Armenie

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Coordinates: 40°N 45°E / 40°N 45°E / 40; 45

Republic o Armenie
Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն
Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun
Banner o Armenie
Coat o airms o Armenie
Banner Coat o airms
Anthem: 
Մեր Հայրենիք
Mer Hayrenik
"Our Fatherland"
Location o Armenie
Capital
an lairgest ceety
Yerevan
40°11′N 44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517
Offeecial leids Armenie[1]
Recognised naitional leids Armenie, Assyrian, Greek, Kurdish an Roushie
Spoken an written leid Eastren Armenie[2][3]
Offeecial script Armenie alphabeta
Ethnic groups ([4][5])
Demonym Armenie
Govrenment Unitary semi-presidential republic[6]
• Preses
Serzh Sargsyan
Karen Karapetyan
Legislatur Naitional Assembly
Formation an unthirldom
• Tradeetional date
2492 BC
1500–1290 BC
14t century–1190 BC
860–590 BC
6t century BC
190 BC[11]
52–428
885–1045
1198–1375

28 Mey 1918
• Unthirldom frae Soviet Union
23 August 1990b
21 September 1991c
26 December 1991d
Aurie
• Tot
29,743 km2 (11,484 sq mi) (141st)
• Watter (%)
4.71[12]
Population
• 2016 estimate
3.0 million[13]
• 2011 census
Decrease 3,018,854[14][15] (134t)
• Density
101.5/km2 (262.9/sq mi) (99t)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$26.560 billion[16]
• Per capita
$8,881[16]
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$10.754 billion[16]
• Per capita
$3,595[16]
Gini (2013) 31.5[17]
middlin
HDI (2014) Increase 0.733[18]
heich · 85t
Siller Dram (֏) (AMD)
Time zone AMT (UTC+4)
Drives on the right
Cawin code +374
Patron saunt St. Gregory
Internet TLD .am .հայ
  1. Reformed orthografie.[19]
  2. Declared sovereignty.
  3. Declared unthirldom via an Referendum
  4. Unthirldom wis offeecially widely recognised efter the dissolution o the Soviet Union. The current constitution wis adoptit on 5 Julie 1995.

Armenie, offeecially the Republic o Armenie (Armenie: Հայաստան Hayastan, Հայք Haykh) is a muntainous kintra in Eurasie atween the Black Sea an the Caspian Sea. It haes laund mairches wi Turkey tae the wast, Georgie tae the north, Azerbaijan tae the east an Iran tae the sooth. It uised tae be ane o the auld republics o the the umwhile Soviet Union.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "The Constitution of the Republic of Armenia (with amendments)". Constitutional Court of the Republic of Armenia. 5 Julie 1995. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  2. Campbell, George L.; King, Gareth (2013). Compendium of the World's Languages (3rd ed.). New York: Routledge. p. 115. ISBN 978-1-136-25846-6. ...Eastern Armenian is the written and spoken language of the Republic of Armenia. 
  3. Dalby, Andrew (1998). Dictionary of Languages: The Definitive Reference to More Than 400 Languages. New York: Columbia University Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-231-11568-1. ...Eastern Armenian of the Present Republic of Armenia... 
  4. Asatryan, Garnik; Arakelova, Victoria (Yerevan 2002). The Ethnic Minorities in Armenia. Pairt o the OSCE. Archived copy at WebCite (16 April 2010).
  5. Meenistry o Cultur o Armenie [mincult.am/datas/media/azg.poqr.%20ev%20xorhurd%20mshak.nax.%20(1).doc The ethnic minorities in Armenia. Brief information]. As per the maist recent census in 2011. [1]
  6. "National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia – Official Web Site – parliament.am". 
  7. Lang, David Marshall. Armenia: Cradle of Civilization. London: Allen and Unwin, 1970, p. 114. ISBN 0-04-956007-7.
  8. Redgate, Anna Elizabeth. The Armenians. Cornwall: Blackwell, 1998, pp. 16–19, 23, 25, 26 (map), 30–32, 38, 43 ISBN 0-631-22037-2.
  9. Redgate, A. E. (2000). The Armenians (Reprint ed.). Oxford: Blackwell. p. 5. ISBN 0-631-22037-2. However, the most easily identifiable ancestors of the later Armenian nation are the Urartians. 
  10. de Laet, Sigfried J.; Herrmann, Joachim, eds. (1996). History of Humanity: From the seventh century B.C. to the seventh century A.D. (1st ed.). London: Routledge. p. 128. ISBN 9789231028120. The ruler of the part known as Greater Armenia, Artaxias (Artashes), the founder of a new dynasty, managed to unite the country... 
  11. Encyclopedia Americana: Ankara to Azusa. Scholastic Library Publishing. 2005. p. 393. It was named for Artaxias, a general of Antiochus the Great, who founded the kingdom of Armenia about 190 B.C. 
  12. "The World Fact Book – Armenia". Central Intelligence Agency. Archived frae the oreeginal on 19 Julie 2010. Retrieved 17 Julie 2010. 
  13. The population of Armenia as of 1 December 2016 according to UN, p. 100.
  14. "Statistical Service of Armenia" (PDF). Armstat. Retrieved 20 Februar 2014. 
  15. "Armenia Population". countrymeters.info. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". World Economic Outlook Database, October 2016. Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund. 4 October 2016. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
  17. "Gini index". World Bank. Retrieved 12 Mey 2016. 
  18. "Human Development Report 2015" (PDF). United Nations. 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 
  19. Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009). Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing. p. 12. ISBN 9789027238146. The orthography used in Armenia nowadays goes back to the Soviet orthography reform of 1922 and its revision of 1940. 

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