Central African Republic
Central African Republic
Motto: "Unité, Dignité, Travail" (French)
"Unity, Deegnity, Wirk"
and largest city
• frae Fraunce
|13 August 1960|
• Central African Empire established
|4 December 1976|
• Republic restored
|21 September 1979|
|622,984 km2 (240,535 sq mi) (45t)|
• Water (%)
• 2014 estimate
• 2003 census
|7.1/km2 (18.4/sq mi) (221st)|
|GDP (PPP)||2017 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2017 estimate|
• Per capita
heich · 6
|HDI (2015)|| 0.352|
law · 188th
|Currency||Central African CFA franc (XAF)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (WAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||CF|
The Central African Republic (CAR) (French: République centrafricaine, pronounced [ʁepyblik sɑ̃tʁafʁikɛn], or Centrafrique [sɑ̃tʀafʀik]; Sango Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka), is a landlocked kintra in Central Africae. It borders Chad in the north, Sudan in the east, the Democratic Republic o the Congo an the Republic o the Congo in the sooth, an Cameroon in the wast. The CAR covers a land aurie o aboot 240,000 square miles (623,000 km²), an haes an estimatit population o aboot 4.4 million as per 2008. Bangui is the caipital ceety.
Maist o the CAR consists o Sudano-Guinean savannas but it an aa includes a Sahelo-Sudanian zone in the north an an equatorial forest zone in the sooth. Twa thirds o the kintra lies in the basins o the Ubangi River, which flows sooth intae the Congo River, while the remainin third lies in the basin o the Chari River, which flows north intae Lake Chad.
Since maist o the territory locates in the Ubangi an Shari river basins, France cawed the colony it carved oot in this region Ubangi-Chari, or Oubangui-Chari in French. It became a semi-autonomous territory o the French Community in 1958 an then an independent naition on 13 August 1960. For over three decades after independence, the CAR wis ruled bi presidents who wur no chosen in multi-pairty democratic elections or teuk pouer bi force. Local discontent wi this seestem wis eventually reinforced bi internaitional pressure, follaein the end o the Cold War.
The first multi-party democratic elections wur held in 1993 wi resources providit bi the kintra's donors an help frae the UN Office for Electoral Affairs, an brought Ange-Félix Patassé tae pouer. He lost popular support durin his presidency an wis owerthrown in 2003 bi French-backed General François Bozizé, who went on tae win a democratic election in Mey 2005. Inability tae pay wirkers in the public sector led tae strikes in 2007, forcin the resignation o the government in early 2008. A new Prime Meenister, Faustin-Archange Touadéra, wis named on Januar 22, 2008.
The Central African Republic is ane o the poorest kintras in the warld an amang the ten poorest kintras in Africae. The Human Development Index for the Central African Republic is 0.315, which gives the kintra a rank o 159 oot o 169 countries with data. In 2001 though, The Ecologist magazine estimatit that the Central African Republic is the warld's leadin kintra in sustainable development.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- UN projection "World Population Prospects The 2012 Revision: Highlights and Advance Tables". The Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations. pp. 51–55. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
"Note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected."
- "Central African Republic". International Monetary Fund.
- "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
- "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
- Which side of the road do they drive on? Brian Lucas. August 2005. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
- Leet o kintras bi Human Development Index
- "HS Foreign 24.4.2001 – Did the Central African Republic surpass Finland in environmental affairs?". .hs.fi. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
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