fowert Internaitional, Trotsky continued in exile tae oppose the Stalinist bureaucracy in the Soviet Union, an wis eventually assassinatit in Mexico, bi Ramón Mercader, a Soviet agent. Trotsky's ideas form the basis o Trotskyism, a major school o Marxist thocht that is opposed tae the theories o Stalinism.
Epilogue[eedit | eedit soorce]
Trotsky's hoose in Coyoacán wis preserved much as it wis on the day o the assassination an is the nou a museum run bi a board whilk includes his grandson Esteban Volkov. The current director o the museum is Carlos Ramirez Sandoval. Trotsky's grave is locatit in the gairden on the grunds. A new foundation (Internaitional Friends o the Leon Trotsky Museum) haes been organisit for tae raise siller tae further improve the Museum.
Trotsky wis rehabilitatit in 16 Juin 2001 on the basis o the decision o the General Prosecutor's Office.
Trotsky's grandson, Esteban Volkov, who lives in Mexico, is an active promoter o his grandfaither. Trotsky's great-granddochter, Mexican American Nora Volkow (Volkov's dochter), is currently heid o the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- See, for example, the letter publisht in the Internal Bulletin o the Communist League o Americae, no.11, 31 Mairch 1933 "Leon Trotsky: Germany and the USSR (1933)". Trotsky Internet Archive. Retrieved 2009-06-25.
- The murther weapon wis a hidden cut-doun ice axe, no an ice pick. Mony history an reference beuks hae ramfeeselt the twa. See Robert Conquest, The Great Terror: A Reassessment, Oxford University Press, 1991, ISBN 0-19-507132-8, p. 418 for a detailed account
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