Help:IPA/French

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The charts ablo shaw the way in which the Internaitional Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents French pronunciations in Wikipaedia airticles.

Consonants
IPA Examples
b bon
d deux, grande
f faire, vif
ɡ garçon, longue
k corps, avec
l laisser, possible, seul
m même
n nous, bonne
ɲ gagner, champagne
p père, groupe
ʁ regarder, nôtre[1]
s sans, ça, assez
ʃ chance
t tout, thé, grand-oncle
v vous, wagon, neuf heures
z zéro, raison, chose
ʒ jamais, visage
Non-native consonants
Djakarta, jazz, budget
ŋ camping, bingo[2]
Datcha, ciao, sandwich
x jota, khamsin[3]
Semivowels
j fief, payer, fille, travail
w oui, loi, moyen, web, whisky
ɥ huit, Puy
Vouels[4]
Oral vouels
IPA Examples
a patte, là
ɑ pâte, glas[5]
e clé, les, chez, aller, pied, journée
ɛ baie, faite, mettre, renne, crème, peine
ɛː fête, mtre, mètre, reine, rtre, caisse, presse, Lemaistre, Lévesque[5]
ə le, reposer, monsieur, faisons
i si, île, régie, y
œ sœur, jeune
ø ceux, jner, queue
o sot, haut, bureau
ɔ sort, minimum
u coup, roue
y tu, sûr, rue
Nasal vouels
ɑ̃ sans, champ, vent, temps, Jean, taon
ɛ̃ vin, impair, pain, daim, plein, Reims, synthèse, sympa, bien
œ̃ un, parfum[5]
ɔ̃ son, nom
Suprasegmentals
IPA Example Explanation
ˈ moyen [mwaˈjɛ̃][6] phrasal stress
. pays [pe.i][7] syllable boundary
les agneaux [lez‿aˈɲo] liaison[8]
IPA-French

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The French rhotic /ʁ/ is uisually uvular, but it varies bi region. For example, in Québec baith [r] an [ʀ] are uised, dependin on baith region an age.
  2. In European French, /ŋ/ is eften pronoonced [ŋɡ], but in Québec, it is merged wi /ɲ/.
  3. Eften replaced bi [ʁ].
  4. Nasal vouels are lenthened afore ony consonant, but oral vouels are lenthened afore [v, ʁ, z, ʒ].
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 In Parisian French, /œ̃/ is uisually merged wi /ɛ̃/, /ɑ/ wi /a/ an /ɛː/ wi /ɛ/. The pairs mey be distinguished in Belgian, Swiss an Canadian French an in some regions o Fraunce or amang aulder speakers.
  6. The stress faws on the last full syllable o a phrase except in emphatic speech.
  7. The syllable break ⟨.⟩ is uised sparingly.
  8. In liaison, the latent final consonant is pronoonced afore a follaein vouel soond, but s an x are vyced an pronoonced [z], an d is unvyced an pronoonced [t].