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This airticle is aboot the caipital ceety o Spain. For the autonomous commonty, see Commonty o Madrid. For other uses, see Madrid (disambiguation).
Villa de Madrid
Banner o Madrid
Coat o airms o Madrid
Coat o airms
Motto(s): «Fui sobre agua edificada,
mis muros de fuego son.
Esta es mi insignia y blasón

("On watter I wis biggit,
my wa's is made o fire.
This is my enenyie an escutcheon")[1][2]
Madrid is locatit in Spain
Location o Madrid athin Spain
Coordinates: 40°23′N 3°43′W / 40.383°N 3.717°W / 40.383; -3.717Coordinates: 40°23′N 3°43′W / 40.383°N 3.717°W / 40.383; -3.717
Kintra Spain
Region Commonty o Madrid
Foondit IX Century[3]
 • Teep Mayor-council
 • Bouk Ayuntamiento de Madrid
 • Mayor Ana Botella (PP)
 • City 605.77 km2 (233.89 sq mi)
Elevation 667 m (2,188 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Ceety 3,165,235
 • Rank 1st
 • Density 5,390/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
 • Urban 6,183,000[5]
 • Metro 6,489,162[4]
Demonym(s) Madrilenian
madrileño (m) madrileña (f)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Simmer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 28001–28080
Aurie code(s) 34 (Spain) + 91 (Madrid)
Patron Saints Isidore the Laborer
Virgin o Almudena
Puerta de Alcalá, Madrid.

Madrid (pronoonced: “mah-DRID” or /məˈdrɪd/) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Spain. The caipital uised tae be Valladolid till 1561.

Madrid is in the middle o Spain, in the Commonty o Madrid. This commonty is a lairge aurie whilk includes the ceety as weel as smaw touns an veelages ootwi the ceety. 7 million fowk stay in the commonty. Mair than 3 million stay in the ceety itself. At 655 m (2,100 ft) abuin sea level, it is the heichest caipital o ony European kintra. It haes twa fitbaa teams cried Real Madrid an Atlético Madrid.

Madrid wis ruled bi the Romans frae the 2nt hunderyear. Efter 711AD, it wis ringit bi the Moors. Fae 1083, Catholic keengs ruled the aurie again. Bi the mid-16t hunderyear it haed acome the caipital o a vera lairge empire. Spain wis ruled bi monarchs frae the Hoose o Habsburg, then the Hoose o Bourbon. Efter the Spainyie Ceevil War, it wis ruled bi a dictator (Francisco Franco) til the mid-1970s whan it became a democracy.

As it is the caipital ceety, Madrid is whaur the monarch lives an whaur the govrenment meets an aw.

Madrid is the financial centre o Spain. Mony lairge businesses hae thair main offices thare.

Tho it is a modren ceety, a fair wheen o its history can be seen an felt as a bodie walks alang the streets an in the lairge squares o the ceety. Thare bonnie pairks, famous biggins, airt galleries an concert haws. The simmer months is vera het an the winter months is vera cauld.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pairtner ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Los fuegos que conmocionaron Madrid". (in spanish). 6 September 2006. Retrieved 13 August 2008.  (in Spaingie)
  2. D. Ramón de Mesonero Romanos (1881). Oficinas de la Ilustración Española y Americana, ed. "El antiguo Madrid: paseos históricos-anecdóticos por las calles y casas de esta villa". Retrieved 13 August 2008.  (in Spaingie)
  3. "La dominación árabe(Arab rule). The city of Mayrit, a fortress in its origin, was founded by the end of the IX century." (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  4. Population by sex and age groups - Eurostat, 2012
  5. World Urban Areas - Demographia, March 2013
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 Madrid city council webpage "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas" Check |url= value (help). Ayuntamiento de Madrid. 
  7. "International Relations: Special Partners". Mairie De Paris. 
  8. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Retrieved 23 September 2008. 
  9. "Berlin's international city relations". Berlin Mayor's Office. Retrieved 1 July 2009. [deid airtin]
  10. "NYC's Sister Cities". Sister City Program of the City of New York. 2006. Retrieved 1 September 2008.