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Kiew Zentrum.jpg
Banner o Kiev
Coat of airms o Kiev
Coat airms
Official logo of Kiev
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Coordinates: 50°27′00″N 30°31′24″E / 50.45000°N 30.52333°E / 50.45000; 30.52333Coordinates: 50°27′00″N 30°31′24″E / 50.45000°N 30.52333°E / 50.45000; 30.52333
Kintra Ukraine
MunicipalityKiev Ceety Municipality
Foondit5t century
 • MayorVitali Klitschko
 • Heid o Ceety State AdmeenistrationVitali Klitschko
 • City839 km2 (324 sq mi)
179 m (587 ft)
 (15 Julie 2013)
 • City2,847,200[1]
 • Density3299/km2 (8,540/sq mi)
 • Metro
3,375,000[2]o the Kiev metropolitan aurie
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code(s)+380 44
License plateAA (before 2004: КА, КВ, КЕ, КН, КІ, KT)

Kiev is the caipital an the lairgest ceety o Ukraine, locatit in the north central pairt o the kintra on the Dnieper River.

Kiev is an important industrial, scienteefic, educational an cultural centre o Eastren Europe. It is hame tae mony hie-tech industries, heichher education institutions an warld-famous historical laundmerks. The ceety haes an extensive infrastructure an heichlie developed seestem o public transport, includin the Kiev Metro. Kiev wis clessifee'd as a Beta global ceety as o 2004.

The name Kiev is said tae derive frae the name o Kyi, ane o fower legendary foonders o the ceety (brithers Kyi, Shchek, Khoryv, an sister Lybid). Durin its history, Kiev, ane o the auldest ceeties in Eastren Europe, passed throu several stages o great prominence an relative obscurity. The ceety mey hae been foondit in the 5t century as a tradin post, aiblins pairt o the land o the early Slavs. It gradually acquired eminence as the centre o the East Slavic civilization, becomin in the tent tae twalt centuries a poleetical an cultural caipital o Rus', a medieval East Slavic state. Completely destroyed durin the Mongol invasion in 1240, the ceety lost maist o its influence for the centuries tae come. It wis a provincial caipital o marginal importance in the ootskirts o the territories controlled bi its pouerful neighbours; first the Grand Duchy o Lithuanie, follaed bi Poland an Roushie.

The ceety prospered again durin the Roushie Empire's industrial revolution in the late 19t century. Efter the turbulent period follaein the Roushie Revolution o 1917, frae 1921 onwards Kiev wis an important ceety o the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, an, frae 1934, its caipital. Durin Warld War II, the ceety again suffered significant damage, but quickly recovered in the post-war years remainin the third lairgest ceety o the Soviet Union. Follaein the collapse o the Soviet Union an the Ukrainian unthirldom o 1991, Kiev remained the caipital o Ukraine.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kiev is twinned wi:

Honour[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kiev Peninsula in Graham Land, Antarctica is named efter the ceety o Kiev.[29]

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Соціально-економічне становище м.Києва: Січень–липень 2013 року". Department of Statistics, Kiev City State Administration. Julie 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
  2. "Major Agglomerations of the World". 1 Apryle 2013. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
  3. "Leipzig – International Relations". © 2009 Leipzig City Council, Office for European and International Affairs. Retrieved 17 Julie 2009.
  4. "Ankara Metropolitan Municipality: Sister Cities of Ankara". © 2007 Ankara Büyükşehir Belediyesi – Tüm Hakları Saklıdır. Kullanım Koşulları & Gizlilik. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
  5. "The main directions of foreign relations of the executive authorities of Baku". Retrieved 15 Julie 2007.
  6. (in Roushie)"Executive Power of the Baku City". Retrieved 8 Apryle 2008.
  7. "Sister Cities". Beijing Municipal Government. Retrieved 23 September 2008.
  8. "International Cooperation". Official website. Retrieved 10 Julie 2007.
  9. "Beograd: Međunarodni odnosi". Stalna konferencija gradova i opština Srbije. Archived frae the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 18 Juin 2007.
  10. "Council okays peace committees: Lahore and Chicago to be declared twin cities". The Post. 28 Januar 2007. Retrieved 16 Mey 2007.
  11. "Bratislava City – Twin Towns". © 2003–2009 Retrieved 7 Julie 2009.
  12. "Sister City – Budapest". Official website of New York City. Retrieved 14 Mey 2008.
  13. "Sister cities of Budapest" (in Hungarian). Official Website of Budapest. Retrieved 31 Januar 2008.
  14. "Who knows less about Budapest? A quiz with mayor candidates" (in Hungarian). Index. Retrieved 31 Januar 2008.
  15. "Chicago Sister Cities". Chicago Sister Cities International. 2009. Retrieved 22 Julie 2009.
  16. Berdes, PhD, Celia. "Director Emeritus James Webster Looks Backward, Forward" (PDF). Annual Report 2008. Buehler Center on Aging, Health & Society. pp. 5–7. Retrieved 1 Julie 2009. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)[deid airtin]
  17. "Edinburgh – Twin and Partner Cities". © 2008 The City of Edinburgh Council, City Chambers, High Street, Edinburgh, EH1 1YJ Scotland. Archived frae the original on 11 August 2007. Retrieved 21 December 2008.[deid airtin]
  18. "Kraków otwarty na świat". Retrieved 19 Julie 2009.
  19. "Kyoto City Web / Data Box / Sister Cities". Retrieved 14 Januar 2010.
  20. "Twin towns of Minsk". © 2008 The department of protocol and international relations of Minsk City Executive Committee. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
  21. "Les pactes d'amitié et de coopération". Mairie de Paris. Retrieved 14 October 2007.
  22. "International relations : special partners". Mairie de Paris. Retrieved 14 October 2007.
  23. "Twin cities of Riga". Riga City Council. Retrieved 27 Julie 2009.
  24. "Twinning Cities: International Relations" (PDF). Municipality of Tirana. Retrieved 23 Juin 2009.
  25. "Tbilisi Municipal Portal – Sister Cities". © 2009 – Tbilisi City Hall. Retrieved 16 Juin 2009.
  26. "Miasta partnerskie Warszawy". Biuro Promocji Miasta. 4 Mey 2005. Retrieved 29 August 2008.
  27. "Yerevan Municipality – Sister Cities". © 2005–2009 Retrieved 30 November 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  28. "Yerevan Municipality – Partner Cities". © 2005–2009 Retrieved 30 November 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  29. Kiev Peninsula. SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica.