Belgorod

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Belgorod
Белгород
Ceety
View o the central pairt o the ceety
View o the central pairt o the ceety
Banner o Belgorod
Banner
Coat o airms o Belgorod
Coat o airms
Location o Belgorod
Belgorod is locatit in Roushie
Belgorod
Belgorod
Location o Belgorod
Belgorod is locatit in Belgorod Oblast
Belgorod
Belgorod
Belgorod (Belgorod Oblast)
Coordinates: 50°36′N 36°36′E / 50.600°N 36.600°E / 50.600; 36.600Coordinates: 50°36′N 36°36′E / 50.600°N 36.600°E / 50.600; 36.600
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Belgorod Oblast
Foondit 1596[1]
Govrenment
 • Bouk Ceety Duma
 • Mayor Vasily Potryasayev
Aurie
 • Total 153.1 km2 (59.1 sq mi)
Elevation 130 m (430 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[2]
 • Tot 356,402
 • Rank 49t in 2010
 • Density 2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
 • Subordinatit tae ceety o oblast significance o Belgorod[3]
 • Caipital o Belgorod Oblast, ceety o oblast significance o Belgorod[3]
 • Urban okrug Belgorod Urban Okrug[4]
 • Caipital o Belgorod Urban Okrug[4]
Postal code(s)[5] 308000
Dialin code(s) +7 4722
Ceety Day August 5
Twin touns Wakefield, Kharkiv, Herne, Opole, Luhansk, Niš, Oryol, Sevastopol, Changchun, Yevpatoria, SumyEedit this on Wikidata
Wabsteid www.beladm.ru

Belgorod (Roushie: Белгород) is a ceety an the admeenistrative centre o Belgorod Oblast, Roushie, locatit on the Seversky Donets River juist 40 kilometers (25 mi) north o the Ukrainian border. Population: 356,402 (2010 Census);[2] 337,030 (2002 Census);[6] 300,408 (1989 Census).[7]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name Belgorod in Roushie literally means "a white ceety", name bein a compoond o "белый" (bely, "white, licht") an "город" (gorod, "toun, ceety"). The ceety wis thus namit efter the region bein rich in limestane. Etymologically, it corresponds tae ither Slavic ceety names o identical meanin: Belgrade, Białogard, Biograd, Bilhorod, Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi etc.

The dounset wis first mentioned in 1237, when it wis ravagit bi the hordes o Batu Khan. It is unclear whether this Belgorod wis locatit at the same place whaur the current ceety is. In 1596, it wis re-foondit bi the order o Feodor Ioannovich as ane o numerous forts set up tae defend Soothren borders frae the Crimean Tatars.[1]

Efter the Roushie border wis muivit further sooth, the fortress fell in disrepair an the toun wis assigned tae Kursk Govrenorate. Peter the Great visitit it on the eve o the Battle o Poltava, an a dragoon regiment wis stationed in the toun till 1917.

Ioasaph o Belgorod, an 18t century bishop, became widely veneratit as a miracle wirker an wis glorifeed as a saunt o the Roushie Orthodox Kirk in 1911.

It wis occupeed bi Nazi Germany on 25 October 1941. On 12 Julie 1943, durin the Battle o Kursk, the lairgest tank battle in warld history teuk place near Prokhorovka, an the ceety wis consequently leeberatit on 5 August 1943. The Belgorod Diorama is ane o the Warld War II monuments commemoratin the event.

Belgorod is an admeenistrative, industrial an cultural centre o Belgorod Oblast, established in 1954. The major educational centres o the ceety are Belgorod State University, Technological University, Agricultural Academy, Financial Academy.

Belgorod Drama Theater is namit efter ane o the famous 19t-century actors Mikhail Shchepkin who wis born in this region.

Admeenistrative an municipal status[eedit | eedit soorce]

Belgorod is the admeenistrative centre o the oblast. Athin the framewirk o admeenistrative diveesions, it is incorporatit as the ceety o oblast significance o Belgorod—an admeenistrative unit wi the status equal tae that o the destricts.[3] As a municipal diveesion, the ceety o oblast significance o Belgorod is incorporatit as Belgorod Urban Okrug.[4]

Ceety diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

For the admeenistrative purposes, Belgorod is dividit intae twa ceety okrugs:

  • Vostochny ("Eastren"), population: 141,844 (2010 Census)[2]
  • Zapadny ("Wastren"), population: 214,558 (2010 Census)[2]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Belgorod's climate is humid continental (Köppen climate classification Dfb) featurin cauld winters, wairm simmers an moderate precipitation.

Climate data for Belgorod
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) −4.8
(23.4)
−3.3
(26.1)
1.9
(35.4)
12.6
(54.7)
20.7
(69.3)
23.6
(74.5)
25.1
(77.2)
24.3
(75.7)
18.6
(65.5)
11.0
(51.8)
2.7
(36.9)
−1.8
(28.8)
10.9
(51.6)
Average law °C (°F) −11.1
(12.0)
−9.6
(14.7)
−4.9
(23.2)
3.2
(37.8)
9.4
(48.9)
12.6
(54.7)
14.3
(57.7)
13.3
(55.9)
8.4
(47.1)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
−6.9
(19.6)
2.4
(36.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 52
(2.0)
40
(1.6)
36
(1.4)
46
(1.8)
48
(1.9)
67
(2.6)
72
(2.8)
53
(2.1)
49
(1.9)
40
(1.6)
52
(2.0)
50
(2.0)
605
(23.7)
Average precipitation days 10 9 8 7 7 8 9 7 7 7 10 11 100
Source: World Meteorological Organisation (UN) [8]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Syne 1869, thare is an railwey connection atween Belgorod an Moscow.[9] Belgorod is servit bi the Belgorod Internaitional Airport (EGO).

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Belgorod is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 39. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Law #248
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Law #159
  5. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Roushie)
  6. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. "World Weather Information Service – Belgorod". United Nations. Retrieved 31 December 2010. 
  9. Train Station in Belgorod (in Roushie)

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Белгородская областная Дума. Закон №248 от 15 декабря 2008 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Белгородской области», в ред. Закона №318 от 18 декабря 2009 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Белгородской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Белгородской области"». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования за исключением положений, для которых предусмотрены иные сроки вступления в силу. Опубликован: "Белгородские известия", №219-220, 19 декабря 2008 г. (Belgorod Oblast Duma. Law #248 of December 15, 2008 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Belgorod Oblast, as amended by the Law #318 of December 18, 2009 On Amending the Law of Belgorod Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Belgorod Oblast". Effective as of 10 days after the day of the official publication; except for the portions for which other effective dates are specified.).
  • Белгородская областная Дума. Закон №159 от 20 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения, городского округа, муниципального района», в ред. Закона №179 от 26 февраля 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в статью 10 Закона Белгородской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения, городского округа, муниципального района"». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Белгородские известия", №218–220, 24 декабря 2004 г. (Belgorod Oblast Duma. Law #159 of December 20, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations and on Granting Them a Status of Urban, Rural Settlement, Urban Okrug, Municipal District, as amended by the Law #179 of February 26, 2013 On Amending Article 10 of the Law of Belgorod Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations and on Granting Them a Status of Urban, Rural Settlement, Urban Okrug, Municipal District". Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication.).

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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