Nukus

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Nukus
Uzbek: Nukus / Нукус
Karakalpak: No‘kis / Нөкис
The Savitsky Karakalpakstan Art Museum at Nukus
Nukus is located in Uzbekistan
Nukus
Nukus
Location in Uzbekistan
Coordinates: 42°28′N 59°36′E / 42.467°N 59.600°E / 42.467; 59.600
Kintra Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan
Province Flag of Karakalpakstan.svg Karakalpakstan
Population (2004 est.)
 • Total 260,000

Nukus (Uzbek: Nukus / Нукус; Karakalpak: No‘kis / Нөкис; Roushie: Нукус‎) is the saxt-lairgest ceety in Uzbekistan, an the caipital o the autonomous Karakalpakstan Republic. It haes a population of 260,000 (2004 estimate). The Amu Darya river passes wast o the toun.

The ceety is best kent for its warld-class Nukus Museum o Airt.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nukus developed frae a sma settlement in 1932 intae a lairge, modren Soviet ceety wi broad avenues an big public biggins bi the 1950s. The ceety's isolation made it host tae the Red Airmy's Chemical Research Institute, a major research an testin center for chemical warfare weapons.

Environmental concerns[eedit | eedit soorce]

Wi the faw o the Soviet Union an the growin environmental disaster o the Aral Sea, the ceety's situation haes deterioratit. Contamination o the surroondin aurie bi wind-borne salt an pesticides frae the dry Aral Sea bed hae turned the surroondin aurie intae a wasteland, wi vera heich rates o respiratory disorders, cancer, birth defects an deformities.

Sights[eedit | eedit soorce]

The panoramic view o Nukus

Nukus is host tae the Nukus Museum o Airt (an aa kent as the State Airt Museum o the Republic o Karakalpakstan, named efter Igor V. Savitsky) an State Museum. The State Museum hooses the uisual collection o airtifacts recovered frae airchaeological investigations, traditional jewelry, costumes an muisical instruments, but mair interestingly, displays o the aurie's nou vanished or endangered flora an fauna, an on the Aral Sea issue. The Airt Museum is notit for its collection o modren Roushie an Uzbek airt frae 1918-1935. Stalin tried his best tae eliminate aw non Soviet airt frae this period, an sent maist o the airtists tae the gulag. Baith Savitsky hissel an the collection at Nukus survived acause o the ceety's remoteness.[1]

Nukus is an aa hame tae the Progress Center, Central Asie's finest Inglis-leid institute. Hoosed in a umwhile Komsomol meetin haw, the institute haes received major fundin frae UNICEF.[2]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nukus experiences a desert climate (Köppen BWk) wi simmers that are lang, dry an vera hot, an winters that are short, though quite cauld.

Climate data for Nukus
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
1.9
(35.4)
10.6
(51.1)
21.0
(69.8)
28.7
(83.7)
33.8
(92.8)
36.0
(96.8)
33.3
(91.9)
27.5
(81.5)
18.1
(64.6)
10.2
(50.4)
2.6
(36.7)
18.62
(65.51)
Average laich °C (°F) −8.8
(16.2)
−7.9
(17.8)
−0.8
(30.6)
7.6
(45.7)
13.9
(57.0)
18.3
(64.9)
20.8
(69.4)
18.1
(64.6)
11.8
(53.2)
4.3
(39.7)
−0.7
(30.7)
−5.2
(22.6)
5.95
(42.71)
Precipitation mm (inches) 10.1
(0.398)
8.7
(0.343)
16.4
(0.646)
19.3
(0.76)
12.2
(0.48)
3.9
(0.154)
3.5
(0.138)
2.1
(0.083)
3.0
(0.118)
8.7
(0.343)
9.4
(0.37)
13.6
(0.535)
110.9
(4.366)
Avg. precipitation days 9.5 7.6 8.9 9.0 6.1 3.6 2.8 1.7 2.4 4.9 6.1 9.7 72.3
Source: World Meteorological Organisation (UN) [3]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Tom Bissell, Chasing the Sea, Pantheon (2003). ISBN 0-375-42130-0. p. 323–324.
  2. Bissell, Chasing the Sea, p. 325–326.
  3. "World Weather Information Service – Nukus". United Nations. Retrieved 05 January 2011. 

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 42°28′N 59°36′E / 42.467°N 59.600°E / 42.467; 59.600