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Greek leid

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
RegionGreece, soothren Mediterranean
Native speakers
13.4 million (2012)[1]
Early form
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in
 European Union
Recognised minority
leid in
Leid codes
ISO 639-1el
ISO 639-2gre (B)
ell (T)
ISO 639-3Variously:
ell – Modren Greek
grc – Auncient Greek
cpg – Cappadocian Greek
gmy – Mycenaean Greek
pnt – Pontic
tsd – Tsakonian
yej – Yevanic
  • 56-AAA-a
  • 56-AAA-aa to -am (varieties)
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Greek (Greek: ελληνική γλώσσα or semply ελληνικά — "Hellenic") haes a documentit history o 3,400 year, the langest o ony single naitural leid in the Indo-European leid faimily. It is ane o the earliest attestit Indo-European leids an aw, wi fragmentary records in Mycenaean datin back tae the 15t or 14t century BC, makkin it the warld's auldest recordit leevin leid. The day, it is spoken bi aboot 17–25 million fowk in Greece (offeecial), Cyprus (offeecial), Albanie, Bulgarie, North Macedonie, Italy, Turkey, Armenie, Georgie, Ukraine, Moldovae, Romanie, Roushie, Egyp, Jordan an emigrant communities athort the warld, includin Australie, Unitit States, Canadae, Germany an ithergates.

Greek haes been written in the Greek alphabet (the auldest conteenasly uised alphabet, an the first tae introduce vouels) syne the 9t century BC in Greece (afore that in Linear B), an the 4t century BC in Cyprus (afore that in Cypriot seelabary). Greek literature haes a conteenas history o near-haund three thoosand year.


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  1. Greek at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Auncient Greek at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Cappadocian Greek at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Mycenaean Greek at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Pontic at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Tsakonian at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    (Additional references under 'Language codes' in the information box)
  2. Tsitselikis, Konstantinos (2013). "A surviving treaty: the Lausanne minority protection in Greece and Turkey". In Kristin Henrard (ed.). The interrelation between the right to identity of minorities and their socio-economic participation. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff. pp. 294–295.
  3. "List of Declarations Made with Respect to Treaty No. 148". Council of Europe. Archived frae the original on 22 Mey 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
  4. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Greek". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.