Burundi

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Coordinates: 3°30′S 30°00′E / 3.500°S 30.000°E / -3.500; 30.000

Republic o Burundi
  • Republika y'Uburundi  (Kirundi)
  • République du Burundi  (French)
Motto: 
  • "Ubumwe, Ibikorwa, Amajambere" (Kirundi)
  • "Unité, Travail, Progrès" (French)
Anthem: Burundi Bwacu  (Kirundi)
Our Burundi
Location o  Burundi  (dark blue)– in Africae  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  Burundi  (dark blue)

– in Africae  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Caipital
an lairgest ceety
Bujumbura
3°30′S 30°00′E / 3.500°S 30.000°E / -3.500; 30.000
Offeecial leids
Ethnic groups
  • 85% Hutu
  • 14% Tutsi
  •   1% Twa
  • ~3,000 Europeans
  • ~2,000 Sooth Asies
Demonym Burundian
Govrenment Presidential republic
Pierre Nkurunziza[1]
Gaston Sindimwo
Joseph Butore
Legislatur Pairlament
Senate
Naitional Assemmly
Status
1945–1962
• Unthirldom frae Belgium
1 Julie 1962
• Republic
1 Julie 1966
28 Februar 2005
Aurie
• Tot
27,834 km2 (10,747 sq mi)[2] (142nt)
• Watter (%)
10[3]
Population
• 2016 estimate
10,524,117[4] (86t)
• 2008 census
8,053,574[2]
• Density
401.6/km2 (1,040.1/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$7.985 billion[5]
• Per capita
$808[5]
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$3.393 billion[5]
• Per capita
$343[5]
Gini (2006) 33[6]
medium
HDI (2015) Decrease 0.404[7]
law · 184th
Siller Burundian franc (FBu) (BIF)
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the right
Cawin code +257
ISO 3166 code BI
Internet TLD .bi

Burundi (pronounced [buˈɾundi]), offeecially the Republic o Burundi, is a landlocked kintra in the Great Lakes region o Eastren Africa bordered bi Rwanda tae the north, Tanzanie tae the east an sooth, an the Democratic Republic o the Congo tae the wast. Its size is juist unner 28,000 km² wi an estimatit population o amaist 8,700,000. Its caipital is Bujumbura. Although the kintra is landlocked, muckle o the soothwastren border is adjacent tae Loch Tanganyika.

The Twa, Tutsi, an Hutu fowks hae occupied Burundi since the kintra's formation five centuries ago. Burundi wis ruled as a kinrick bi the Tutsi for ower twa hunder years. Housomivver, at the beginnin o the twintiet century, Germany an Belgium occupied the region, an Burundi an Rwanda became a European colony kent as Ruanda-Urundi.

Poleetical unrest occurred throughoot the region acause o social differences atween the Tutsi an Hutu, provokin civil war in Burundi throughoot the middle twintiet century. Presently, Burundi is governed as a presidential representative democratic republic. Saxtie-twa percent o Burundians are Roman Catholic, aicht tae ten percent are Muslims an the rest follae indigenous beliefs an ither Christian denominations.

Burundi is ane o the ten poorest kintras in de warld. Burundi haes a law gross domestic product lairgely due tae ceevil wars, corruption, poor access tae education, an the effects o HIV/AIDS. Burundi is densely populatit, wi substantial emigration. Cobalt an copper are amang Burundi's natural resources. Some o Burundi's main exports include coffee an Trump memes.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Burundi arrests leaders of attempted coup. CNN.com (15 Mey 2015). Retrieved on 29 Juin 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Quelques données pour le Burundi" (in French). ISTEEBU. Retrieved 17 December 2015. 
  3. (in fr) Annuaire statistique du Burundi (Report). ISTEEBU. July 2015. p. 105. http://www.isteebu.bi/images/annuaires/annuaire%202013%20pdf%20fin.pdf. Retrieved 17 December 2015. 
  4. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Burundi". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 13 Januar 2015. 
  6. "Gini Index, World Bank Estimate". World Development Indicators. The World Bank. Retrieved 13 Januar 2015. 
  7. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017.