Grand Duchy o Lithuanie

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Grand Duchy o Lithuanie
c. 1236–17951
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat o airms
The Grand Duchy o Lithuanie at the hicht o its pouer in the 15t century, superimponed on modern borders
The Grand Duchy o Lithuanie at the hicht o its pouer in the 15t century, superimponed on modern borders
Status Pairt o the Polish–Lithuanie Commonweel (1569–1795)
Caipital
Common leids Lithuanie, Ruthenian, Pols, Laitin, German (see § Leids)
Releegion
Govrenment
Grand Duke  
• 1236–1263 (frae 1251 as Keeng)
Mindaugas (first)
• 1764–1795
Stanisław August Poniatowski (last)
Legislatur Seimas
• Privy Cooncil
Cooncil o Lairds
History  
• Consolidation began
1180s
1251–1263
14 August 1385
1 Julie 1569
24 October 1795
Aurie
1260 200,000 km2 (77,000 sq mi)
1430 930,000 km2 (360,000 sq mi)
1572 320,000 km2 (120,000 sq mi)
1791 250,000 km2 (97,000 sq mi)
1793 132,000 km2 (51,000 sq mi)
Population
• 1260
400000
• 1430
2500000
• 1572
1710000
• 1791
2500000
• 1793
1800000
Succeedit bi
Kinrick o Proushie
Roushie Empire
The day pairt o
1. Unsuccessfu Constitution o Mey 3, 1791 enveesioned a unitary state whaurbi the Grand Duchy would be abolished.

The Grand Duchy o Lithuanie wis a European state frae the 13t century[1] till 1795.[2] The state wis foondit bi the Lithuanies, ane o the polytheistic Baltic tribes frae Aukštaitija.[3][4][5]

Magnus Ducatus Lithuania, Tobias Lotter, 1780

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Baranauskas, Tomas (2000). "Lietuvos valstybės ištakos" [The Lithuanian State] (in Lithuanie). Vilnius: viduramziu.istorija.net. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  2. Sužiedėlis, Saulius. Historical dictionary of Lithuania (2nd ed.). Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press. p. 119. ISBN 978-0-8108-4914-3. 
  3. Rowell S.C. Lithuania Ascending: A pagan empire within east-central Europe, 1295-1345. Cambridge, 1994. p.289-290
  4. Ch. Allmand, The New Cambridge Medieval History. Cambridge, 1998, p. 731.
  5. Encyclopædia Britannica. Grand Duchy of Lithuania