Tunisie Revolution

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Tunisie Revolution
الثورة التونسية
Tunisia Unrest - VOA - Tunis 14 Jan 2011 (3).jpg
Protesters wi a sign that says "Ben Ali, get oot” in French.
Date18 December 2010 – 14 Januar 2011 (3 weeks an 6 days)
Caused bi
Resultit inOwerthrow o Ben Ali govrenment
  • Resignation o Prime Meenister Ghannouchi[1]
  • Dissolution o the poleetical police[2]
  • Dissolution o the RCD, the umwhile rulin pairty o Tunisie an liquidation o its assets[3]
  • Release o poleetical prisoners[4]
  • Elections tae a Constituent Assembly on 23 October 2011[5]

The Tunisie Revolution[7][8] wis an intensive campaign o ceevil resistance, includin a series o street demonstrations takin place in Tunisie. The events began in December 2010 an led tae the oostin o langtime Preses Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in Januar 2011.

The demonstrations wur precipitatit bi heich unemployment, fuid inflation, corruption,[9] a lack o freedom o speech an ither poleetical freedom[10] an poor livin conditions. The protests constitutit the maist dramatic wave o social an poleetical unrest in Tunisie in three decades[11][12] an hae resultit in scores o daiths an injuries, maist o which wur the result o action bi polis an security forces against demonstrators. The protests wur spairked bi the sel-immolation o Mohamed Bouazizi on December 17[13] an led tae the oostin o Preses Zine El Abidine Ben Ali 28 days later on 14 Januar 2011, whan he offeecially resigned efter fleein tae Saudi Arabie, endin 23 years in pouer.[14][15] Labour unions wur said tae be an integral pairt o the protests.[16] The protests inspired seemilar actions throughoot the Arab warld; the Egyptian revolution began efter the events in Tunisie an an' a' led tae the oostin o Egyp's langtime preses Hosni Mubarak; furthermair, protests hae an aa taken place in Algerie, Yemen, Libie, Jordan, Bahrain, Iraq, Mauritanie,[17] Pakistan[18] an elsewhaur in the wider Middle East an North Africae.

Namin[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Tunisie an the wider Arab warld, the protests an chynge in govrenment are cried the Sidi Bouzid Revolt, derived frae Sidi Bouzid, the ceety whaur the initial protests began.[19][20][21] In the media, thir events hae been dubbed the Jasmine Revolution[22][23] in keepin wi the geopoleetical nomenclature o "color revolutions", awtho the comparison is disputit, notably bi mony Tunisians thairsels.[24][25][26][27]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Kim Willsher, Paris. "Tunisian prime minister Mohamed Ghannouchi resigns amid unrest | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
  2. "Tunisia forms national unity government amid unrest". BBC News. 17 January 2011.
  3. "Tunisia dissolves Ben Ali party". Al Jazeera. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
  4. Beaumont, Peter (19 January 2011). "Tunisia set to release political prisoners". The Guardian. London.
  5. "Tunisia election delayed until 23 October". Reuters. 8 June 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Report: 338 killed during Tunisia revolution
  7. Yasmine Ryan (2011-01-26). "How Tunisia's revolution began – Features". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
  8. "Wikileaks might have triggered Tunis' revolution". Alarabiya.net. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
  9. Spencer, Richard. "Tunisia riots: Reform or be overthrown, US tells Arab states amid fresh riots". Telegraph. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
  10. Ryan, Yasmine. "Tunisia's bitter cyberwar". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
  11. "Tunisia's Protest Wave: Where It Comes From and What It Means for Ben Ali | The Middle East Channel". Mideast.foreignpolicy.com. 2011-01-03. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
  12. Borger, Julian (29 December 2010). "Tunisian president vows to punish rioters after worst unrest in a decade". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 29 December 2010.
  13. Tunisia suicide protester Mohammed Bouazizi dies, BBC, January 5, 2011.
  14. Wyre Davies (2010-12-15). "BBC News – Tunisia: President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali forced out". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
  15. "Uprising in Tunisia: People Power topples Ben Ali regime". Indybay. 2011-01-16. Retrieved 2011-01-26.
  16. "Trade unions: the revolutionary social network at play in Egypt and Tunisia". Defenddemocracy.org. Retrieved 2011-02-11.
  17. 'Facebook Generation' continues Mauritania protests| CNN International
  18. Pakistan: 'The spirit of March 15' — pro-democracy movement wins: | Green Left Weekly
  19. "Niet compatibele browser". Facebook. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
  20. "The Sidi Bouzid Revolution: Ben Ali flees as protests spread in Tunisia". libcom.org. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
  21. "Revolte Tunisie Sidi bouzid 3". YouTube. 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
  22. Par Frédéric Frangeul (2011-01-19). "D'où vient la "révolution du jasmin" ?". Europe1.fr. Retrieved 2011-01-26.
  23. D’où vient la "révolution du jasmin" ? Europe1.fr International, 17 january 2011 (Google Translate version)
  24. "Google Translate" (in (in French)). Translate.google.fr. 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-02-08.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  25. "Google Translate" (in (in French)). Translate.google.fr. Retrieved 2011-02-08.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  26. ""Révolution du jasmin" : une expression qui ne fait pas l'unanimité". LeMonde.fr. 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-28.
  27. Olivier Malaponti (2011-01-15). "Révolution de jasmin ?". Mediapart.fr. Retrieved 2011-01-28.