Egyp

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Coordinates: 26°N 30°E / 26°N 30°E / 26; 30

Arab Republic o Egyp
Banner o Egyp
Coat o airms o Egyp
Banner Coat o airms
Anthem: Bilady, Bilady, Bilady
My kintra, my kintra, my kintra
EGY orthographic.svg
Capital
an lairgest ceety
Cairo
30°2′N 31°13′E / 30.033°N 31.217°E / 30.033; 31.217
Offeecial leids Arabic[a]
Naitional leid Egyptian Arabic
Releegion
Demonym Egyptian
Govrenment Unitar semi-presidential
republic
• Preses
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Sherif Ismail
Legislatur Hoose o Representatives
Establishment
• Unification o Upper
an Lawer Egyp
[2][3]
[b]
c. 3150 BC
• Muhammad Ali dynasty inauguratit
9 Julie 1805[4]
28 Februar 1922
23 Julie 1952
18 Juin 1953
18 Januar 2014
Aurie
• Tot
1,010,407.87[5] km2 (390,120.66 sq mi) (29t)
• Watter (%)
0.632
Population
• 2017 estimate
94,273,000[6] (14t)
• 2006 census
72,798,000[7]
• Density
90/km2 (233.1/sq mi) (118t)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$1.173 trillion[8] (21st)
• Per capita
$12,560[8] (100t)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Total
$330.765 billion[9] (34t)
• Per capita
$3,740[9] (115t)
Gini (2008) 30.8[10]
middlin
HDI (2014) Increase 0.690[11]
middlin · 108t
Siller Egyptian poond (EGP)
Time zone EET (UTC+2[c])
Drives on the right
Cawin code +20
Internet TLD
  1. ^ Leeterar Arabic is the sole offeecial leid.[12] Egyptian Arabic is the naitional spoken leid. Ither dialects an minority leids are spoken regionally.
  2. "Among the peoples of the ancient Near East, only the Egyptians have stayed where they were and remained what they were, although they have changed their language once and their religion twice. In a sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation".[13][14] Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.
  3. ^ See Daylicht savin time in Egyp.

Egyp, kent offeecially as the Arab Republic o Egyp an aw, is a Kintra in north Africae that includes the Sinai Hauf-Island, a laund brig tae Asie. Kiverin an aurie o aboot 1001450 sqkm, Egypt haes laund mairchs wi Libie tae the wast, Sudan tae the sooth an the Gaza Strip an Israel tae the east. The northren coast mairchs the Mediterranean Sea; the eastren coast mairchs the Reid Sea.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Egyp is dividit intae 27 govrenorates. The govrenorates are further dividit intae regions. The regions contain touns an veelages. Each govrenorate haes a capital, sometimes carryin the same name as the govrenorate.

In Aprile 2008, Cairo an Giza wur subdividit intae 4 govrenorates, namely the governorates of Cairo, Giza, 6 October an Helwan. As o Aprile 2011, 6 October an Helwan govrenorates were again incorporated into Giza an Cairo respectively. In 2009, the ceety o Luxor wis declared an independent govrenorate.

The Upper govrenorates are locatit sooth o Cairo, while the Lawer govrenorates are locatit in the Delta o the Nile, north o Cairo.

Govrenorate Caipital Location
Alexandria Alexandria Northren
Aswan Aswan Upper
Asyut Asyut Upper
Beheira Damanhur Lawer
Beni Suef Beni Suef Upper
Cairo Cairo Middle
Dakahlia Mansoura Lawer
Damietta Damietta Lawer
Faiyum Faiyum Upper
Gharbia Tanta Lawer
Giza Giza Upper
Ismailia Ismailia Canal
Kafr el-Sheikh Kafr el-Sheikh Lawer
Luxor Luxor Upper
Governorate Caipital Location
Matruh Mersa Matruh Wastren
Minya Minya Upper
Monufia Shibin el-Kom Lawer
New Valley Kharga Oasis Wastren
North Sinai Arish Sinai
Port Said Port Said Canal
Qalyubia Banha Lawer
Qena Qena Upper
Red Sea Hurghada Eastren
Sharqia Zagazig Upper
Sohag Sohag Upper
Sooth Sinai el-Tor Sinai
Suez Suez Canal

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Religions". CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 9 Julie 2013. 
  2. Goldschmidt, Arthur (1988). Modern Egypt: The Formation of a Nation-State. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-86531-182-4. Among the peoples of the ancient Near East, only the Egyptians have stayed where they were and remained what they were, although they have changed their language once and their religion twice. In a sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation. For most of their history, Egypt has been a state, but only in recent years has it been truly a nation-state, with a government claiming the allegiance of its subjects on the basis of a common identity. 
  3. "Background Note: Egypt". United States Department of State Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs. 10 November 2010. Retrieved 5 Mairch 2011. 
  4. Pierre Crabitès (1935). Ibrahim of Egypt. Routledge. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-415-81121-7. Retrieved 10 Februar 2013. ... on July 9, 1805, Constantinople conferred upon Muhammad Ali the pashalik of Cairo ... 
  5. "Total area km2, pg.15" (PDF). Capmas.Gov – Arab Republic of Egypt. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 21 Mairch 2015. Retrieved 8 Mey 2015. 
  6. "Population Clock". Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics. 27 Aprile 2013. Retrieved 27 Aprile 2013. 
  7. "Population in Censuses by Sex & Sex Ratio (1882–2006)" (PDF). Egypt State Information Service. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Egypt". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 26 Aprile 2016. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Egypt". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 26 Aprile 2015. 
  10. "GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved 8 Februar 2013. 
  11. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 
  12. "Constitutional Declaration: A New Stage in the History of the Great Egyptian People". Egypt State Information Service. 30 Mairch 2011. Retrieved 15 Aprile 2011. 
  13. name="USDept of State/Egypt"
  14. "Modern Egypt". google.com.eg. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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