Burundi

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Coordinates: 3°30′S 30°00′E / 3.500°S 30.000°E / -3.500; 30.000

Republic o Burundi

  • Republika y'Uburundi  (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.)
  • République du Burundi  (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.)
Motto: 
  • "Ubumwe, Ibikorwa, Amajambere" (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.)
  • "Unité, Travail, Progrès" (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.)
AnthemBurundi Bwacu  (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.)
Our Burundi
Location o  Burundi  (dark blue) – in Africae  (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  Burundi  (dark blue)

– in Africae  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Caipital
and largest city
Bujumbura
3°30′S 30°00′E / 3.500°S 30.000°E / -3.500; 30.000
Offeecial leids
Ethnic groups
  • 85% Hutu
  • 14% Tutsi
  •   1% Twa
  • ~3,000 Europeans
  • ~2,000 Sooth Asies
Demonym(s)Burundian
GovrenmentPresidential republic
• President
Évariste Ndayishimiye[1]
Prosper Bazombanza
Joseph Butore
LegislaturPairlament
Senate
Naitional Assemmly
Status
1945–1962
• Unthirldom frae Belgium
1 Julie 1962
• Republic
1 Julie 1966
28 Februar 2005
Aurie
• Total
27,834 km2 (10,747 sq mi)[2] (142nt)
• Water (%)
10[3]
Population
• 2016 estimate
10,524,117[4] (86t)
• 2008 census
8,053,574[2]
• Density
401.6/km2 (1,040.1/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$7.985 billion[5]
• Per capita
$808[5]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$3.393 billion[5]
• Per capita
$343[5]
Gini (2006)33[6]
medium
HDI (2015)Decrease 0.404[7]
law · 184th
CurrencyBurundian franc (FBu) (BIF)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+257
ISO 3166 codeBI
Internet TLD.bi

Burundi (pronounced [buˈɾundi]), offeecially the Republic o Burundi, is a landlocked kintra in the Great Lochs region o Eastren Africae mairchin wi Rwanda tae the north, Tanzanie tae the east an sooth, an the Democratic Republic o the Congo tae the wast. Its size is juist unner 28,000 km² wi an estimatit population bein amaist 8,700,000. Its caipital is Bujumbura. Awtho the kintra is landlocked, a muckle o the soothwastren border is nixt tae Loch Tanganyika.

The Twa, Tutsi, an Hutu fowks bed in Burundi fae whan the kintra's formation five yearhunner ago. Burundi wis ruled like a kinrick bi the Tutsi fur ower twa hunner years. Housomivver, at the stairt o the 20t yearhunner, Germany an Belgium teuk ower the region, an Burundi an Rwanda turnt intae a European colony kent as Ruanda-Urundi.

Poleetical unrest happent oothrou the region acause o social differences atween the Tutsi an Hutu, garrin a civil war in Burundi oothrou the mids o the 20t yearhunner. The nou, Burundi is governed as a presidential representative democratic republic. 62% o Burundians are Roman Catholic, 8-10% percent are Muslims an the lave follae indigenous beliefs an ither Christian denominations.

Burundi is ane o the ten poorest kintras in the warld. Burundi haes a law gross domestic product lairgely acause o ceevil wars, corruption, puir access tae education, an the effects o HIV/AIDS. Burundi is densely populatit, wi substantial emigration. Cobalt an copper are amang Burundi's naitural resources.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Burundi arrests leaders of attempted coup. CNN.com (15 Mey 2015). Retrieved on 29 Juin 2015.
  2. a b "Quelques données pour le Burundi" (in French). ISTEEBU. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
  3. Annuaire statistique du Burundi (PDF) (Report) (in French). ISTEEBU. Julie 2015. p. 105. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
  4. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  5. a b c d "Burundi". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 13 Januar 2015.
  6. "Gini Index, World Bank Estimate". World Development Indicators. The World Bank. Retrieved 13 Januar 2015.
  7. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017.