Tunisie Revolution

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Tunisie Revolution
الثورة التونسية
Protesters wi a sign that says "Ben Ali, get oot” in French.
Date18 December 2010 – 14 Januar 2011 (3 weeks an 6 days)
Caused bi
Resultit inOwerthrow o Ben Ali govrenment
  • Resignation o Prime Meenister Ghannouchi[1]
  • Dissolution o the poleetical police[2]
  • Dissolution o the RCD, the umwhile rulin pairty o Tunisie an liquidation o its assets[3]
  • Release o poleetical prisoners[4]
  • Elections tae a Constituent Assembly on 23 October 2011[5]

The Tunisie Revolution[7][8] wis an intensive campaign o ceevil resistance, includin a series o street demonstrations takin place in Tunisie. The events began in December 2010 an led tae the oostin o langtime Preses Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in Januar 2011.

The demonstrations wur precipitatit bi heich unemployment, fuid inflation, corruption,[9] a lack o freedom o speech an ither poleetical freedom[10] an poor livin conditions. The protests constitutit the maist dramatic wave o social an poleetical unrest in Tunisie in three decades[11][12] an hae resultit in scores o daiths an injuries, maist o which wur the result o action bi polis an security forces against demonstrators. The protests wur spairked bi the sel-immolation o Mohamed Bouazizi on December 17[13] an led tae the oostin o Preses Zine El Abidine Ben Ali 28 days later on 14 Januar 2011, whan he offeecially resigned efter fleein tae Saudi Arabie, endin 23 years in pouer.[14][15] Labour unions wur said tae be an integral pairt o the protests.[16] The protests inspired seemilar actions throughoot the Arab warld; the Egyptian revolution began efter the events in Tunisie an an' a' led tae the oostin o Egyp's langtime preses Hosni Mubarak; furthermair, protests hae an aa taken place in Algerie, Yemen, Libie, Jordan, Bahrain, Iraq, Mauritanie,[17] Pakistan[18] an elsewhaur in the wider Middle East an North Africae.

Namin[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Tunisie an the wider Arab warld, the protests an chynge in govrenment are cried the Sidi Bouzid Revolt, derived frae Sidi Bouzid, the ceety whaur the initial protests began.[19][20][21] In the media, thir events hae been dubbed the Jasmine Revolution[22][23] in keepin wi the geopoleetical nomenclature o "color revolutions", awtho the comparison is disputit, notably bi mony Tunisians thairsels.[24][25][26][27]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Kim Willsher, Paris. "Tunisian prime minister Mohamed Ghannouchi resigns amid unrest | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
  2. "Tunisia forms national unity government amid unrest". BBC News. 17 Januar 2011.
  3. "Tunisia dissolves Ben Ali party". Al Jazeera. 9 Mairch 2011. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011.
  4. Beaumont, Peter (19 Januar 2011). "Tunisia set to release political prisoners". The Guardian. London.
  5. "Tunisia election delayed until 23 October". Reuters. 8 Juin 2011. Archived frae the original on 1 October 2015. Retrieved 8 Juin 2011.
  6. a b "Report: 338 killed during Tunisia revolution". Archived frae the original on 8 Apryle 2020. Retrieved 30 Apryle 2013.
  7. Yasmine Ryan (26 Januar 2011). "How Tunisia's revolution began – Features". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 13 Februar 2011.
  8. "Wikileaks might have triggered Tunis' revolution". Alarabiya.net. Retrieved 13 Februar 2011.
  9. Spencer, Richard. "Tunisia riots: Reform or be overthrown, US tells Arab states amid fresh riots". Telegraph. Archived frae the original on 28 Apryle 2011. Retrieved 14 Januar 2011.
  10. Ryan, Yasmine. "Tunisia's bitter cyberwar". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 14 Januar 2011.
  11. "Tunisia's Protest Wave: Where It Comes From and What It Means for Ben Ali | The Middle East Channel". Mideast.foreignpolicy.com. 3 Januar 2011. Archived frae the original on 15 November 2013. Retrieved 14 Januar 2011.
  12. Borger, Julian (29 December 2010). "Tunisian president vows to punish rioters after worst unrest in a decade". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 29 December 2010.
  13. Tunisia suicide protester Mohammed Bouazizi dies, BBC, January 5, 2011.
  14. Wyre Davies (15 December 2010). "BBC News – Tunisia: President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali forced out". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 14 Januar 2011.
  15. "Uprising in Tunisia: People Power topples Ben Ali regime". Indybay. 16 Januar 2011. Retrieved 26 Januar 2011.
  16. "Trade unions: the revolutionary social network at play in Egypt and Tunisia". Defenddemocracy.org. Retrieved 11 Februar 2011.
  17. "'Facebook Generation' continues Mauritania protests| CNN International". Archived frae the original on 29 November 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  18. Pakistan: 'The spirit of March 15' — pro-democracy movement wins: | Green Left Weekly
  19. "Niet compatibele browser". Facebook. Retrieved 8 Februar 2011.
  20. "The Sidi Bouzid Revolution: Ben Ali flees as protests spread in Tunisia". libcom.org. Retrieved 8 Februar 2011.
  21. "Revolte Tunisie Sidi bouzid 3". YouTube. 4 Januar 2011. Retrieved 8 Februar 2011.
  22. Par Frédéric Frangeul (19 Januar 2011). "D'où vient la "révolution du jasmin" ?". Europe1.fr. Retrieved 26 Januar 2011.
  23. D’où vient la "révolution du jasmin" ? Europe1.fr International, 17 january 2011 (Google Translate version)
  24. "Google Translate" (in (in French)). Translate.google.fr. 17 Januar 2011. Retrieved 8 Februar 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  25. "Google Translate" (in (in French)). Translate.google.fr. Retrieved 8 Februar 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  26. ""Révolution du jasmin" : une expression qui ne fait pas l'unanimité". LeMonde.fr. 17 Januar 2011. Retrieved 28 Januar 2011.
  27. Olivier Malaponti (15 Januar 2011). "Révolution de jasmin ?". Mediapart.fr. Retrieved 28 Januar 2011.