Kurdish leid

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Kurdish leids
Kurdî, کوردی
Kurdish Language.svg
Native taeTurkey, Iraq, Iran, Sirie, Armenie, Azerbaijan, Georgie
RegionKurdistan, Anatolie, Khorasan
EthnicityKurds
Native speakers
c. 20–30 million (2000–2010 est.)[1]
Dialects
Hawar alphabet (Laitin script; uised mostly in Turkey an Sirie)
Sorani alphabet
(Perso-Arabic script; uised maistly in Iraq an Iran)
Cyrillic alphabet (umwhile Soviet Union)
Armenie alphabet (1921-29 in Soviet Armenie)[3][4][5]
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in
 Iraq[6]
Template:Kintra data Kurdistan Region[7]
 Rojava[8][9]
Recognised minority
leid in
 Armenie[10]
 Azerbaijan (Eddicational leid o a recognised naitional minority)[11]
 Georgie (Eddicational leid o a recognised naitional minority)[12][13]
Leid codes
ISO 639-1ku
ISO 639-2kur
ISO 639-3kurinclusive code
Individual codes:
ckb – Sorani
kmr – Kurmanji
sdh – Soothren Kurdish
lki – Laki leid
Glottologkurd1259[14]
Linguasphere58-AAA-a (North Kurdish incl. Kurmanji & Kurmanjiki) + 58-AAA-b (Central Kurdish incl. Dimli/Zaza & Gurani) + 58-AAA-c (Sooth Kurdish incl. Kurdi)
Idioma kurdo.PNG
Map o Kurdish-speakin auries o the Middle East
Kurdish languages map.svg
Geografic distribution o Kurdish an ither Iranian leids spoken bi Kurds

This article contains IPA phonetic seembols. Withoot proper renderin support, ye mey see quaisten merks, boxes, or ither seembols insteid o Unicode chairacters. For an introductory guide on IPA seembols, see Help:IPA.

Kurdish is a Indo-Aryan leid that's speakers is tae be fund in the Northwast o Iran, the north o Iraq an the Sootheast o Turkey. It's sib wi the Persie leid.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Anerly verra rough estimates are possible. SIL Ethnologue gies estimates, braken doun bi dialect group, totallin 31 million, but wi the caveat o "Very provisional figures for Northern Kurdish speaker population". Ethnologue estimates for dialect groups: Northren: 20.2M (undatit; 15M in Turkey for 2009), Central: 6.75M (2009), Soothren: 3M (2000), Laki: 1M (2000). The Swedish Nationalencyklopedin leetit Kurdish in its "Världens 100 största språk 2007" (The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007), citin an estimate o 20.6 million native speakers.
  2. "Atlas of the Languages of Iran A working classification". Languages of Iran. Retrieved 25 May 2019. 
  3. MacCagg, William O.; Silver, Brian D., eds. (1979). Soviet Asian Ethnic Frontiers. Pergamon Press. p. 94. ISBN 9780080246376. Since the most active Soviet Kurdish center has been and continues to be Yerevan, the first alphabet used for publishing Kurdish in the USSR was the Armenian alphabet. 
  4. Курдский язык (in Roushie). Krugosvet. ...в Армении на основе русского алфавита с 1946 (с 1921 на основе армянской графики, с 1929 на основе латиницы). 
  5. Khamoyan, M. (1986). "Քրդերեն [Kurdish language]". Soviet Armenian Encyclopedia Volume 12 (in Armenie). p. 492. ...գրկ. լույս է տեսնում 1921-ից հայկ., 1929-ից՝ լատ., 1946-ից՝ ռուս. այբուբենով... 
  6. "Iraq's Constitution of 2005" (PDF). p. 4. Retrieved 14 April 2019. 
  7. "Kurdistan: Constitution of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region". Retrieved 14 April 2019. 
  8. "Social Contract - Sa-Nes". Self-Administration of North & East Syria Representation in Benelux. Retrieved 22 March 2019. 
  9. ""Rojava could be a model for all Syria"". Salih Muslim. Nationalita. 29 July 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2019. 
  10. Pavlenko, Aneta (2008). Multilingualism in post-Soviet countries. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters. pp. 18–22. ISBN 978-1-84769-087-6. 
  11. "Təhsil" (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 6 May 2019. 
  12. "Minority Language Education in Georgia". 15 August 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2019. 
  13. "Report on the implementation of state strategy for civil equality and integration and 2016 action plan" (PDF). Retrieved 6 May 2019. 
  14. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Kurdish". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.