Grand Duchy o Lithuanie

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Grand Duchy o Lithuanie
Pairt o the Polish–Lithuanie Commonweel (1569–1795)
c. 1236–17951
 


Coat o airms

The Grand Duchy o Lithuanie at the hicht o its pouer in the 15t century, superimponed on modern borders
Caipital
Leids Lithuanie, Ruthenian, Pols, Laitin, German (see § Leids)
Releegion
Government
Grand Duke
 -  1236–1263 (frae 1251 as Keeng) Mindaugas (first)
 -  1764–1795 Stanisław August Poniatowski (last)
Legislatur Seimas
 -  Privy Cooncil Cooncil o Lairds
History
 -  Consolidation began 1180s
 -  Kinrick o Lithuanie 1251–1263
 -  Union o Krewo 14 August 1385
 -  Union o Lublin 1 Julie 1569
 -  Third Parteetion 24 October 1795
Aurie
 -  1260 200,000 km² (77,220 sq mi)
 -  1430 930,000 km² (359,075 sq mi)
 -  1572 320,000 km² (123,553 sq mi)
 -  1791 250,000 km² (96,526 sq mi)
 -  1793 132,000 km² (50,965 sq mi)
Population
 -  1260 est. 400,000 
     Density 2 /km²  (5.2 /sq mi)
 -  1430 est. 2,500,000 
     Density 2.7 /km²  (7 /sq mi)
 -  1572 est. 1,710,000 
     Density 5.3 /km²  (13.8 /sq mi)
 -  1791 est. 2,500,000 
     Density 10 /km²  (25.9 /sq mi)
 -  1793 est. 1,800,000 
     Density 13.6 /km²  (35.3 /sq mi)
The day pairt o
1. Unsuccessfu Constitution o Mey 3, 1791 enveesioned a unitary state whaurbi the Grand Duchy would be abolished.

The Grand Duchy o Lithuanie wis a European state frae the 13t century[1] till 1795.[2] The state wis foondit bi the Lithuanies, ane o the polytheistic Baltic tribes frae Aukštaitija.[3][4][5]

Magnus Ducatus Lithuania, Tobias Lotter, 1780

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Baranauskas, Tomas (2000). "Lietuvos valstybės ištakos" [The Lithuanian State] (in Lithuanie). Vilnius: viduramziu.istorija.net. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  2. Sužiedėlis, Saulius. Historical dictionary of Lithuania (2nd ed.). Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press. p. 119. ISBN 978-0-8108-4914-3. 
  3. Rowell S.C. Lithuania Ascending: A pagan empire within east-central Europe, 1295-1345. Cambridge, 1994. p.289-290
  4. Ch. Allmand, The New Cambridge Medieval History. Cambridge, 1998, p. 731.
  5. Encyclopædia Britannica. Grand Duchy of Lithuania