Petra

Frae Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Petra
Petra Jordan BW 21.JPG
Al Khazneh or The Treasury at Petra
LocationMa'an Govrenorate, Jordan
Coordinates30°19′43″N 35°26′31″E / 30.32861°N 35.44194°E / 30.32861; 35.44194Coordinates: 30°19′43″N 35°26′31″E / 30.32861°N 35.44194°E / 30.32861; 35.44194
Elevation810 m (2,657 ft)
Settled7000 BC[1]
Built1200 BC[1]
Veesitors580,000 (in 2007)
Govrenin bodyPetra Region Authority
TeepCultural
Criteriei, iii, iv
Designatit1985 (9t session)
Reference no.326
State PairtyJordan
RegionArab States
Wabsteidwww.visitpetra.jo

Petra (Greek "πέτρα" (petra), meanin stane; Arabic: البتراء, Al-Batrāʾ) is a historical an airchaeological ceety in the Jordanian govrenorate o Ma'an that is famous for its rock cut airchitectur an watter conduit seestem. Established sometime aroond the 6t century BC as the caipital ceety o the Nabataeans,[2] it is a seebol o Jordan as well as its maist visitit tourist attraction.[2] It lees on the slope o Munt Hor[3] in a basin amang the muntains that form the eastren flank o Arabah (Wadi Araba), the lairge valley runnin frae the Deid Sea tae the Gulf o Aqaba. Petra haes been a UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid syne 1985.

The steid remained unkent tae the Wastren warld till 1812, when it wis introducit bi Swiss splorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. It wis describit as "a rose-red ceety hauf as auld as time" in a Newdigate Prize-winnin poem bi John William Burgon. UNESCO haes describit it as "ane o the maist precious cultural properties o man's cultural heritage".[4] Petra wis chuisen bi the BBC as ane o "the 40 places ye hae tae see afore ye dee".[5]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Business Optimization Consultants B.O.C. "Petra". Kinghussein.gov.jo. Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Major Attractions: Petra, Jordan tourism board
  3. Mish, Frederick C., Editor in Chief. “Petra.” Webster’s Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary. 9th ed. Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster Inc., 1985. ISBN 0-87779-508-8.
  4. "UNESCO advisory body evaluation" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  5. Davey, Steve. "Unforgettable Places To See Before You Die", BBC, 12 December 2003.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]