2011 Egyptian revolution

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The 2011 Egyptian Revolution (Arabic: ثورة ٢٥ ينايرthawret 25 yanāyir, Revolution o 25 Januar) teuk place follaein a popular uprisin that began on 25 Januar 2011. The uprisin, in which the participants placed emphasis on the peaceful nature o the struggle, mainly comprised a campaign o ceevil resistance, which featured a series o demonstrations, mairches, acts o ceevil disobedience, an labor strikes. Millions o protesters frae a variety o socio-economic an releegious backgrunds demandit the owerthrow o the regime of Egyptian Preses Hosni Mubarak. Despite being predominantly peaceful in nature, the revolution wis no athoot violent clashes atween security forces an protesters. The campaign teuk place in Cairo, Alexandria, an in ither ceeties in Egyp, follaein the Tunisian Revolution that saw the owerthrow o the lang time Tunisian preses, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. On 11 Februar, follaein weeks o determined popular protest an pressure, Mubarak resigned frae office.

Grievances o Egyptian protesters focused on legal an poleetical issues[1] includin polis brutality,[2] state o emergency laws,[2] lack o free elections an freedom o speech,[3] uncontrollable corruption,[3] as well as economic issues includin heich unemployment,[4] fuid price inflation,[4] an law minimum wages.[2][4] The primary demands frae protest organizers are the end o the Hosni Mubarak regime, the end o Emergency Law (martial law), freedom, juistice, a responsive non-military govrenment, an a say in the management o Egyp's resources.[5] Strikes bi labor unions addit tae the pressure on govrenment offeecials.[6]

Internaitional response tae the protests wis initially mixed,[7] though maist hae cried for some sort o peaceful protests on baith sides an moves toward reform. Maistly Wastren govrenments an aa expressed concern for the situation. Mony govrenments issued travel advisories an began makin attempts at evacuatin their citizens frae the kintra.[8] The Egyptian Revolution, alang wi Tunisian events, haes influenced demonstrations in ither Arab kintras includin Yemen, Bahrain, Jordan an lairge ithers.

Namin[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Egyp an an' a' the wider Arab warld, the protests an subsequent chynges in the govrenment, are maistly cried the 25 Januar Revolution (ثورة 25 يناير Thawrat 25 Yanāyir) an Rage Revolution (ثورة الغضب),an sometimes cried [9] the Revolution o the Youth (ثورة الشباب Thawrat al-Shabāb), Lotus Revolution (ثورة اللوتس) or the White Revolution (الثورة البيضاء al-Thawrah al-bayḍāʾ). In the Media it haes been kent as the "18 Day Revolution".

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Q&A: What's Behind the Unrest?". SBS. 27 Januar 2011. Archived frae the original on 1 Mey 2011. Retrieved 29 Januar 2011.
  2. a b c AFP (25 Januar 2011). "Egypt braces for nationwide protests". France24. Archived frae the original on 1 Februar 2011. Retrieved 29 Januar 2011.
  3. a b "Egypt activists plan biggest protest yet on Friday". Al Arabiya. 27 Januar 2011. Retrieved 29 Januar 2011.
  4. a b c AFP (27 Januar 2011). "Egypt protests a ticking time bomb: Analysts". The New Age. Retrieved 29 Januar 2011.
  5. "Egyptian Activists' Action Plan: Translated". The Atlantic. 27 Januar 2011.
  6. "Trade unions: the revolutionary social network at play in Egypt and Tunisia". Defenddemocracy.org. Retrieved 11 Februar 2011.
  7. "Regional Reaction Mixed For Egypt Protests". Eurasia Review. Archived frae the original on 22 Februar 2011. Retrieved 19 Februar 2011.
  8. "Travel warning issued, evacuation to start as protests continue in Egypt". English People's Daily Online. 31 Januar 2011. Retrieved 19 Februar 2011.
  9. "The 25 January Revolution (Special issue)". Al-Ahram Weekly. 10–16 Februar 2011. Archived frae the original on 5 Mey 2013. Retrieved 15 Februar 2011.

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