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Islamic Republic o Iran
جمهوری اسلامی ایران (Persie)
Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān
استقلال، آزادی، جمهوری اسلامی
Esteqlāl, Āzādi, Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi
"Unthirldom, freedom, the Islamic Republic"
(de facto)[1]
سرود ملی جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Sorud-e Melli-ye Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān
("Naitional Anthem o the Islamic Republic o Iran")
Location o Iran
and largest city
35°41′N 51°25′E / 35.683°N 51.417°E / 35.683; 51.417
Offeecial leids Persie
Recognised regional languages
Releegion Offeecial:
Islam (Shia)
Ither recognised releegions:
Demonym Iranian, Persie
Govrenment de jure:
Islamic Republic
de facto:
Theocratic-republican hybrid; unitar presidential republic subject tae a Supreme Leader[3]
Ali Khamenei
• Preses
Hassan Rouhani
Ali Larijani
Sadeq Larijani
Legislatur Islamic Consultative Assembly
c. 678 BC
550 BC
247 BC
224 AD[4]
1 Apryle 1979
24 October 1979
28 Julie 1989
• Total
1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi) (17t)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
82,800,000[6] (18t)
• Density
48/km2 (124.3/sq mi) (162nt)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$1.551 trillion[7] (18t)
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Tot
$438.3 billion[7] (27t)
• Per capita
Gini (2013) 37.4[8]
HDI (2014) Increase 0.766[9]
heich · 69t
Currency Rial (ریال) (IRR)
Time zone UTC+3:30 (IRST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Date format yyyy/mm/dd (SH)
Drivin side richt
Cawin code +98
ISO 3166 code IR
Internet TLD

Iran, kent offeecially as the Islamic Republic o Iran, is a kintra in the sooth-eastren Middle East that mairches Iraq, Pakistan, Kuwait, Turkey, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, an Azerbaijan. It haes a population o ower 75,000,000 fowk . The offeecial releegion is Shia Islam. The caiptial an muckle maist ceety is Tehran. Its watter mairch is the Caspian Sea tae the north, the Persian Gulf tae the sooth, an the Oman Gulf tae the wast. The offeecial leid is Persie.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Jeroen Temperman (2010). State-Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law: Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance. BRILL. pp. 87–. ISBN 90-04-18148-2. The official motto of Iran is Takbir ("God is the Greatest" or "God is Great"). Transliteration Allahu Akbar. As referred to in art. 18 of the constitution of Iran (1979). The de facto motto however is: "Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic." 
  2.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. Buchta, Wilfried. "Taking Stock of a Quarter Century of the Islamic Republic of Iran" (PDF). Harvard Law School. Harvard Law School. Retrieved 2 November 2015. [...] the Islamic Republic’s political system, a theocratic-republican hybrid [...] 
  4. Alireza Shapur Shahbazi (2005), "The History of the Idea of Iran", in Vesta Curtis ed., Birth of the Persian Empire, IB Tauris, London, p. 108: "Similarly the collapse of Sassanian Eranshahr in AD 650 did not end Iranians' national idea. The name 'Iran' disappeared from official records of the Saffarids, Samanids, Buyids, Saljuqs and their successor. But one unofficially used the name Iran, Eranshahr, and similar national designations, particularly Mamalek-e Iran or "Iranian lands", which exactly translated the old Avestan term Ariyanam Daihunam. On the other hand, when the Safavids (not Reza Shah, as is popularly assumed) revived a national state officially known as Iran, bureaucratic usage in the Ottoman empire and even Iran itself could still refer to it by other descriptive and traditional appellations".
  5. Andrew J. Newman (21 April 2006). Safavid Iran: Rebirth of a Persian Empire. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-1-86064-667-6. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  6. "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". Archived frae the oreeginal on 3 February 2012. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". 
  8. "GINI index (World Bank estimate)". Retrieved 29 November 2015. 
  9. "Human Development Report 2015" (PDF). United Nations. 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.