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Coordinates: 26°N 30°E / 26°N 30°E / 26; 30

Arab Republic o Egyp

AnthemBilady, Bilady, Bilady
My kintra, my kintra, my kintra
and largest city
30°2′N 31°13′E / 30.033°N 31.217°E / 30.033; 31.217
Offeecial leidsArabic[a]
Naitional leidEgyptian Arabic
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential
• Preses
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Moustafa Madbouly
LegislaturHoose o Representatives
• Unification o Upper
an Lawer Egyp
c. 3150 BC
• Muhammad Ali dynasty inauguratit
9 Julie 1805[4]
28 Februar 1922
23 Julie 1952
18 Juin 1953
18 Januar 2014
• Total
1,010,407.87[5] km2 (390,120.66 sq mi) (29t)
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
108,608,000[6] (14t)
• 2006 census
• Density
90/km2 (233.1/sq mi) (118t)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$1.173 trillion[8] (21st)
• Per capita
$12,560[8] (100t)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
• Tot
$330.765 billion[9] (34t)
• Per capita
$3,740[9] (115t)
Gini (2008)30.8[10]
HDI (2014)Increase 0.690[11]
medium · 108t
CurrencyEgyptian poond (EGP)
Time zoneUTC+2[c] (EET)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+20
ISO 3166 codeEG
Internet TLD
  1. ^ Leeterar Arabic is the sole offeecial leid.[12] Egyptian Arabic is the naitional spoken leid. Ither dialects an minority leids are spoken regionally.
  2. "Among the peoples of the ancient Near East, only the Egyptians have stayed where they were and remained what they were, although they have changed their language once and their religion twice. In a sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation".[13][14] Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.
  3. ^ See Daylicht savin time in Egyp.

Egyp, kent offeecially as the Arab Republic o Egyp an aw, is a Kintra in north Africae that includes the Sinai Hauf-Island, a laund brig tae Asie. Kiverin an aurie o aboot 1001450 sqkm, Egypt haes laund mairchs wi Libie tae the wast, Sudan tae the sooth an the Gaza Strip an Israel tae the east. The northren coast mairchs the Mediterranean Sea; the eastren coast mairchs the Reid Sea.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Egyp is dividit intae 27 govrenorates. The govrenorates are further dividit intae regions. The regions contain touns an veelages. Each govrenorate haes a caipital, whiles carryin the same name as the govrenorate.

In Aprile 2008, Cairo an Giza wur subdividit intae 4 govrenorates, namely the governorates of Cairo, Giza, 6 October an Helwan. As o Aprile 2011, 6 October an Helwan govrenorates war again incorporated intae Giza an Cairo respectively. In 2009, the ceety o Luxor wis declared an independent govrenorate.

The Upper govrenorates are locatit sooth o Cairo, while the Lawer govrenorates are locatit in the Delta o the Nile, north o Cairo.

Territorial Organization
Govrenorate Caipital Location
Alexandria Alexandria Northren
Aswan Aswan Upper
Asyut Asyut Upper
Beheira Damanhur Lawer
Beni Suef Beni Suef Upper
Cairo Cairo Middle
Dakahlia Mansoura Lawer
Damietta Damietta Lawer
Faiyum Faiyum Upper
Gharbia Tanta Lawer
Giza Giza Upper
Ismailia Ismailia Canal
Kafr el-Sheikh Kafr el-Sheikh Lawer
Luxor Luxor Upper
Governorate Caipital Location
Matruh Mersa Matruh Wastren
Minya Minya Upper
Monufia Shibin el-Kom Lawer
New Valley Kharga Oasis Wastren
North Sinai Arish Sinai
Port Said Port Said Canal
Qalyubia Banha Lawer
Qena Qena Upper
Red Sea Hurghada Eastren
Sharqia Zagazig Upper
Sohag Sohag Upper
Sooth Sinai el-Tor Sinai
Suez Suez Canal

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Religions". CIA World Factbook. Archived frae the original on 24 December 2018. Retrieved 9 Julie 2013.
  2. Goldschmidt, Arthur (1988). Modern Egypt: The Formation of a Nation-State. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-86531-182-4. Among the peoples of the ancient Near East, only the Egyptians have stayed where they were and remained what they were, although they have changed their language once and their religion twice. In a sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation. For most of their history, Egypt has been a state, but only in recent years has it been truly a nation-state, with a government claiming the allegiance of its subjects on the basis of a common identity.
  3. "Background Note: Egypt". United States Department of State Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs. 10 November 2010. Retrieved 5 Mairch 2011.
  4. Pierre Crabitès (1935). Ibrahim of Egypt. Routledge. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-415-81121-7. Retrieved 10 Februar 2013. ... on July 9, 1805, Constantinople conferred upon Muhammad Ali the pashalik of Cairo ...
  5. "Total area km2, pg.15" (PDF). Capmas.Gov – Arab Republic of Egypt. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 21 Mairch 2015. Retrieved 8 Mey 2015.
  6. "Population Clock". Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics. 27 Apryle 2013. Retrieved 27 Apryle 2013.
  7. "Population in Censuses by Sex & Sex Ratio (1882–2006)" (PDF). Egypt State Information Service. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 19 August 2019. Retrieved 26 Mey 2017.
  8. a b "Egypt". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 26 Apryle 2016.
  9. a b "Egypt". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 26 Apryle 2015.
  10. "GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved 8 Februar 2013.
  11. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  12. "Constitutional Declaration: A New Stage in the History of the Great Egyptian People". Egypt State Information Service. 30 Mairch 2011. Retrieved 15 Apryle 2011.
  13. name="USDept of State/Egypt"
  14. "Modern Egypt". google.com.eg.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]