Tunisie

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Republic o Tunisie
الجمهورية التونسية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah at-Tūnisīyah

Banner o Tunisie
Coat o airms o Tunisie
Banner Coat o airms
Motto: حرية، ، عدالة، نظام
"Ḥurrīyah, 'Adālah, Niẓām"
"Liberty, Justice, Order"[1]
Anthem: حماة الحمى
Humat al-Hima
Defenders o the Hameland
Location o  Tunisie  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  Tunisie  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Location o Tunisie
Capital
an lairgest ceety
Tunis
36°50′N 10°9′E / 36.833°N 10.150°E / 36.833; 10.150
Offeecial leids Arabic[2]
Spoken leids
Inglis (commercial an edidcational)
Ethnic groups
Releegion Islam
Demonym Tunisie
Govrenment Unitar semi-presidential republic[9][10]
• Preses
Beji Caid Essebsi
Youssef Chahed
Legislatur Assembly o the Representatives o the Fowk
Formation
• Husainid Dynasty inauguratit
15 Julie 1705
• Independence frae Fraunce
20 Mairch 1956
25 Julie 1957
14 Januar 2011
Aurie
• Tot
163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi) (93rd)
• Watter (%)
5.0
Population
• 2014 estimate
10,982,754[11] (79t)
• Density
63/km2 (163.2/sq mi) (133rd)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$130.831 billion[12]
• Per capita
$11,656[12]
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$42.388 billion[12]
• Per capita
$3,776[12]
Gini (2010) 36.1[13]
middlin
HDI (2016) Increase 0.725[14]
heich · 97th
Siller Tunisie dinar (TND)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
Drives on the richt
Cawin code +216
Internet TLD

Tunisie, offeecially the Tunisian Republic (الجمهورية التونسية‎ al-Jumhūriyya at-Tūnisiyya), is the northrenmaist kintra in Africae. It is an Arab kintra an is bordered bi Algerie tae the wast, Libie tae the sootheast, an the Mediterranean Sea tae the north an east. Its aurie is amaist 165,000 km², wi an estimatit population o juist ower 10.3 million. Its name is derived frae the caipital Tunis locatit in the north-east.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: [[:Etymology o Tunis]]

The word Tunisie is derived frae Tunis; a ceety an caipital o modren-day Tunisie. The present form o the name, wi its Latinate suffix -ia, evolved frae French Tunisie. This name wis introduced bi French geographers an historians as pairt o their efforts tae give names tae their new occupied territories an protectorates. The French derivative Tunisie wis adoptit in some European leids wi slicht modifications, introducin a distinctive name tae designate the kintra. Ither leids remained untouched, such as the Spainyie Túnez. In this case, the same name is uised for baith kintra an ceety as in Arabic: تونس an ae bi context can ane tell the difference.[16]

The name Tunis can be attributit tae different oreegins. It can be associatit wi the Phoenician goddess Tanith (aka Tunit), auncient ceety o Tynes or tae the Berber ruit ens which means "tae lie doun".

Govrenorates an ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Govrenorates[eedit | eedit soorce]

Govrenorates o Tunisie

Tunisia is subdividit intae 24 govrenorates, they are:

  1. Ariana
  2. Béja
  3. Ben Arous
  4. Bizerte
  5. Gabès
  6. Gafsa
  7. Jendouba
  8. Kairouan
  9. Kasserine
  10. Kebili
  11. Kef
  12. Mahdia
  1. Manouba
  2. Medenine
  3. Monastir
  4. Nabeul
  5. Sfax
  6. Sidi Bou Zid
  7. Siliana
  8. Sousse
  9. Tataouine
  10. Tozeur
  11. Tunis
  12. Zaghouan

The govrenorates are dividit intae 264 "delegations" or "destricts" (mutamadiyat), an further subdividit intae municipalities (shaykhats)[17] an sectors (imadats).[18]

Major ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

:See an aa:Leet o ceeties in Tunisie

Nr. Ceety Population Governatorate
1
Tunis
983,861 [19]
Tunis
2
Sfax
855,256 [20]
Sfax
3
Kairouan
546,209 [21]
Kairouan
4
Sousse
544,413 [22]
Sousse
5
Ettadhamen [23]
422,246 [24]
Ariana
6
Gabès
342,630
Gabès
7
Bizerte
114,371
Bizerte
8
Aryanah [23]
97,687
Ariana
9
Gafsa
84,676
Gafsa
10
El Mourouj [23]
81,986
Ben Arous

Affiliations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tunisie is a member o the follaein organizations:

Organization Dates
Unitit Naitions syne 12 November 1956
Arab League syne 1958
Organization o the Islamic Conference syne 1969
Warld Tred Organisation syne 29 Mairch 1995
Mediterranean Dialogue group syne Februar 1995

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Tunisia Constitution, Article 4" (PDF). 26 Januar 2014. Retrieved 10 Februar 2014. 
  2. "Tunisian Constitution, Article 1" (PDF). 26 Januar 2014. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 9 Februar 2014. Retrieved 10 Februar 2014.  Translation by the University of Bern: "Tunisia is a free State, independent and sovereign; its religion is the Islam, its language is Arabic, and its form is the Republic."
  3. Arabic, Tunisian Spoken. Ethnologue (19 February 1999). Retrieved on 5 September 2015.
  4. "Tamazight language". Encyclopædia Britannica. 
  5. "Nawaat – Interview avec l' Association Tunisienne de Culture Amazighe". Nawaat. 
  6. "An outline of the Shilha (Berber) vernacular of Douiret (Southern Tunisia)". 
  7. "Tunisian Amazigh and the Fight for Recognition – Tunisialive". Tunisialive. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Tunisia". CIA World Factbook. Archived frae the original on 16 October 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
  9. Frosini, Justin; Biagi, Francesco (2014). Political and Constitutional Transitions in North Africa: Actors and Factors. Routledge. p. 4. ISBN 9781317597452. 
  10. Choudhry, Sujit; Stacey, Richard (2014) "Semi-presidential government in Tunisia and Egypt". International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  11. "National Institute of Statistics-Tunisia". National Institute of Statistics-Tunisia. 12 September 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 "Tunisia". International Monetary Fund. 
  13. "GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved 19 Januar 2013. 
  14. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 04 April 2016.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  15. "Report on the Delegation of تونس.". Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. 2010. Retrieved 8 November 2010. 
  16. Room, Adrian (2006). Placenames of the World: Origins and Meanings of the Names for 6,600 Countries, Cities, Territories, Natural Features, and Historic Sites. McFarland. p. 385. ISBN 0-7864-2248-3. 
  17. "Tunisia Governorates". Statoids.com. Retrieved 2010-05-02. 
  18. Portail de l'industrie Tunisienne, in French
  19. 3,980,500 in the metropolitan aurie
  20. "Mongabay.com, population of Sfax". Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  21. "Mongabay.com, population of Kairouan". Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  22. "Mongabay.com, population of Sousse". Retrieved 2009-10-09. 
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 Part of Tunis metropolitan area
  24. "FITA, population of At Tadaman". Retrieved 2009-10-09. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg Travel guide tae Tunisie frae Wikivoyage