Northren Cyprus

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Turkish Republic o Northren Cyprus
Turkis: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti
Banner Coat o Airms
(Banner) (Coat o Airms)
Motto: nane
Northren Cyprus
Offeecial leid Turkis
Caipital Nicosia
Lairgest ceety Nicosia
Guvrenment 
 - Preses
 - Prime meenister
Mustafa Akıncı
Hüseyin Özgürgün 
Area
 - Tot
 - % watter

3,355 km²
2.7%
Population
 - 2009
 - Density
 
294,906[1]
78/km²
Foondin
 - Proclaimed
 - Recognition
 
15 November 1983
Bi Turkey anerlie;
Siller Turkis lira (TRY)
Time zone UTC + 2, Simmer: UTC + 3
Naitional anthem İstiklâl Marşı  
Unthirldom Mairch
Internet TLD .nc.tr or .tr, wide uise o .cc
Cawin code +90 (+90-392 for TRNC)

Northren Cyprus or North Cyprus (Turkis: Kuzey Kıbrıs), formally named the Turkish Republic o Northern Cyprus (TRNC) (Turkis: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti (KKTC),[2]), is a de facto state[3][4][5] locatit in the northren portion o the island o Cyprus. Tensions atween the Greek Cypriot an Turkish Cypriot populations culminatit in 1974 wi a coup d'état, an attempt tae annex the island tae Greece an a military invasion bi Turkey in response resultit in a partitionin o the island,[6][7][8][9] the resettlement o mony o its inhabitants, an, eventually, a unilateral declaration o unthrildom bi the north in 1983. Northren Cyprus haes received diplomatic recognition anerlie frae Turkey,[10][11][12][13] upon which it is dependent for economic, poleetical an military support. The rest o the internaitional community, includin the Unitit Naitions an the European Union, recognises the de jure sovereignty o the Republic o Cyprus ower the entire island.

Attempts tae reach a solution tae the dispute hae so far been unsuccessful. In 2004 a fift revision o the UN Annan Plan tae settle the Cyprus dispute wis acceptit bi a majority o Turkish Cypriots in a referendum, but rejectit bi a majority o Greek Cypriots. The Turkish Airmy maintains a lairge force in Northren Cyprus; its presence is supportit an approved bi the de facto local government, but the Republic o Cyprus an the internaitional community regard it as an illegal occupation force, an its presence haes an aa been denoonced in several United Nations Security Council resolutions.

Northern Cyprus extends frae the tip o the Karpass Peninsula (Cape Apostolos Andreas) in the northeast, wastward tae Morphou Bay an Cape Kormakitis (the Kokkina/Erenköy exclave marks the wastrenmaist extent o the aurie), an soothward tae the village o Louroujina/Akıncılar. A buffer zone unner the control o the Unitit Naitions stretches atween Northren Cyprus an the rest o the island an divides Nicosia, the island's lairgest ceety an caipital o baith states.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Nordzypern
  2. "The social and economic impact of EU membership on northern Cyprus", Diez, Thomas (2002). The European Union and the Cyprus Conflict: Modern Conflict, Postmodern Union. Manchester University Press. p. 187. ISBN 0719060796. 
  3. Antiwar.com. In Praise of 'Virtual States', Leon Hadar, 16 November 2005
  4. Carter Johnson, University of Maryland. Sovereignty or Demography? Reconsidering the Evidence on Partition in Ethnic Civil Wars, 2005
  5. Emerson, Michael (2004). The Wider Europe Matrix. CPSE. ISBN 9290794690. 
  6. New York Times Quote: The dinner follows a meal Mr. Denktash held on Dec. 6, when Mr. Clerides made his first visit to northern Cyprus, which was invaded by Turkey in 1974 and has been governed by Turkish Cypriots ever since. Mr. Clerides is recognized internationally as the president of Cyprus, but Turkey is the only country that....
  7. BBC News Quote: "Cyprus has been split into the Greek Cypriot-controlled south and the Turkish-occupied north since Turkey invaded in 1974, in the wake of an abortive coup by supporters of union with Greece."
  8. Unity talks under threat as hardliner elected President The Times Quote: on divided island a stance that would scuttle a deal. Cyprus was split on ethnic and religious lines by a Turkish invasion in 1974, triggered by a brief, Greek-inspired coup.
  9. Cyprus problem is fuelling racism The Guardian Quote: "Whether one chooses to date the situation to the invasion by Turkey in 1974, the coup by junta-officered Greek Cypriots the same year, the bombings by Turkey in 1964, the attempt..."
  10. BBC: The status o Northren Cyprus as a separate entity is recognised anerlie bi Turkey, which keeps aroond 30,000 troops in the north o the island.
  11. Europe Review, Kogan Page, 2003, p.79
  12. Nurşin Ateşoğlu Güney, Contentious issues of security and the future of Turkey, Ashgate Publishing, 2007, p.161
  13. The CIA World Factbook 2010, Central Intelligence Agency (U.S.), p.182