Karakalpakstan

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Qaraqalpaqstan Respublikası
Қарақалпақстан Республикасы
Qoraqalpog‘iston Respublikasi
Қоракалпоғистон Республикаси
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Karakalpakstan
Offeecial leid Karakalpak, Uzbek
Caipital
(an lairgest ceety)
Nukus
Govrenment 
 - Preses

Autonomous Republic o Uzbekistan
Musa Urniyazov
Aurie
 - Tot
 - % watter

783,562 km²
1,3%
Population
 - 2007
 - Density
 
1,571,800
92.6/km²
Siller Som (UZS)
Time zone UTC + 5, Simmer: UTC + 5

Karakalpakstan (Karakalpak: Qaraqalpaqstan Respublikası or Қарақалпақстан Республикасы; Uzbek: Qoraqalpog‘iston Respublikasi or Қоракалпоғистон Республикаси) is an autonomous republic o Uzbekistan. It occupies the whole wastren end o Uzbekistan. The caipital is Nukus (Karakalpak: No'kis or Нөкис). The Republic o Karakalpakstan haes an aurie o 160,000 square kilometres (62,000 sq mi). Its territory covers the classical land o Khwarezm, tho in classical Persie literatur the aurie wis kent as "Kāt کات".

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The population o Karakalpakstan is estimatit at 1,200,000, o whom 500,000 are o the Karakalpak ethnic group, 400,000 are Uzbek an 300,000 are Kazakh. The Karakalpak wur umwhile nomadic herders an fishers, an wur first mentioned in the 16t century. Thair name means "Black Hat", but Karakalpak cultur wis sae lost throu Sovietization that the oreeginal meanin o the black hat is nou unkent. The Karakalpak language is considered closer tae Kazakh than tae Uzbek. Indeed thare are accusations that the ethnic group wis an invention o the Soviet govrenment tae divide the Kazakh population. The leid wis written in a modifee'd Cyrillic in Soviet times an in the Laitin alphabet syne 1996.

Ither than the caipital Nukus, lairge ceeties include Xojeli (Uzbek: Xo'jayli; Roushie: Ходжейли), Shimbai (Шымбай), Konirat (Қоңырат) an Moynaq (Uzbek: Mo'ynoq; Roushie: Муйнак), a umwhile Aral Sea port nou some 85 kilometres (53 mi) inland.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The economy o the region, umwhile hivily dependent on fisheries, is nou supportit bi cotton, rice an melons. Hydroelectric pouer frae a lairge Soviet-biggit station on the Amu Darya is an aa important.

The Amu Darya delta wis ance hivily populatit, an supportit extensive irrigation based agricultur for thoosans o years. Unner the Khorezm, the aurie attained considerable pouer an prosperity. Housomeivver, the gradual climate chynge ower the centuries, acceleratit bi human induced evaporation o the Aral Sea in the late 20t century haes creatit an apocalyptic scene in the region. The auncient oasis o rivers, lakes, reed mairshes, forests an ferms are dryin up an bein pushiont bi wind-borne salt as well as fertilizer an pesticide residues frae the dree'd bed o the Aral Sea. Simmer temperaturs hae risen 10 degrees Celsius an winter temperatures hae decreased bi 10 degrees Celsius. The rate o anemia, respiratory diseases, an ither heal problems haes risen dramatically.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Destricts o Karakalpakstan
Karakalpakstan map.png
Destrict name Destrict caipital
1 Amudaryo Destrict Mang‘it
2 Beruniy Destrict Beruniy
3 Chimboy Destrict Chimboy
4 Ellikqala Destrict Bo‘ston
5 Kegeyli Destrict Kegeyli
6 Mo‘ynoq Destrict Mo‘ynoq
7 Nukus Destrict Oqmang‘it
8 Qonliko‘l Destrict Qanliko‘l
9 Qo‘ng‘irot Destrict Qo‘ng‘irot
10 Qorao‘zak Destrict Qorao‘zak
11 Shumanay Destrict Shumanay
12 Taxtako‘pir Destrict Taxtako‘pir
13 To‘rtko‘l Destrict To‘rtko‘l
14 Xo‘jayli Destrict Xo‘jayli

Unthirldom muivement[eedit | eedit soorce]

Recently the wabsteid o Radio Free Europe broadcast a report on the beginnins o an unthirldom muivement in Karakalpakstan due tae the bad environmental an social conditions o the republic, tho ither residents an politeecians frae the region strangly deny the existence or desire for a genuine unthirldom muivement.

Technology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Radio[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2009, the first radio station o Karakalpakstan wis opened. The station is cried Nukus FM, which broadcasts on radiowave 100.4 MHz an anerlie in Nukus. The radio doesna broadcast online, but ane can listen tae the samples online on the muisic wabsteid o Karakalpakstan.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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