Samarkand (Uzbek: Samarqand; Tajik: Самарқанд; Persian: سمرقند; from Sogdian: "Stane Fort" or "Rock Toun") is the seicont-lairgest ceety in Uzbekistan an the caipital o Samarqand Province. The ceety is maist notit for its central position on the Silk Road atween Cheenae an the Wast, an for being an Islamic centre for scholarly study. In the 14t century, it became the caipital o the empire o Timur (Tamerlane), an is the site o his mausoleum (the Gur-e Amir). The Bibi-Khanym Mosque remains ane o the ceety's maist notable landmarks. The Registan wis the ancient centre o the ceety.