Tafilah Govrenorate

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Location o Tafilah Govrenorate
The famous Dana Gorge in Tafilah Govrenorate

Tafilah (Arabic: الطفيلة‎‎) is ane o the govrenorates o Jordan, locatit aboot 180 km sooth-wast o Amman, Jordan's caipital.

Tafilah Govrenorate is bordered bi Karak Govrenorate tae the north, Ma'an Govrenorate tae the east an sooth, Aqaba Govrenorate tae the sooth, an bi Israel tae the wast. The aurie o this province constitutes 2.5% o the aurie o the Hashemite Kinrick o Jordan. It is dividit intae three depairtments. The population as o 2005 is aboot 82,000 (i.e. 1.6% o Jordan's population in 2005) livin in 32 touns an veelages athort the govrenorate (makin it the least populatit govrenorate o Jordan).

The Edomite kinrick at its peak, Busaira in Tafilah Govrenorate wis the caipital o Edom

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

the ruins o Bozrah, the caipital o Edom in Busaira

Tafilah Govrenorate haes been inhabitit bi the Edomites syne the 11t century B.C. The entire land covered bi Tafilah Govrenorate wis the stranghauld o the Edomites wi the toun o Busaira as the caipital o Edom. The valley kent as Wadi Al-Hasa formed the bundary atween Edom an the neighborin kinrick o Moab in present-day Karak Govrenorate. Currently Wadi Al-Hasa forms the bundary atween Tafilah an Kerak Govrenorates, an itsel belangs admeenistratively tae Karak Govrenorate.

Amaist aw touns in Tafilah Govrenorate date back tae the Edomite period, the caipital ceety o Tafilah held the Edomite name o Tophel.

Edom aften allied wi Moab an Ammon, an later wi the Nabateans till their fall tae the Roman Empire.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The population o Tafilah Govrenorate is estimatit tae be aboot 81,000 for the year 2008. The Jordan Naitional Census o the year 2004 shows that Tafilah Govrenorate haed a population o 75,267 in 2004 livin in the ceety o Tafilah an 31 ither touns an veelages, o whom 73,767 wur Jordanian citizens (98%). The male tae female ratio wis 51 tae 49.[1]

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nahias o Tafilah

Airticle 11 o the Admeenistrative Diveesions Seestem o the Jordanian Meenistry o Interior divides Tafilah Govrenorate intae three depairtments as follaes [2] :

Depairtment Arabic Name Regions Population (2004) [1] Admeenistrative Center
1 Caipital Depairtment (Al-Qasaba) لواء قصبة الطفيلة includes the ceety o Tafilah an 19 ither touns an veelages 46,892 Tafilah
2 Bisaira Depairtment لواء بصيرا includes 9 touns an veelages 19,343 Busaira
3 Al-Hasa Depairtment لواء الحسا includes three touns an veelages 9,032 Al-Hasa

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The govrenorate depends mainly on agricultur an tourists frae ither pairts o the kintra visitin the natural reserves an hot water springs in it. The total aurie o fruit an olive farms in the govrenorate in 2008 wis 42.210 km2 o which mair than 31 km2 wur o olive farms. Toun o Rashadiya haes the heichest elevation in the province at 1500m abuin sea level an receives an annual rain fall o 240 mm.

Touristic an Archeological Sites[eedit | eedit soorce]

Some o the historic an natural sites in Tafila Govrenorate are:

  • Busaira An aa kent as Bozra, wis the caipital o the kinrick o Edom
  • Sela: anither Edomite ceety at the far soothren edge o Tafilah Govrenorate
  • Tophel: The present-day ceety o Tafilah is built on the ruins o this edomite toun.
  • The auncient copper mines at Wadi Faynan.
  • The Dana natural reserve
  • The Afra hot water springs
  • The Bubeita hot water springs

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2004 census
  2. Meenistry o Interior Admeenistrative Diveesions (Arabic)

Coordinates: 30°50′09″N 35°36′44″E / 30.83583°N 35.61222°E / 30.83583; 35.61222