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  • Bruxelles
  • Brussel
  • Brussels Caipital Region
  • Région de Bruxelles-Capitale
  • Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest
A collage wi several views o Brussels, Tap: View o the Northren Quarter business destrict, 2nt left: Floral carpet event in the Grand Place, 2nt richt: Brussels Ceety Haw an Mont des Arts aurie, 3rd: Cinquantenaire Pairk, 4t left: Manneken Pis, 4t middle: St. Michael an St. Gudula Cathedral, 4t richt: Congress Column, Bottom: Ryal Palace o Brussels
A collage wi several views o Brussels, Tap: View o the Northren Quarter business destrict, 2nt left: Floral carpet event in the Grand Place, 2nt richt: Brussels Ceety Haw an Mont des Arts aurie, 3rd: Cinquantenaire Pairk, 4t left: Manneken Pis, 4t middle: St. Michael an St. Gudula Cathedral, 4t richt: Congress Column, Bottom: Ryal Palace o Brussels
Caipital o Europe[1] Comic ceety[2][3]
Brussels is located in Belgium
Brussels is located in Europe
Coordinates: 50°51′N 4°21′E / 50.850°N 4.350°E / 50.850; 4.350Coordinates: 50°51′N 4°21′E / 50.850°N 4.350°E / 50.850; 4.350
Settledc. 580
Region18 June 1989
 • ExecutiveGovrenment o the Brussels-Caipital Region
 • Govrening parties (2014–19)PS, FDF, cdH; Open Vld, sp.a, CD&V
 • Meenister-PresesRudi Vervoort (PS)
 • LegislaturPairlament o the Brussels-Caipital Region
 • SpeakerCharles Picqué (PS)
 • Region/Ceety161.38 km2 (62.2 sq mi)
13 m (43 ft)
 (1 Januar 2019)[4]
 • Region/Ceety1,208,542
 • Density7442/km2 (19,270/sq mi)
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166

Brussels (French: Bruxelles, pronoonced [bʁysɛl] ( listen); Dutch: Brussel, pronoonced [ˈbrʏsəl] ( listen)), offeecially the Brussels Region or Brussels-Caipital Region[5][6] (French: Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Dutch: Aboot this soondBrussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest ), is the de facto caipital ceety o the European Union (EU) an the lairgest urban aurie in Belgium.[7][8] It comprises 19 municipalities, includin the City of Brussels proper, which is the constitutional caipital o Belgium, the seat o the French Community o Belgium an o the Flemish Community.[9]

Syne the end o the Seicont Warld War, Brussels haes been a main centre for internaitional politics. Hostin principal EU institutions[10] as well as the heidquarters o the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the ceety haes become the polyglot hame o numerous internaitional organisations, politeecians, diplomats an ceevil servants.[11]

Municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 19 municipalities of the Brussels-Capital Region
  1. Anderlecht
  2. Auderghem/Oudergem
  3. Berchem-Sainte-Agathe/Sint-Agatha-Berchem
  4. Ceety o Brussels
  5. Etterbeek
  6. Evere
  7. Forest/Vorst
  8. Ganshoren
  9. Ixelles/Elsene
  10. Jette
  11. Koekelberg
  12. Molenbeek-Saint-Jean/Sint-Jans-Molenbeek
  13. Saint-Gilles/Sint-Gillis
  14. Saint-Josse-ten-Noode/Sint-Joost-ten-Node
  15. Schaerbeek/Schaarbeek
  16. Uccle/Ukkel
  17. Watermael-Boitsfort/Watermaal-Bosvoorde
  18. Woluwe-Saint-Lambert/Sint-Lambrechts-Woluwe
  19. Woluwe-Saint-Pierre/Sint-Pieters-Woluwe

The 19 municipalities (communes) o the Brussels-Caipital Region are poleetical subdiveesions wi individual responsibilities for the handlin o local level duties, such as law enforcement an the upkeep o schuils an roads athin its borders.[12][13] Municipal admieenistration is an aa conductit bi a mayor, a cooncil, an an executive.[13]

