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[Villa de Madrid] error: {{lang}}: text has italic markup (help)
Fui sobre agua edificada,
mis muros de fuego son.
Esta es mi insignia y blasón
»] error: {{lang}}: text has italic markup (help)
("On watter I wis biggit,
my wa's is made o fire.
This is my enenyie an escutcheon")[1][2]
Madrid is located in Spain
Location o Madrid athin Spain
Coordinates: 40°23′N 3°43′W / 40.383°N 3.717°W / 40.383; -3.717Coordinates: 40°23′N 3°43′W / 40.383°N 3.717°W / 40.383; -3.717
RegionCommonty o Madrid
FoonditIX Century[3]
 • TeepMayor-council
 • BodiAyuntamiento de Madrid
 • MayorAna Botella (PP)
 • Ceety605.77 km2 (233.89 sq mi)
667 m (2,188 ft)
 • Ceety3,223,334
 • Density5,300/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
 • Urban
6,345,000 (2019)[5]
 • Metro
6,791,667 (2018)[4]
Demonym(s)Madrilenian, Madrilene
madrileño, -ña; matritense
gato, -a
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Area code(s)34 (Spain) + 91 (Madrid)
Patron SaintsIsidore the Laborer
Virgin o Almudena
Puerta de Alcalá, Madrid.

Madrid (pronoonced: “mah-DRID” or /məˈdrɪd/) is the caipital an mucklest ceety o Spain. The caipital uised tae be Valladolid till 1561.

Madrid is in the middle o Spain, in the Commonty o Madrid. This commonty is a muckle area whilk includes the ceety as weel as smaw touns an veelages ootwi the ceety. 7 million fowk stay in the commonty. Mair nor 3 million stay in the ceety itself. At 655 m (2,100 ft) abuin sea level, it is the heichest caipital o ony European kintra. It haes twa fitbaa teams cried Real Madrid an Atlético Madrid.

Madrid wis ruled bi the Romans frae the 2nt hunderyear. Efter 711AD, it wis ringit bi the Moors. Fae 1083, Catholic keengs ruled the aurie again. Bi the mid-16t hunderyear it haed acome the caipital o a vera muckle empire. Spain wis ruled bi monarchs frae the Hoose o Habsburg, then the Hoose o Bourbon. Efter the Spaingie Ceevil War, it wis ruled bi a dictator (Francisco Franco) til the mid-1970s whan it became a democracy.

As it is the caipital ceety, Madrid is whaur the monarch lives an whaur the govrenment meets an aw.

Madrid is the financial centre o Spain. Mony muckle businesses hae thair main offices thare.

Tho it is a modren ceety, a fair wheen o its history can be seen an felt as a bodie walks alang the streets an in the muckle squares o the ceety. Thare bonnie pairks, famous biggins, airt galleries an concert haws. The simmer months is vera het an the winter months is vera cauld.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pairtner ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Los fuegos que conmocionaron Madrid". 20minutos.es (in spanish). 6 September 2006. Retrieved 13 August 2008. More than one of |lang= and |language= specified (help)CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  2. D. Ramón de Mesonero Romanos (1881). Oficinas de la Ilustración Española y Americana (ed.). "El antiguo Madrid: paseos históricos-anecdóticos por las calles y casas de esta villa" (in Spainish). Archived frae the original on 23 Juin 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
  3. "La dominación árabe(Arab rule). The city of Mayrit, a fortress in its origin, was founded by the end of the IX century." (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 August 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  4. "Population on 1 January by age groups and sex - functional urban areas". Eurostat.
  5. "Demographia World Urban Areas" (PDF). Demographia. 2019.
  6. . Instituto Nacional de Estadística. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |1= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Madrid city council webpage "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas" Check |url= value (help). Ayuntamiento de Madrid.
  8. "International Relations: Special Partners". Mairie De Paris. Archived frae the original on 8 Februar 2007. Retrieved 26 Januar 2011.
  9. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Archived frae the original on 17 Januar 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2008.
  10. "Berlin's international city relations". Berlin Mayor's Office. Archived frae the original on 22 August 2008. Retrieved 1 Julie 2009.
  11. "NYC's Sister Cities". Sister City Program of the City of New York. 2006. Archived frae the original on 21 Mey 2008. Retrieved 1 September 2008.