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Köppen climate clessification

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Updated Köppen–Geiger climate cairt[1]

The Köppen climate clessification is ane o the maist widely uised climate clessification seestems. It wis first published bi Roushie German climatologist Wladimir Köppen in 1884, wi several later modifications bi Köppen himsel, notably in 1918 an 1936. Later, German climatologist Rudolf Geiger collaborated wi Köppen on chynges tae the clessification seestem, which is thus sometimes referred tae as the Köppen–Geiger climate clessification seestem. The seestem is based on the concept that native vegetation is the best expression o climate. Thus, climate zone boundaries hae been selectit wi vegetation distribution in mind. It combines average annual an monthly temperaturs an precipitation, an the saisonality o precipitation.[2]:200–1


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  1. Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link) (direct: Final Revised Paper)
  2. McKnight, Tom L; Hess, Darrel (2000). "Climate Zones and Types". Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-020263-0.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link)