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Republic o Rwanda
Repubulika y'u Rwanda  (Kinyarwanda)

République du Rwanda  (French)

Jamhuri ya Rwanda  (Swauheely)
The banner o Rwanda: blue, yellae an green stripes wi a yellae sun in tap richt corner
The seal o Rwanda: central tribal devices, surmoontit on a cog wheel an encircled bi a square knot
Banner Seal
Motto: "Ubumwe, Umurimo, Gukunda Igihugu"
"Unity, Wirk, Patriotism"
Anthem: Rwanda nziza
Beautifu Rwanda
Location o  Rwanda  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  Rwanda  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

an lairgest ceety
1°56.633′S 30°3.567′E / 1.943883°S 30.059450°E / -1.943883; 30.059450
Offeecial leids
  • Rwandan
  • Rwandese
Govrenment Unitar semi-presidential republic
• Preses
Paul Kagame
Edouard Ngirente
Legislatur Pairlament
Chamber o Deputes
• frae Belgium
1 Julie 1962
• Tot
26,338 km2 (10,169 sq mi) (144t)
• Watter (%)
• 2015 estimate
11,262,564[1] (76t)
• 2012 census
• Density
445[1]/km2 (1,152.5/sq mi) (29t)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$24.717 billion[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$8.918 billion[3]
• Per capita
Gini (2010) 51.3[4]
HDI (2015) Increase 0.498[5]
law · 159th
Siller Rwandan franc (RWF)
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Cawin code +250
Internet TLD .rw

The Republic o Rwanda is a unitary republic o central an eastren Africae. It borders Uganda tae the north; Tanzanie tae the east; Burundi tae the sooth; an the Democratic Republic o the Congo tae the wast. Rwanda is landlockt but is notit for its lakes, parteecularly Lake Kivu, which occupies the floor o the Rift Valley alang maist o the kintra's wastren border. Awtho close tae the equator, the kintra haes a temperate climate due tae its hie elevation, wi the heichest pynt bein Munt Karisimbi. The terrain consists o muntains an gently rollin hills, wi plains an swamps in the east. Abundant wildlife, includin rare muntain gorillas, hae led tae a fast-growin tourism sector. The lairgest ceeties in Rwanda are Kigali, Gitarama, an Butare. Unlik mony African kintras, Rwanda is hame tae ae ane significant ethnic an linguistic group, the Banyarwanda. The kintra is well kent for its native styles o dance, parteecularly the Intore dance, an for its drummers. Kinyarwanda, Inglish an French are the offeecial leids.

The earliest kent indwallers o the territory wur the Twa fowk, who still live in Rwanda as a minority the day. A series o further migrations teuk place, leadin tae a complex ethnic an social structur. The Kinrick o Rwanda, initially a loose confederation, grew in importance frae the 15t century tae acome the dominant civilisation in the region, occupyin an aurie ayont the present borders. The territory wis assigned tae Germany bi the 1884 Berlin Conference, as pairt o Ruanda-Urundi, wi the first Wastren explorers reachin the kintra in 1894. Efter Warld War I, the territory wis allocatit tae Belgium as a League o Naitions mandate. The German an Belgian regimes hivily favoured the kintra's Tutsis ower the majority Hutus which led tae tension atween the twa groups. Belgium switched allegiance tae the Hutus folaein a revolution in 1959 an the kintra became independent in 1962. The Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) invadit in 1990, sparkin a three year Civil War. In 1994 the preses wis assassinatit, sparkin the Rwandan Genocide. Atween 500,000 an 1,000,000 Tutsis an moderate Hutus wur killed in 100 days, in well-planned attacks ordered bi the interim govrenment. The RPF quickly restairtit thair offensive, an eventually teuk control o the kintra.

Syne the end o the Genocide, Rwanda haes enjoyed poleetical an social stability. This haes permittit the development o agriculture, roads, tourism, an minin industries. Nivertheless, lairge nummers o Rwandans live in poverty as subsistence farmers. Pouer lies firmly in the haunds o the current preses, Paul Kagame, an the RPF, who hae held a majority in parliament syne 1994. Rwanda is a member o La Francophonie an haes recently joined the East African Community an the Commonwealth o Naitions.

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