Belgrade

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Belgrade

Београд

Beograd
Ceety
Banner o Belgrade
Banner
Coat of airms o Belgrade
Coat airms
Location athin Europe an Serbie
Location athin Europe an Serbie
Coordinates: 44°49′14″N 20°27′44″E / 44.82056°N 20.46222°E / 44.82056; 20.46222Coordinates: 44°49′14″N 20°27′44″E / 44.82056°N 20.46222°E / 44.82056; 20.46222
Kintra Serbie
DestrictCeety o Belgrade
Municipalities17
Establishmentbefore 279 BC (Singidunum)[2]
Govrenment
 • MayorDragan Đilas (DS)
 • Rulin pairtiesDS/G17+/SPS-PUPS/LDP
Area
 • Ceety359.96 km2 (138.98 sq mi)
 • Metro
3222.68 km2 (1,244.28 sq mi)
Elevation117 m (384 ft)
Population
 • Ceety1,166,763[1]
 • Rank1st
 • Density3,241/km2 (8,390/sq mi)
 • Urban
1233796[1]
 • Destrict
1659440[1]
 • Destrict density514/km2 (1,330/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
11000
Area code(s)(+381) 11
Caur platesBG
Websitewww.beograd.rs

Belgrade (Serbie: Београд, Beograd [bɛˈɔɡrad] ( listen)) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Serbie. The ceety lies at the confluence o the Sava an Danube rivers, whaur the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkans.[5] The urban aurie o the Ceety o Belgrade haes a population o 1.23 million, while ower 1.65 million fowk live within its admeenistrative leemits.[1] Its name in Serbian translates tae White ceety.

Belgrade's wider ceety aurie wis the birthplace o the lairgest prehistoric cultur o Europe, the Vinča cultur, as early as the 6t millennium BC.[6][7] In antiquity, the aurie o Belgrade wis inhabitit bi the Thraco-Dacian[8] tribe o Singi who wad gie the name tae the ceety efter a fortress wis foondit in the 3rd century BC bi the Celts, who named it Singidun (dun, fortress)[6] It wis awardit ceety richts bi the Romans[9] afore it wis permanently settled bi Serbs frae the 7t century onwards. As a strategic location, the ceety wis battled ower in 115 wars an razed tae the grund 44 times[10] syne the auncient period bi coontless airmies o the East an Wast. In medieval times, it wis in the possession o Byzantine, Frankish, Bulgarian, Hungarian an Serbian rulers. In 1521 Belgrade wis conquered bi the Ottomans an became the seat o the Pashaluk o Belgrade, as the principal ceety o Ottoman Europe[11] an amang the lairgest European ceeties.[12] Frequently passin frae Ottoman tae Austrian rule which saw destruction o maist o the ceety, the status o Serbian caipital wad be regained ae in 1841, efter the Serbian revolution. Northren Belgrade, tho, remained a Habsburg ootpost till the breakup o Austrick-Hungary in 1918. The unitit ceety then became the caipital o several incarnations o Yugoslavie, up tae 2006, when Serbie became an independent state again.

Belgrade haes the status o a separate territorial unit in Serbie, wi its awn autonomous ceety govrenment.[13] Its territory is dividit intae 17 municipalities, each haein its awn local cooncil.[14] It covers 3.6% o Serbie's territory, an 24% o the kintra's population lives in the ceety.[15] Belgrade is the central economic hub o Serbie, an the caipital o Serbian education an science.

Internaitional cooperation an honours[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thir are the offeecial sister ceeties o Belgrade:[16][17][18][19][20]

Kintra Ceety Year
Greece Corfu 2010
Unitit Kinrick Coventry 1957
United States Chicago 2005
Pakistan Lahore 2007
Slovenie Ljubljana 2010
Israel Tel Aviv 1990
Austrick Vienna 2003

Some o the ceety's municipalities are an aa twinned tae sma ceeties or destricts o ither big ceeties, for details see thair respective airticles.

Ither seemilar forms o cooperation an ceety friendship:

Kintra Ceety Date Form
Greece Athens 1966 Agreement on Friendship an Cooperation
Bosnie an Herzegovinae Banja Luka 2005 Agreement on Cooperation
Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Beijing 1980 Agreement on Cooperation[21]
Germany Berlin 1978 Agreement on Cooperation an Friendship
Germany Düsseldorf 2004 Agreement on Cooperation
Ukraine Kiev 2002 Agreement on Cooperation
Spain Madrid 2001 Agreement on Cooperation
Italy Milan 2000 Memorandum o Agreement, Ceety tae Ceety Programme
Roushie Moscow 2002 Programme o Cooperation
Italy Roum 1971 Agreement on Friendship an Cooperation
Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Shenzhen 2009 Agreement on Cooperation[22]
North Macedonie Skopje Juin, 2006 Agreement on Cooperation[23]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "2011 Census o Population, Hoosehaulds an Dwallins in the Republic o Serbie: Comparative Owerview o the Nummer o Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 an 2011, Data bi settlements" (PDF). Stateestical Office o Republic O Serbie, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 27 Juin 2014.
  2. "Ancient Period". City of Belgrade. 5 October 2000. Retrieved 16 November 2010.
  3. "Territory". City of Belgrade. Retrieved 6 Mey 2009.
  4. "Geographical position". City of Belgrade. Retrieved 10 Julie 2007.
  5. "City of Belgrade - Why invest in Belgrade?". Beograd.rs. Retrieved 11 October 2010.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Discover Belgrade". Official Website. Retrieved 5 Mey 2009.
  7. Tasic N, Srejovic D, Stojanovic B (1990). Vinca, Centre of the Neolithic culture of the Danubian region. Project Rastko - E-library of Serb Culture. Retrieved 5 Mey 2009. line feed character in |author= at position 9 (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link)
  8. [1][deid airtin]
  9. Rich, John (1992). The City in Late Antiquity. CRC Press. p. 113. ISBN 9780203130162. Retrieved 5 Mey 2009.
  10. Robert Nurden (22 Mairch 2009). "Belgrade haes risen frae the ashes tae become the Balkans' pairty ceety". London: Independent. Retrieved 5 Mey 2009.
  11. "The History of Belgrade". BelgradeNet Travel Guide. Retrieved 5 Mey 2009.
  12. "Turkish and Austrian Rule". Official website. Retrieved 5 Mey 2009.
  13. "Assembly of the City of Belgrade". Official website. Retrieved 10 Julie 2007.
  14. "Urban Municipalities". Official website. Retrieved 10 Julie 2007.
  15. "2005 Municipal indicators of Republic of Serbia". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 17 Mey 2007.
  16. "International Cooperation". Official website. Retrieved 10 Julie 2007.
  17. "Beograd: Međunarodni odnosi". Stalna konferencija gradova i opština Srbije. Archived frae the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 18 Juin 2007.
  18. "Council okays peace committees: Lahore and Chicago to be declared twin cities". The Post. 28 Januar 2007. Retrieved 16 Mey 2007.
  19. "Bratimljenje Beograda i Krfa". B92. Retrieved 25 Februar 2010.
  20. Gradonačelnici Beograda i Ljubljane potpisali sporazum o bratimljenju dva glavna grada
  21. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Retrieved 23 September 2008.
  22. "Saradnja Beograda i Šendžena". B92. Retrieved 11 Julie 2009.
  23. "City of Belgrade - International Cooperation". Beograd.rs. Retrieved 25 Januar 2010.