Democratic Republic o the Congo

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Coordinates: 2°52′48″S 23°39′22″E / 2.88°S 23.656°E / -2.88; 23.656

Democratic Republic o the Congo
République démocratique du Congo  (French)
Repubilika ya Kôngo ya Dimokalasi  (Kongo)
Republíki ya Kongó Demokratíki  (Lingala)
Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo  (Swauheely)
Ditunga dia Kongu wa Mungalaata  (Luba-Katanga)
Banner o the Democratic Republic o the Congo
Banner
Coat of arms o the Democratic Republic o the Congo
Coat of arms
Motto: "Justice – Paix – Travail" (French)
"Juistice – Peace – Wirk"
Anthem: Debout Congolais  (French)
"Arise, Congolese"
Location o  Democratic Republic o the Congo  (dark green)
Location o  Democratic Republic o the Congo  (dark green)
Caipital
an lairgest ceety
Kinshasa
4°19′S 15°19′E / 4.317°S 15.317°E / -4.317; 15.317
Offeecial leids French
Recognised naitional leids
Demonym Congolese
Govrenment Unitar semi-presidential republic
• Preses
Joseph Kabila
Bruno Tshibala
Legislatur Parliament
Senate
Naitional Assemmly
Formation
17 November 1879
1 Julie 1885
15 November 1908
30 Juin 1960[1]
• Renamed tae Democratic Republic o the Congo
1 August 1964
29 October 1971
17 Mey 1997
18 Februar 2006
Aurie
• Tot
2,345,409 km2 (905,567 sq mi) (11t)
• Watter (%)
3.32
Population
• 2016 estimate
78,736,153[2] (16t)
• Density
34.83/km2 (90.2/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$67.988 billion[3]
• Per capita
$785[3]
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$40.415 billion[3]
• Per capita
$446[3]
Gini (2006) 44.4[4]
medium
HDI (2015) Increase 0.435[5]
law · 176t
Siller Congolese franc (CDF)
Time zone WAT an CAT (UTC+1 to +2)
Drives on the right
Cawin code +243
ISO 3166 code CD
Internet TLD .cd

The Democratic Republic o the Congo (French: République démocratique du Congo), umwhile Zaire, is a naition locatit in Central Africae, wi a short Atlantic coastline (37 km). It is the third lairgest kintra in Africae bi aurie efter Sudan an Algerie an the 12t lairgest in the warld. The Democratic Republic o the Congo – wi its population o nearly 71 million,[1] – is the aichteent maist populous naition in the warld, an the fowert maist populous naition in Africae, as well as the maist populous offeecially Francophone kintra.

In order tae distinguish it frae the neighborin Republic o the Congo tae the wast, the Democratic Republic o the Congo is aften referred tae as DR Congo, DROC, DRC, or RDC (frae its French abbreviation), or is cawed Congo-Kinshasa efter the caipital o Kinshasa (in contrast tae Congo-Brazzaville for its neighbor). It an aa borders the Central African Republic an Sudan tae the north; Uganda, Rwanda, an Burundi in the east; Zambie an Angolae tae the sooth; the Atlantic Ocean tae the wast; an is separatit frae Tanzanie bi Loch Tanganyika in the east.[1] The kintra haes access tae the ocean through a 40-kilometre (25 mi) stretch o Atlantic coastline at Muanda an the roughly nine-kilometer-wide mouth o the Congo River which opens intae the Gulf o Guinea.

The Democratic Republic o the Congo wis umwhile, in chronological order, the Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, Congo-Léopoldville, Congo-Kinshasa, an Zaire (Zaïre in French).[1] Though it is locatit in the Central African UN subregion, the naition is economically an regionally affiliatit wi Soothren Africae as a member o the Soothren African Development Community (SADC).

The Seicont Congo War, beginnin in 1998, devastatit the kintra, involved seiven foreign airmies an is sometimes referred tae as the "African Warld War".[6] Despite the signin o peace accords in 2003, fechtin continues in the east o the kintra. In eastren Congo, the prevalence o rape an ither sexual violence is described as the wirst in the warld.[7] The war is the warld's deadliest conflict since Warld War II, killin 5.4 million fowk.[8][9]

Though it is locatit in the Central African UN subregion, the naition is an aw economically an regionally affiliatit wi Soothren Africae as a member o the Soothren African Development Community (SADC).

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Central Intelligence Agency (2014). "Democratic Republic of the Congo". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 29 Aprile 2014. 
  2. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Democratic Republic of the Congo". international monetary fund. 
  4. "GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved 30 Julie 2013. 
  5. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017. 
  6. See "Rumblings of war in heart of Africa" by Abraham McLaughlin and Duncan Woodside The Christian Science Monitor 23 June 2004 and "World War Three" by Chris Bowers My Direct Democracy 24 July 2006
  7. McCrummen, Stephanie (September 9, 2007). "Prevalence of Rape in E.Congo Described as Worst in World". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2010-05-02. 
  8. Robinson, Simon (2006-05-28). "The deadliest war in the world". Time.com. Retrieved 2010-05-02. 
  9. Joe Bavier (Januar 22, 2008). "Congo War driven crisis kills 45,000 a month". Reuters.com. Retrieved 2010-05-02.