Samarkand

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Samarkand

Uzbek: Samarqand, Самарқанд
Official seal of Samarkand
Seal
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Coordinates: 39°42′N 66°59′E / 39.700°N 66.983°E / 39.700; 66.983Coordinates: 39°42′N 66°59′E / 39.700°N 66.983°E / 39.700; 66.983
CountryFlag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan
ProvinceSamarqand Province
Settled5t century BC
Govrenment
 • TeepCeety Admeenistration
 • Hakim (Mayor)Akbar Shukurov
Area
 • Total108 km2 (42 sq mi)
Elevation
702 m (2,303 ft)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total436,300
Time zoneUTC+5 ( )
Websitehttp://samshahar.uz/

Samarkand (Uzbek: Samarqand; Tajik: Самарқанд; Persie: سمرقند‎; frae Sogdian: "Stane Fort" or "Rock Toun") is the seicont-lairgest ceety in Uzbekistan an the caipital o Samarqand Province. The ceety is maist notit for its central poseetion on the Silk Road atween Cheenae an the Wast, an for bein an Islamic centre for scholarly study. In the 14t century, it became the caipital o the empire o Timur (Tamerlane), an is the site o his mausoleum (the Gur-e Amir). The Bibi-Khanym Mosque remains ane o the ceety's maist notable laundmerks. The Registan wis the auncient centre o the ceety.

In 2001, UNESCO addit the ceety tae its Warld Heritage Leet as Samarkand – Crossroads o Culturs.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]