Jordan

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The Hashemite Kinrick o Jordan
المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية (Arabic)
Al-Mamlakah Al-Urdunnīyah Al-Ḥāshimīyah
Banner o Jordan
Coat o airms o Jordan
Banner Coat o airms
Motto: "God, Kintra, Keeng"
الله، الوطن، الملك (Arabic)
Allah, Al-Waṭan, Al-Malik[1]
Anthem: (Scots: The Ryal Anthem o Jordan)
السلام الملكي الأردني
Al-Salam Al-Malaki Al-Urdunni

Jordan (orthographic projection).svg
Map of Jordan showing influential governorate centers
Map of Jordan showing influential governorate centers
Capital
an lairgest ceety
Amman
31°57′N 35°56′E / 31.950°N 35.933°E / 31.950; 35.933
Offeecial leids Arabic
Ethnic groups
Demonym Jordanian
Govrenment Unitar pairlamentar constitutional monarchy
• Keeng
Abdullah II
Hani Al-Mulki
Legislatur Pairlament
Senate
Hoose o Representatives
Unthirldom frae Breetain
11 Apryle 1921
25 May 1946
Aurie
• Tot
89,341 km2 (34,495 sq mi) (112t)
Population
• August 2017 estimate
9,952,293[2] (90t)
• November 2015 census
9,531,712
• Density
107/km2 (277.1/sq mi) (100t)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$86.193 billion[3] (87t)
• Per capita
$11,124[3] (86t)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$39.453 billion[3] (92nt)
• Per capita
$5,092[3] (95t)
Gini (2011) 35.4[4]
middlin
HDI (2014) Steady 0.748[5]
heich · 80th
Siller Dinar (JOD)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
EEST (UTC+3)
Drives on the ri ht
Cawin code +962
Internet TLD .jo
.الاردن

Jordan (/ˈdʒɔrdən/), offeecially the Hashemite Kinrick o Jordan, an forby kent as the JK (short for The Jordanian Kinrick), is a kinrick on the East Bank o the River Jordan in Wastren Asie. It haes mairches wi Saudi Arabie sooth-eastlins, Iraq eastlins, Sirie norlins an Israel an Palestine tae the wast, sharin control o the Dead Sea. Jordan's anerlie port is at its soothren tip, at the Gulf o Aqaba, whilk is skared wi Israel, Egyp, an Saudi Arabie. Hantle o Jordan is kivered bi the Arabian Desert. Housomeivver, the north-wastren pairt o Jordan is pairt o the Fertile Crescent. The caipital ceety is Amman.

Throu its history, Jordan haes seen a thrang o ceevilizations, includin sic auncient near eastren anes as the Canaanites an later ither Semitic fowks lik the Edomites, an the Moabites. Ither ceevilizations possessin poleetical sovereignty an influence in Jordan wur: Akkadian, Assyrian, Israelite/Judean, Babylonian, an Persian empires. The lands o Jordan wur for a time unner the rule o Pharaonic Egyp, componed pairt o the greater Kinrick o Israel (includin the later Judaean Kinrick, Hasmonaen Kinrick o Israel an Herodian Dynasty), an notably, the region o Jordan gied birth tae the Nabataean ceevilization an aw, whilk left rich airchaeological remains at Petra, ane o the New Seiven Wonders o the Warld locatit in the Ma'an Govrenorate. Cultur faurer wast left their mark an aa, like the Macedonian/Greek/Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, an Ottoman Turkis empires. Syne the seivent century C.E., the aurie haes been unner the primary rule o Muslim an Arab cultur, wi the exceptions briefly for the aurie in wastren Jordan that wis pairt o the Crusader Kinrick o Jerusalem, an for the hale region in the early-mid twintiet century C.E. unner Breetish rule whilk led tae Jordan's establishment as an autonomous state.

The Hashemite Kinrick o Jordan is a constitutional monarchy wi representative govrenment. The reignin monarch is the chief executive an the commander-in-chief o the airmed forces. The keeng exercises his executive authority through the prime meenisters an the Cooncil o Meenisters, or cabinet. The cabinet, atween hauns, is responsible afore the democratically elect Hoose o Deputies whilk, alang wi the Hoose o Notables (Senate), constitutes the legislative branch o the govrenment. The judicial branch is an independent branch o the govrenment.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The kinrick is named efter the river Jordan. The name "Jordan" derives frae the Semitic leids an haes multiple meanins (Auncient Arabian الأردن meanin "Steep/Slope" frae the ruit أرد Arda, Ebreu ruit ירד Yrd an Canaanite), via the Aramaic Yarden meanin "a bodie wha descends".

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: Govrenorates o Jordan

The Admeenistrative Diveesions seestem bi the Meenistry o Interior dividit Jordan intae 12 provinces cried govrenorates, ilkane heidit bi a govrenor appoint bi the keeng. They are the anerly authorities for aw govrenment depairtments an development projects in their respective auries.

  1. Temperman, Jeroen (2010). State-Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law: Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance. Brill. p. 87. ISBN 90-04-18148-2. Retrieved 20 Mairch 2016. 
  2. "Population clock". Jordan Department of Statistics. Retrieved 25 Juin 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Jordan". International Monetary Fund. 
  4. "Gini index". World Bank. Retrieved 14 Juin 2016. 
  5. "2015 Human Development Report Summary" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 1 Januar 2015. pp. 21–25. Retrieved 6 Juin 2016.