Central African Republic

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Coordinates: 7°N 21°E / 7°N 21°E / 7; 21

Central African Republic
  • Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka (Sango)
  • République centrafricaine (French)
Banner o the Central African Republic
Coat o airms o the Central African Republic
Banner Coat o airms
Motto: "Unité, Dignité, Travail" (French)
"Unity, Deegnity, Wirk"
Anthem: E Zingo  (Sango)
La Renaissance  (French)
The Renaissance
Location o  Central African Republic  (daurk blue)– in Africae  (licht blue & daurk grey)– in the African Union  (licht blue)
Location o  Central African Republic  (daurk blue)

– in Africae  (licht blue & daurk grey)
– in the African Union  (licht blue)

Location o the Central African Republic
an lairgest ceety
4°22′N 18°35′E / 4.367°N 18.583°E / 4.367; 18.583
Offeecial leids French
Ethnic groups
Demonym Central African
Govrenment Semi-presidential republic
• Preses
Faustin-Archange Touadéra
Simplice Sarandji
Legislatur Naitional Assembly
• frae Fraunce
13 August 1960
• Central African Empire established
4 December 1976
• Republic restored
21 September 1979
• Tot
622,984 km2 (240,535 sq mi) (45t)
• Watter (%)
• 2014 estimate
4,709,000[1] (119t)
• 2003 census
• Density
7.1/km2 (18.4/sq mi) (221st)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$3.411 billion[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$1.992 billion[3]
• Per capita
Gini (2008) 56.3[4]
heich · 6
HDI (2015) Increase 0.352[5]
law · 188th
Siller Central African CFA franc (XAF)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
Drives on the richt[6]
Cawin code +236
ISO 3166 code CF
Internet TLD .cf

The Central African Republic (CAR) (French: République centrafricaine, pronounced: [ʁepyblik sɑ̃tʁafʁikɛn], or Centrafrique [sɑ̃tʀafʀik]; Sango Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka), is a landlocked kintra in Central Africae. It borders Chad in the north, Sudan in the east, the Democratic Republic o the Congo an the Republic o the Congo in the sooth, an Cameroon in the wast. The CAR covers a land aurie o aboot 240,000 square miles (623,000 km²), an haes an estimatit population o aboot 4.4 million as per 2008. Bangui is the caipital ceety.

Maist o the CAR consists o Sudano-Guinean savannas but it an aa includes a Sahelo-Sudanian zone in the north an an equatorial forest zone in the sooth. Twa thirds o the kintra lies in the basins o the Ubangi River, which flows sooth intae the Congo River, while the remainin third lies in the basin o the Chari River, which flows north intae Lake Chad.

Since maist o the territory locates in the Ubangi an Shari river basins, France cawed the colony it carved oot in this region Ubangi-Chari, or Oubangui-Chari in French. It became a semi-autonomous territory o the French Community in 1958 an then an independent naition on 13 August 1960. For over three decades after independence, the CAR wis ruled bi presidents who wur no chosen in multi-pairty democratic elections or teuk pouer bi force. Local discontent wi this seestem wis eventually reinforced bi internaitional pressure, follaein the end o the Cold War.

The first multi-party democratic elections wur held in 1993 wi resources providit bi the kintra's donors an help frae the UN Office for Electoral Affairs, an brought Ange-Félix Patassé tae pouer. He lost popular support durin his presidency an wis owerthrown in 2003 bi French-backed General François Bozizé, who went on tae win a democratic election in Mey 2005. Inability tae pay wirkers in the public sector led tae strikes in 2007, forcin the resignation o the government in early 2008. A new Prime Meenister, Faustin-Archange Touadéra, wis named on Januar 22, 2008.

The Central African Republic is ane o the poorest kintras in the warld an amang the ten poorest kintras in Africae. The Human Development Index for the Central African Republic is 0.315, which gives the kintra a rank o 159 oot o 169 countries with data.[7] In 2001 though, The Ecologist magazine estimatit that the Central African Republic is the warld's leadin kintra in sustainable development.[8]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. UN projection "World Population Prospects The 2012 Revision: Highlights and Advance Tables". The Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations. pp. 51–55. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
    "Note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected."
  2. http://countrymeters.info/en/Central_African_Republic
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Central African Republic". International Monetary Fund. 
  4. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011. 
  5. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017. 
  6. Which side of the road do they drive on? Brian Lucas. August 2005. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
  7. Leet o kintras bi Human Development Index
  8. "HS Foreign 24.4.2001 – Did the Central African Republic surpass Finland in environmental affairs?". .hs.fi. Retrieved 2010-06-27.