In 1831, Belgium wis dividit intae 2,739 municipalities, includin the 19 in the Brussels-Caipital Region.[14] Unlike maist o the municipalities in Belgium, the anes locatit in the Brussels-Caipital Region wur no merged wi ithers durin mergers occurrin in 1964, 1970, an 1975.[14] Housomeivver, several municipalities ootside o the Brussels-Caipital Region hae been merged wi the Ceety o Brussels throughoot its history includin Laeken, Haren, an Neder-Over-Heembeek, which wur merged intae the Ceety o Brussels in 1921.[15]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns – Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Brussels is twinned wi the follaein ceeties:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Brussels". Retrieved 10 Januar 2008.
  2. Herbez, Ariel (30 Mey 2009). "Bruxelles, capitale de la BD". Le Temps (in French). Switzerland. Retrieved 28 Mey 2010. Plus que jamais, Bruxelles mérite son statut de capitale de la bande dessinée.[deid airtin]
  3. "Cheap flights to Brussels". Easyjet. Archived frae the original on 9 Julie 2013. Retrieved 1 Juin 2010.
  5. "The Belgian Constitution (English version)" (PDF). Belgian House of Representatives. Januar 2009. Retrieved 5 Juin 2009. Article 3: Belgium comprises three Regions: the Flemish Region, the Walloon Region an the Brussels Region. Article 4: Belgium comprises fower linguistic regions: the Dutch-speakin region, the French speakin region, the bilingual region o Brussels-Caipital an the German-speakin region.
  6. "Brussels-Capital Region: Creation". Centre d'Informatique pour la Région Bruxelloise (Brussels Regional Informatics Center). 2009. Archived frae the original on 29 Apryle 2009. Retrieved 5 Juin 2009. Since 18 June 1989, the date o the first regional elections, the Brussels-Caipital Region haes been an autonomous region comparable tae the Flemish an Walloon Regions. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help) (Aw text an aw but ane graphic show the Inglis name as Brussels-Caipital Region.)
  7. It is the de facto ceety as it hosts aw major political institutions—though Parliament formally votes in Strasbourg, maist poleetical wirk is carried oot in Brussels—an as such is considered the caipital bi definition. Housomeivver, it shoud be notit that it is no formally declared in that leid, though its position is spelled oot in the Treaty o Amsterdam. See the section dedicatit tae this issue.
  8. Demey, Thierry (2007). Brussels, capital of Europe. S. Strange (trans.). Brussels: Badeaux. ISBN 2-9600414-2-9.
  9. "Welcome to Brussels". Retrieved 5 Julie 2009.
  10. "Protocol (No 6) on the location of the seats of the institutions and of certain bodies, offices, agencies and departments of the European Union, Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, OJ C 83, 30.3.2010, p. 265–265". EUR-Lex. 30 Mairch 2010. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
  11. "Europe | Country profiles | Country profile: Belgium". BBC News. 14 Juin 2010. Retrieved 29 Juin 2010.
  12. "Communes". Centre d'Informatique pour la Région Bruxelloise. 2004. Archived frae the original on 6 Juin 2004. Retrieved 4 August 2008.
  13. a b "Managing across levels of government" (PDF). OECD. 1997. pp. 107, 110. Retrieved 5 August 2008.
  14. a b Picavet, Georges (29 Apryle 2003). "Municipalities (1795-now)". Georges Picavet. Retrieved 4 August 2008.
  15. "Brussels Capital-Region". Georges Picavet. 4 Juin 2005. Retrieved 4 August 2008.
  16. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Retrieved 23 September 2008.
  17. "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas". Ayuntamiento de Madrid. Retrieved 22 Julie 2009.
  18. "Foreign relations of Moscow". Retrieved 29 Juin 2010.
  19. "Prague Partner Cities" (in Czech). 2009 Magistrát hl. m. Prahy. Retrieved 2 Julie 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  20. "Twinning Cities: International Relations" (PDF). Municipality of Tirana. Retrieved 23 Juin 2009.
  21. "Protocol and International Affairs". DC Office of the Secretary. Archived frae the original on 29 Januar 2008. Retrieved 12 Julie 2008.