Saudi Arabie

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Kinrick o Saudi Arabie
المملكة العربية السعودية (Arabic)
Al-Mamlakah Al-ʾĀrabīyah As-Saʿūdīyah
Banner o Saudi Arabie
Emblem o Saudi Arabie
Banner Emblem
Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillāl–lāh, Muhammadun rasūl allāh"
"Thare is nae god but God; Muhammad is the messenger o God."[1][lower-alpha 1] (Shahada)
Anthem: السلام الملكي (as an instrumental)
"as-Salām al-Malakiyy"
"The Royal Salute"
Location o Saudi Arabie
Capital
an lairgest ceety
Riyadh
24°39′N 46°46′E / 24.650°N 46.767°E / 24.650; 46.767
Offeecial leids Arabic[3]
Ethnic groups 90% Arab
10% Afro-Arab
Releegion Sunni Islam
Demonym
Govrenment Unitar Islamic absolute monarchy
• Keeng
Salman
Mohammad
Vacant
Legislatur None
Cooncil o Meenisters
Consultative Assembly
Establishment
23 September 1932
24 October 1945
31 Januar 1992
Aurie
• Tot
2,149,690[3] km2 (830,000 sq mi) (12t)
• Watter (%)
0.7
Population
• 2017 estimate
33,000,000[4] (40t)
• Density
15/km2 (38.8/sq mi) (216t)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$1.803 trillion[5] (14t)
• Per capita
$55,229[5] (12t)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$689.004 billion[5] (20t)
• Per capita
$21,100[5] (36t)
HDI (2014) Increase 0.837[6]
very heich · 39t
Siller Saudi riyal (SR) (SAR)
Time zone AST (UTC+3)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (AH)
Drives on the right
Cawin code +966
Internet TLD
  1. ^ Legislation is bi keeng's decree. The Consultative Assembly exists tae advise the keeng.

Saudi Arabie, kent offeecially as the Kinrick o Saudi Arabie (Arabic: المملكة العربية السعودية,al-Mamlaka al-ʻArabiyya as-Saʻūdiyya) is a Muslim kintra in the Middle East. It is a kinrick led bi the Saudi ryal faimily, cried the Hoose o Saud an aw. A lot o the warld's ile supply comes frae Saudi Arabie. Acause o this, the Saudi ryal faimily is gey wealthy.

Saudi Arabie haes ceeties that are important tae the Muslim releegion. Mony Muslims frae aroond the warld gang tae Mecca in Saudi Arabie tae mak a pilgrimage. The pilgrimage is ane o the requirements o thair releegion. Ither muckle ceeties is Riyadh, Jeddah an Dammam. The pilgrimage is cried hajj in the Arabic. A body wha maks a pilgrimage tae Mecca is cried a hajj in the Arabic leid. Fowk wha arenae Muslim are no allowed tae enter Mecca.

Saudi Arabie is hame tae the larigest mass o sand on earth, kent as the empty quarter desert. The temperatur is gey het.

Maist fowk spik the Arabic leid. Mony fowk frae ither kintras wark in Saudi Arabie. Thay are cried expatriates or expats.

The kintras o Yemen an Oman are sooth o Saudi Arabie. Saudi Arabie is wast o Qatar, the Unitit Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Iraq, an Jordan. Aa o these kintras cept Jordan an Iraq mak the Arabian Peninsula.

The siller, or currency is cried the Saudi Riyal.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The shahada (statement o faith) is whiles translatit intae Inglis as "There is no god but Allah" (an sicweys tae Scots as "Thare is nae god but Allah"), uisin the romanisation o the Arabic wird "Allah" insteid o its translation. The Arabic wird "Allah" lrrterally translates as the God, as the prefix "Al-" is the definite airticle.[2]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "About Saudi Arabia: Facts and figures". The royal embassy of Saudi Arabia, Washington, D.C., United States. Archived frae the original on 17 Aprile 2012. 
    • "God". Islam: Empire of Faith. PBS. 
    • "Islam and Christianity", Encyclopedia of Christianity (2001): Arabic-speaking Christians and Jews also refer to God as Allah.
    • L. Gardet. "Allah". Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. 
  2. 3.0 3.1 Saudi Arabia entry at The World Factbook
  3. "Official annual projection". cdsi.gov.sa. 2014. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 9 Mey 2016. 
  4. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Saudi Arabia". International Monetary Fund. 
  5. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015.